NRS 430 How Nursing Practice Evolved Over Time
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In the previous 200 years, nursing has come a long way. What was originally considered predominantly a male-dominated caring position has transformed into one driven by “knowledge, judgment, and expertise” (onlinenursing.twu.edu). The general public, according to Texas Woman’s University, did not think it was appropriate for women to care for strangers (2019). How much a generation can change! Nursing has evolved into a desirable and valued profession in which scientific procedures are used to improve and direct patient care. Nurses are no longer stereotyped as “undesirable…the immoral, the drunk, the ignorant” (gcumedia.lms).
Every nurse has heard of Florence Nightingale. Her work with injured troops during the Crimean War altered how sanitation and hygiene are viewed in a hospital setting. She also used data and increased mortality to back up her beliefs about the importance of cleanliness (Market, 2017). Her approach transformed the public’s perception of nursing and gave the profession newfound credibility.
Another notable pioneering nurse is Linda Richards. She was known as “America’s first trained nurse,” and she was the first to keep records in a patient’s chart, such as “nurse notes and doctors notes” (nursingworld.org). A nurse discovered what we now take for granted! I can’t imagine a world where a patient’s medical history isn’t easily accessible.
How about you, Mary Nutting? She was the “first nurse ever appointed to a university professorship,” according to Wikipedia (nursingworld.org). Her contribution to nursing education established the framework for nursing education’s legitimacy. Her advocacy for the advancement of university-educated nurses was a significant achievement for the nursing profession.
There are so many people to thank for nursing’s growth! The American Nurses Association profiles many of the people who shaped the nurses we see today. We have grown from humble beginnings to become a formidable organization that advocates for our patients and advances scientific discoveries.
Topic 3 DQ 1
How has nursing practice evolved over time? Discuss the key leaders and historical events that have influenced the advancement of nursing, nursing education, and nursing roles that are now part of the contemporary nursing profession.
Re: Topic 3 DQ 1
Nursing has been practiced since before the birth of Christ. Nursing has always been about caring for the sick, being by their bedsides, and assisting in their recovery. The “medicine man” was the healer who looked after the people back then. Because science and research were not yet known, and evidence-based practice was not yet recognized, illness knowledge and treatment were provided through trial and error (Whitney, 2018). In the 1800s, Florence Nightingale’s work in establishing nurse education programs in British hospitals changed the world of nursing. Nurses were not given funding to conduct research and studies until the 1960s, which resulted in the resolution of many health-care problems and the improvement of nursing services ( Whelan, 2017). Nursing has changed over the centuries. Today, nursing is a career that offers extensive different levels of training, diverse staff, and previously unavailable funding for research. Nursing is also guided by theories developed since the profession’s inception. The theory is still important in the evolution of the nursing discipline. It is a set of intentional and systematic ideas that help to organize disciplinary thinking and influence practice, and it is used by all nurses in their daily practices. (2018) (Whitney) As a result, we now have better hospitals, more accountability, and a stronger emphasis on patient care, which saves lives. Changes in training, health-care settings, increased responsibilities, research, and evidence-based practices have saved many lives and contributed to nursing becoming the respected profession it is today.
ALSO CHECK OUT: NRS 430 CLC Nursing Theory Discussion
Whelan, J. C. (2017). American Nursing: An Introduction to the Past. https://www.nursing.upenn.edu/nhhc/american-nursing-an-introduction-to-the-past/.
Whitney, S. (2018). History of professional nursing. In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Dynamics in Nursing: Art and Science of Professional Practice. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs430v/dynamics-innursing-art-and-science-of-professional-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/2
I agree that a nursing model provides a protocol for research, but nursing theory elaborates on the nursing process. As a result, the nursing model is more complex than the nursing theory. Depending on the purpose, the nursing model may offer various nursing theories that can be integrated into nursing research. Nursing models cover a wide range of important aspects of the research. Nursing models that are effective are used in successful nursing studies (Leviner, 2020). There are numerous nursing models and theories that can be used together or separately. The coping/adaptation theory examines how patients suffering from psychological issues such as emotional distress, anger, and anxiety respond to psychological disruptions. Adaptation theory allows a physician to prescribe a supervised and quiet environment for an anxious patient’s recovery. The theory also explains when medical intervention may be preferable to other responses. The nursing model could go on to provide a long-term schedule that could eliminate relapses.
