NRS 430 Present an overview of the nursing theory

NRS 430 Present an overview of the nursing theory

NRS 430 Present an overview of the nursing theory

The person-centered care framework by McCormack and McCane addresses all of the nursing metaparadigm concepts, which are the environment, nursing, health, and the person. The framework centers upon respecting clients and acknowledging them as partners in the course of giving them care. The PCN framework recommends placing the patient as the most important aspect of nursing care. Nurses should consider and respect the opinions of patients regarding their care (Wolstenholme, Ross, Cobb, & Bowen, 2017). The theory posits that the role of nursing is to make patients fully functional. Hence, nurses should advocate for patients regardless of their ability, health status, or age. To enhance the nursing environment, the framework recommends creating therapeutic situations, including effective teamwork and positive staff relationships.

Family nursing practitioners can improve patient outcomes by applying the PCN nursing framework. First, they can improve outcomes by making patients part of nursing care. The nurse can create healthy relationships with the family that is receiving care. Such relationships are critical in ensuring trust between the patient and the nurse (Van der Cingel et al., 2016). This can help in learning about progress and changes that need to be addressed.  Nurses can also use the theory in their practice to advocate for the patients.

By applying the PCN framework, nurses can be more compassionate with their clients. Regarding the environment, nurses can work closely with other professionals to enhance the experience of their clients (McCormack et al., 2015). They can also ensure that the home or hospital environment wherein care is provided is auspicious to the patient. Similarly, family nurse practitioners ought to ensure that the nursing care provided to clients are of the highest quality. The goal should be to help families meet their health needs. Working closely with clients can enable nurses to achieve better patient outcomes. Lastly, nurses can also use evidence-based values to enhance patient care.


McCormack, B., Borg, M., Cardiff, S., Dewing, J., Jacobs, G., & Janes, N. et al. (2015). Person-centredness – the ‘state’ of the art. International Practice Development Journal5(Suppl), 1-15. doi: 10.19043/ipdj.5sp.003

Van der Cingel, M., Brandsma, L., van Dam, M., van Dorst, M., Verkaart, C., & van der Velde, C. (2016). Concepts of person-centred care: a framework analysis of five studies in daily care practices. International Practice Development Journal6(2), 1-17. doi: 10.19043/ipdj.62.006

Wolstenholme, D., Ross, H., Cobb, M., & Bowen, S. (2017). Participatory design facilitates Person Centred Nursing in service improvement with older people: a secondary directed content analysis. Journal of clinical nursing, 26(9-10), 1217–1225. doi:10.1111/jocn.13385

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I concur that the foundation for this theoretical framework is the idea of individuality, which functions in this capacity. It’s possible that more than one person will receive the same diagnosis, but it doesn’t guarantee that they will all have the same experience inside the domain. As a direct consequence of this, the medical attention that we render is individualized for each individual patient. In the end, this leads to greater outcomes for patients, as well as the development of trust and rapport with patients. In general, this concept is highly helpful for managing patient care since it informs us of how patients are feeling and what they know about their health, which helps us to take the action that is most suitable.

Kate Famularo

Sep 8, 2022, 10:56 PM

“Nursing theories are organized bodies of knowledge to define what nursing is, what nurses do, and why they do it.” They combine several concepts in an original and more creative method, to show how they relate to one another.   Nursing conceptual models on the other hand build off of theories, they are not as straight forward.


Virginia Henderson’s need theory and description of nursing is “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.”

Her theory encourages the “importance of increasing the patient’s independence and focusing on the basic human needs so that progress after hospitalization would not be delayed.” She encourages nurses to care for the patient but continuously monitor and adjust the plan of care to promote independence as soon as possible. Individualizing the plan of care dependent on each specific patients needs because as we know not all patients recover and heal at the same rate.

This theory is one of the foundations of nursing, we are taught to care for the sick, ill and injured until they can care for themselves. It is our responsibility to care for a client while ill but constantly assess their progress towards self care and independence. As they progress in their recovery, we are to educate and encourage them to become more independent, this can be as simple as ADL’s or more complex as wound care and preventing infection.

Great choice of theory. In other words, the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual in the performance of those activities contributing to health. The need theory that was developed by Virginia Henderson and her explanation of what nursing entails are both correct in my eyes. We have received the necessary training to provide care for the ill, the injured, and the damaged until such time as the patient is able to provide care for themselves. This philosophy is one of the cornerstones around which the profession of nursing is built. While it is our responsibility to provide care for a patient while they are unwell, we are also required to monitor and assess the patient’s development toward self-care and independence on a consistent basis.

  • Virginia Henderson’s theory is an important theory used in hospitals daily. Her theory focuses more on patient independence so they can leave the hospital and continue to progress at home. When a patient is involved in his or her care and taught how to take care of themselves, they are more inclined to do more to help improve their care and this helps keep them out of hospitals.