Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513

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Nola Pender’s model for health promotion. This strategy investigates the patient’s characteristics and behaviors, as well as how nursing interventions can help the patient adapt, incorporate, or improve positive habits. Comprehensive health, according to Pender, is the absence of illness or disease, as well as physical, mental, and social wholeness. Instead, he considered health to be a dynamic positive state (Current Nursing, 2020). Pender’s approach has had an impact on how nursing care can encourage patients to make healthy lifestyle choices, which is critical for public health and disease prevention. This strategy takes into account biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors to promote behavioral changes that improve self-care and illness prevention (Gonzalo, 2021). This is accomplished by investigating the patient’s behaviors’ rewards, drawbacks, influences, commitment, and self-efficacy. In the future, this concept could be used to prevent virus transmission, disease, and obesity. The patient’s willingness to change and the nurse’s ability to provide adequate information and reevaluate therapies as needed are the technique’s limitations. Increased bedside workloads, increased charting, rising acuity, and a lack of nurse-patient ratios can all have a negative impact on the viability of this method in an acute care setting. The breadth of public health and illness prevention, as well as its relationship to religious beliefs, can raise ethical concerns. Although many religions encourage procreation and are anti-contraception, sexual health promotes the use of birth control and contraception. Another example of an ethical challenge in health promotion is the highly political 2020 mask mandates and the freedom of individuals to choose their health activities.

In her Self-Care Deficit Theory, Dorothea Orem emphasizes the importance of encouraging patient independence above self-care (Current Nursing, 2020). This approach can be used to direct nursing care, basically personalizing care plans for areas of need. Orem believes that nurses should seek to keep patients’ independence so they can recover more quickly. This can include entire care, help with toileting and bathing, and instruction to enable the patient to take care of themselves. The nurse’s job is to identify the patient’s requirements, limitations, and capabilities before developing the best interventions to support patient independence (Current Nursing, 2020). I think that giving patients some liberty and independence can assist patients improve their behavior. Promoting patient self-care can also help patients maintain their health; encouraging and supporting patient self-care can assist patients in changing their behavior for the better for the rest of their lives. The strong emphasis on self-care activities in Orem’s philosophy has the drawback of frequently neglecting the patient’s spiritual and emotional requirements (Current Nursing, 2020). This notion may also be constrained by the patient’s comprehension of their condition, their capacity for learning, or their family’s success in meeting their demands for self-care. If a patient requires help with home wound care, for instance, the patient and family may be taught how to properly dress the wound, but it’s possible that the patient and family members lack the stomach for wound care. Or perhaps there are difficulties with learning. If nursing interventions conflict with a patient’s cultural or religious views, ethical questions may surface.

Both of these models are helpful in my opinion, however as a prospective informatics nurse, I think Pender’s Health Promotion Model would be more effective at influencing behavior. With this in mind, future research and the application of technologies can be employed within the framework of this model to promote disease prevention and good health habits. Pender’s model essentially reflects the process of inducing behavioral changes.

Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model. This model looks at the patient’s characteristics and behaviors and how nursing interventions can help adapt, add, or improve the patient’s healthy behaviors. Pender believed that health is a positive dynamic state, meaning that overall health includes physical, mental, and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of illness or disease (Current Nursing, 2020). Pender’s model is foundational in public health and disease prevention and has helped outline how nursing practice can spark the patient’s healthy lifestyle changes. This theory focuses on inciting behavioral changes that promote self-care and prevention of illness by looking at biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors (Gonzalo, 2021). This is done by examining the benefits, barriers, influences, commitment, and self-efficacy of the patient’s actions. This model can be used to prevent disease, obesity, and future spread of infection. A limitation of this model can be related to the patient’s

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513
Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513

willingness to change and the nurse’s ability to provide adequate education and reassess interventions when necessary. Increasing responsibilities at the bedside, increased charting, increased acuity, and a lack of nurse-patient ratios can significantly impact the success of this model in an acute care setting. Additionally, ethical issues can be raised in terms of the scope of public health and disease prevention and how it relates to religious beliefs. For example, sexual health promotes the use of birth control and contraceptive methods, and some religions disapprove of contraception and have procreation views. Another example of ethical issues in health promotion can be seen with the highly politicized 2020 mask mandates and the individual’s right to choose their health behaviors.

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Read Also: NUR 513 Worldview and Nursing Process Personal Statement

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513 discusses Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory. It emphasizes the importance of patient independence over self-care (Current Nursing, 2020). This theory can be applied to nursing care, essentially individualizing care plans in areas where deficiencies exist. Orem believed that if nurses worked to keep patients self-sufficient, they would recover more quickly. This can range from total care to assistance with toileting and bathing, as well as education to enable the patient to care for themselves. Before developing appropriate interventions to promote patient independence, the nurse must assess the patient’s strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and needs (Current Nursing, 2020). Patient autonomy and independence, I believe, can aid in the implementation of behavioral changes in the patient. Encouragement and advocacy for patient self-care can help patients make lifelong behavioral changes; encouraging and advocating for patient self-care can help patients maintain their health. The limitation of Orem’s theory is that it is overly focused on self-care tasks and frequently overlooks the patient’s spiritual and emotional needs (Current Nursing, 2020). Furthermore, the patient’s understanding of their illness, ability to understand teaching, or the family’s ability to successfully assist with self-care needs may limit this theory. For example, if a patient requires home wound care, the patient and family members may be taught how to properly dress the wound, but they may not have the stomach for wound care. Perhaps there are some learning difficulties. Ethical concerns may arise if nursing interventions contradict a patient’s cultural or religious beliefs.

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513

I find both of these models useful, but I believe as a future informatics nurse that Pender’s Health Promotion Model would help incite behavioral changes. Pender’s model essentially embodies provoking behavioral changes; keeping this in mind, future research and implementation of technologies can be used within this model’s framework to promote disease prevention and optimal health behaviors.

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care NUR 513 References

Current Nursing. (2020). Nursing theories: Open access articles on nursing theories and models. https://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_self_care_deficit_theory.html

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gonzalo, A. (2021, March 5). Nola Pender: Health promotion model. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/nola-pender-health-promotion-model/

RESPOND TO GINA HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

Indeed Gina Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model is suitable in inciting behavioral change.  The model examines individual traits and characteristics. The patient information will determine a behavioral change introduced based on the expected outcome. Pender’s model takes a wholesome model when examining the patient. The model allows a nurse to evaluate the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of a patient before deciding on the right intervention (Khoshnood et al., 2018). Pender’s protocols reduce the chances of committing errors. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is also a theory that supports behavioral adjustments. However, Dorothea believes in patient independence’s influence on behavioral change and patient recuperation.  The self-care deficit theory mandates the healthcare provider with the obligation of granting patient autonomy (Hernández et al., 2017). All nursing theories are important most nurses may want to incorporate them in nursing practice. Nevertheless, Pender’s health promotion model will be preferable due to its holistic approach to patient’s behavioral assessment before initiating the transformational process.

 

References

Hernández, Y. N., Pacheco, J. A. C., & Larreynaga, M. R. (2017). The self-care deficit nursing theory: Dorothea Elizabeth Orem. Gaceta Médica Espirituana19(3).

Khoshnood, Z., Rayyani, M., & Tirgari, B. (2018). Theory analysis for Pender’s health promotion model (HPM) by Barnum’s criteria: a critical perspective. International journal of adolescent medicine and health1(ahead-of-print).