Allen, D. H. (2020). The Nightingale Legacy. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 24(5), 1-2. DOI: 10.1188/20.cjon.s2.5-6
Re: Topic 3 DQ 1
Nursing has evolved throughout the years from many standpoints. In its early stages, before 1800 it was merely a job let alone a career that we are all trying to pursue. When the Crimean war occured, so did the beginning of a more modernized way of nursing thanks to Florence Nightingale. So many changes have occured since then, along with the culture that has influenced it. The changes ranged anywhere from gender, social class status, uniforms, policies and procedures, pharmaceuticals, and education. At the beginning it was men who were the first nurses, which now progressed into a profession majority lead by women. Before nursing was a lower class job and now nurses get compensated well for their specialties. There really wasn’t any policy or procedure at first, until Florence Nightingale suggested a healthier environment to British Military officials. Education was based in the hospitals as diploma programs, which have now transformed into college degree programs. Pharmaceuticals played a part in the progression of nursing as stated in Dynamics of Nursing, “Pharmacological interventions in the form of antibiotics were one of the main impacts for nurses of the 20th century, making infection more easily treatable and diseases easier to control.” (Whitney, 2018 para. 11)
Many people must be credited over the years of the ever-changing nursing profession. Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, Mary Brewster, Lina Rogers, Clara Barton, Jane Delano, Linda Richards, and many others are among them. Because of her implementation of sanitation techniques, Florence Nightingale is regarded as the founder of modern medicine. Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster assisted immigrants in New York City while also organizing public school nursing; with their assistance, Lina Rogers became the first school nurse. The American Red Cross and the American Red Cross Nursing Service were founded by Clara Barton and Jane Delano. Linda Richards was the country’s first professionally trained nurse.
Today’s nursing roles are shaped by one’s individual’s education and environment. Working with the patients interdisciplinary team, incorporation of teamwork, assuming the leadership role, and openly communicating can promote healing by providing a safe and caring environment for the patient.
Whitney, S. (2018). History of professional nursing. In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Dynamics in
Nursing: Art and Science of Professional Practice. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs430v/dynamics-innursing-art-and-science-of-professional-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/2
I agree with you that nursing has evolved through time from a lower-class profession to one in which the majority of individuals are eager to pursue higher education. Nursing, on the other hand, has progressed as a career as a consequence of the dedication of many people. Unfortunately, the majority of the career’s pioneers have passed away. Despite their deaths, Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, Mary Brewster, Lina Rogers, Clara Barton, Jane Delano, Linda Richards, and others made significant contributions to nursing. These nurses made different contributions to their respective disciplines (Yuan, 2020). Due to time and other factors such as culture, the majority of the concepts they originated have evolved. Nonetheless, the skeleton of today’s nursing can be traced back to these ancient nurses and events that occurred during their time. Nursing has benefited from ongoing research and scientific innovation, which has resulted in new concepts that have transformed the profession. In addition, the increased accuracy is due to the importance of nursing in today’s society, which is overly reliant on healthcare services. As a result, nursing is changing at a quick pace.
Re: Topic 3 DQ 1
When nursing was not a prestigious profession, women learned medical skills from their mothers or from a natural desire to care for others. According to history, nursing began in the mid-nineteenth century, when neither men nor women were considered respectable. There have been many nursing pioneers, such as Clara Barton, who founded the Red Cross, Dorothea Lynde Dix, who advocated for the mentally ill and established the first generation of American mental asylums, Florence Nightingale, who founded modern nursing, and many others. I’ll focus on Florence because I admire how she defied social conventions and her wealthy parents to become a nurse. The idea of women breastfeeding strangers was widely condemned at the time. Florence, on the other hand, was certain that nurses should take on leadership roles in order to improve health care (Whitney, 2018, para. 4). She was a strong leader who believed that by becoming a nurse, a woman could gain independence and social standing. During the Crimean War, Nightingale assisted in a military hospital; within a few weeks of her assistance, troop mortality was significantly reduced. The public’s admiration for Nightingale’s accomplishments prompted the hospital to make significant changes to improve patient care. In addition to writing a book, she founded a nursing school in 1860 that provided basic nursing education and instruction. Nursing education has become more formalized over time; today, nursing schools are more sophisticated and offer a comprehensive training curriculum that qualifies nurses to work in any medical setting and provide the highest quality care in a safe environment.
I agree with you that in the early days, nursing was not a valuable career since women learned about taking care of their sick children from their mothers. Women spent most of their time around their families so they were wired to be caregivers. However, changes that have happened in the lower class profession, since women were perceived as caregivers, favored some women. Many nursing pioneers who are celebrated up to now are women. For example, Clara Barton, Dorothea Lynde Dix, and Florence Nightingale are all women. These pioneers played crucial roles in different obligations that directly impacted the contemporary nursing (Ayello, 2020). Nightingale worked under harsh situations during the Crimean War where she was attending to the wounded soldiers on the battlefield. She was a bold nurse who also contributed to other crucial aspects apart from dressing wounded soldiers. Although changes have happened due to time, contributions of the predecessors cannot be erased in the contemporary career.
Ayello, E. A. (2020). From bedsores to global health care: Insights from Nightingale’s: Notes on Nursing. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 33(5), 237-238. DOI: 10.1097/01.ASW.0000658604.86284.f2