CLC – Nursing Theory and Conceptual Model Presentation
Both Nursing theory and conceptual nursing models are critical in formulating strategies to ensure the delivery of quality care. The two approaches are interrelated; both can be used to develop policies and treatment processes for different patients. Nursing theory and conceptual framework play significant roles in the formulation of different nursing disciplines.
Nursing theory refers to the collection of statements that describe the connection or association between two or more ideas in nursing practices. Nursing theories play significant roles in the formulation of different nursing disciplines. Nursing theories are commonly applied to enhance the delivery of quality healthcare services (Grand Canyon University, 2018). All nurses apply nursing theories in their daily practices without knowing. Nursing theory can also be perceived as organized and knowledge-based concepts that fundamentally define the scope of nursing practices; it involves creative and restructuring concepts and ideas that project a purposeful, systematic, and tentative perception of a given phenomenon. Through systematic inquiries, both in nursing practices and research, nursing professionals are able to develop new knowledge relevant to the provision of care to all patients.
Conceptual models in nursing often describe a certain way of thinking or ideas of how given nursing theories can fit together according to the theorist (Brandão et al., 2019). A conceptual model can be perceived as the organizing structure that describes the theory. The conceptual model of nursing provides a framework for observation, reflection, as well as the interpretation of a given phenomenon. In particular, it provides guidance and guidelines for different aspects of clinical practices.
The theory expresses how nurses provide care to all patients. From the theory, quality care is the cornerstone of nursing practice. According to this theory, caring is fundamental to nursing practices since it encourages health to be better than the simple medical cure. Jean Watson believes in the holistic approaches to healthcare processes (Jean Watson Nursing Theory, n.d). Watson’s theory has ten major concepts of factors; the first three factors are based on the philosophical foundation for the art or science of care. On the other hand, the last seven concepts arise from the above foundation. One of the main advantages of Watson’s theory is that it provides a common or universal framework that can be used in different scenarios and the management of different patients. The theory also puts patients in the context of the community, family, and culture.
Watson’s theory can be applied under different circumstances. For instance, it can be applied in the below situation.
A 52-year old has been diagnosed with lung cancer. It is her first afternoon in the treatment process; she is scheduled for therapy the following morning. The woman is divorced, her family lives out of the country, and is unable to travel to keep her company.
The three concepts of Watson’s theory that can be applied in the above scenario include the creation of a humanistic-altruistic value system, creating the connection with the patient by instilling hope or faith, and humanizing sensitivity for self and others. The woman is likely to undergo a life-changing medical procedure that requires sensitive approaches from the scenario given. Also, it is necessary to give hope through creating the connection between the patient and nurses/healthcare professionals involved in the surgical process.
Nursing theory refers to the collection of statements that describe the connection or association between two or more ideas in nursing practices. According to the theorist, conceptual models in nursing often describe a certain way of thinking or ideas of how given nursing theories can fit together. According to Jean Watson’s theory, caring is fundamental to nursing practices since it encourages health to be better than the simple medical cure.
Brandão, M. A. G., Barros, A. L. B. L. D., Caniçali, C., Bispo, G. S., & Lopes, R. O. P. (2019). Nursing theories in the conceptual expansion of good practices in nursing. Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 72, 577-581. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0395
Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Dynamics in nursing: Art & science of professional practice. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs430v/dynamics-in-nursing-art-and-science-of-professional-practice/v1.1/
Jean Watson Nursing Theory. (n.d.). Nursing theorist. Retrieved from http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Jean-Watson.php
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Topic 3 DQ 2
Sep 5-9, 2022
Discuss the difference between a nursing conceptual model and a nursing theory. Select a nursing theory used in health care and provide a concise summary of it. Provide an example of how this nursing theory would be effective in managing client care.
A nursing conceptual model is a set of abstract concepts with no specifics. A conceptual model provides a particular and distinct frame of reference through which people, their environment, and their health are perceived. Its main function is to provide a framework for reflection, observation, and interpretation of phenomena and, specifically, it provides guidelines and guidance for aspects of clinical practice. Nursing theories are organized, knowledge-based concepts that essentially define the scope of nursing practice. These theories enable nurses explain what they do for the patients and why. Nursing theories allows nurses to influence their patient in a positive way beyond the bedside. Florence Nightingale’s Environmental theory teaches personal hygiene, lighting, diet and good ventilation which improves patient’s health and promotes healing.
Fawcett J., Cariello F. P., David D. A., et al. Conceptual models of nursing: application to critical care nursing practice. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. 1987
What is Nursing theory: Regis College October 28, 2021: https://online.regiscollege.edu/blog/what-is-nursing-theory
Sep 9, 2022, 8:32 AM
- A theory is defined as “a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. It refers to a logical group of general propositions used as principles of explanation” (Wayne,G. 2021). With that stated, a nursing theory would be described as a belief based on nursing, what we do as nurses, and why nurses do what they do. A conceptual model just shows many theories, ideas and thoughts that have been brought up through time. It will show us how these theories could be introduced into our practices. These theories through time are experimented and are what influences our way of practicing. “In 1952, Hildegard Peplau introduced her Theory of Interpersonal Relations that emphasizes the nurse-client relationship as the foundation of nursing practice” (Wayne, G. 2021). Everyone is different, we are not all expected to react the same way to treatment or even how we treat one another. It is up to nurses to be able to put everything aside and the initial patient-nurse interaction to get to know one another and for us to build onto that relationship for our patients health. It not only builds a relationship but it also gives the patient a sense of trust .
Wayne, G. (2021). Nursing theories and theorists: An ultimate guide for nurses. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/nursing-theories/
As you rightly stated, the theory of interpersonal relations by Hildegard Peplau plays a great role in the way nurses provide care to patients and the way patients receive the care provided. As nurses, the relationship we create with our patients, the way we communicate with them either through our body language or verbally and the tone of our voice makes a whole difference in how they will perceive the quality of care that is been provided to them. This why we find ourselves in situations where a patient will refuse treatment from some nurses or will ask for another nurse because they don’t like the way nurse X or Y talked to them but will gladly accept treatment from another nurse. I believe a nurse’s initial contact with a patient or client is where the nurse should clearly explain the expectations from the patient and set boundaries for their nurse-patient relationship. And when this is done, conflict will be hopefully minimized with this nurse-patient interaction.