NRS 430 Discuss Difference Between Nursing Conceptual Model And Nursing Theory
A structure is defined in nursing theory as “purposeful and systematic concepts that serve to organize discipline thinking and influence practice” (Whitney, 2018, para. 28). As a result, nursing theories serve as guiding concepts for clinical decision-making in the area. Theories can be classified based on their sophistication. These theories are classified into three types: great theories, intermediate theories, and practical theories (also referred to as conceptual models). Theorists’ mental images of how their theories fit together are described in conceptual models. A conceptual model establishes a theory’s organizing framework (Whitney, 2018, para. 34). To put it another way, conceptual models in nursing drive research toward a certain topic.
According to Richard Lazarus’ Coping and Adaptation Theory, a person’s ability to adapt to a constantly changing environment influences how well their body can cope (Whitney, 2018. para. 38).
In this approach, anxiety and sadness are viewed as coping mechanisms. This concept can be applied by nurses in their work to better understand the effects of stress on their patients and themselves. Although there is little certainty about covid, we do know that it primarily affects adults and people with serious medical problems. The CDC initially mentioned fever, chills, coughing, and shortness of breath as possible symptoms when we first learned about the pandemic. Individuals began to experience gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea or loss of appetite after a few days. As a result, the epidemic is constantly evolving, and nurses must be ready to respond to any emergency that arises. They must also be aware that each patient reacts to situations differently.
Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
The difference between a nursing model is to provide guidance in research and a nursing theory explains the nursing process that is based on research. The Coping/adaptation Theory- Focuses on focuses on various psychological responses to stress that are considered negative, such as emotional distress, anxiety, depression, anger, and fear (Whitney, 2018). An example I can think of is when a patient presents to the ER for psychiatric evaluation due to auditory Hallucinations. The patient appears distressed, anxious, tachycardic and high blood pressure. The nurse provides a supervised, quiet environment for the patient and offers medication to help calm the Anxiety. The patient calms down, vital signs improve and the patient remains cooperative while admission to the psychiatric unit is finalized. The patient is provided with therapy and medication management to improve patients mental health.
Also Check Out: NRS 430 CLC Nursing Theory and Conceptual Model Presentation
I agree with you that a nursing model provides a protocol that guides research but nursing theory expounds on the nursing process. Therefore, the nursing model is more elaborate than the nursing theory. In most cases, the nursing model may offer various nursing theories than can be integrated into nursing research based on the purpose. Nursing models cover various significant aspects of the research. Successful nursing studies have effective nursing models (Leviner, 2020). There are various nursing models and theories that can be used either together or differently. The coping/ adaptation theory focuses on how patients of psychological issues such as emotional distress, anger, and anxiety can react to their psychological disruptions. Adaptation theory enables a physician to prescribe to a patient with anxiety a supervised and quiet environment for their recovery. The theory also explains occasions where medical intervention may be preferred rather than other responses. The nursing model may proceed to provide a long-term schedule that may eliminate a relapse.
Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
A nursing conceptual model as well as a nursing theory The nursing conceptual model directs nursing research. The conceptual model contains hypothetical connections that define the coexistence of two concepts. The concepts are then linked with a hypothesis using either a mathematical formula or declarations (Whitney, n.d.).
Nursing theory differs from nursing conceptual model in that it formulates ideas and organizes them into a concise plan. Nurses use this plan and their skills to broaden their knowledge, which improves the care they provide. Florence Nightingale was a nursing theory model pioneer. Nightingale believed that the environment, water, fresh air, proper nutrition, hygiene, and adequate sunlight would improve a patient’s recovery.
A sickle cell crisis struck an 18-year-old female. On a scale of 1 to 10, this young lady’s pain level is an 8. She hasn’t had her medication refilled in over a month and refuses to take any pain relievers. The patient, according to Nightingale, requires a proper environment, hygiene, and nutrition. The nurse assessed the patient for noncompliance with medication and discovered that the patient lacked insurance and was homeless. In exchange, the patient was not given proper nutrition or hygiene. She declined the pain medication due to financial concerns. The nurse gave a social worker resources to assist with housing, insurance, and medication management education.
I agree with your assertion that nursing conceptual model guides nursing research. The model has various connections and co-existence of two concepts. A hypothesis is a critical part of a conceptual model. Depending on the nursing research, the hypothesis can be either in calculations or declarations (Upvall & Leffers, 2018). Nursing theory is different since theory formulates ideas that develop a plan. The nursing plan facilitates the execution of nursing research. Florence Nightingale is an example of a successful nurse who used her nursing plan to develop a nursing theory model. Although this pioneer nurse developed her theory in the 1800s, the protocol that was used makes the theory beneficial to date. Nightingale believed that improving a patient’s recovery is a process that is determined by the presence of fresh air, proper nutrition, hygiene, clean water, and sufficient sunlight. Most contemporary healthcare facilities adhere to every element of Nightingale’s environmental theory. The fact that the theory was generated in the 1800s but it is still relevant today shows the importance of the conceptual model in nursing.
RESPOND TO MONICA
I agree with you that nursing theory is the foundation of nursing practice. Nursing practice is an obligation that is guided by systematic ideas that help in organizing thinking and acting. Therefore, nursing theory ensures that decisions and deeds in nursing research are appropriate to guarantee positive outcomes. Nursing theories are classified in midrange theories, and grand theories based on the uniqueness of these theories when they are used in research (Maki & DeVon, 2018). These nursing models are further divided into various categories depending on the situation of their utilization. The conceptual model is an elaborate concept in nursing research. The model guides the thinking and the selection of the suitable nursing theory for the research. There are various nursing theories but some circumstances render some theories irrelevant. The conceptual model plays a crucial role in the selection of the appropriate nursing model. The role of a conceptual model dictates the model to have a hypothesis that guides the thinking and other actions that are performing in nursing research.