NRS 410 Topic 1 Cardiorespiratory Complexities DQs and Assignment

NRS 410 Topic 1 Cardiorespiratory Complexities DQs and Assignment

NRS 410 Topic 1 Cardiorespiratory Complexities DQs and Assignment

Objectives:

  1. Evaluate functions of the cardiac and respiratory systems based on findings.
  2. Develop a health promotion with a restoration teaching plan for a patient with cardiorespiratory complexities.
  3. Develop a method for patient education to prevent hospital readmission.

Assessments

Class Introductions

There are many resources a patient could need after diagnosis with cardiorespiratory
issues. Depending on the disease process, whether cardiac or respiratory or both,
determine what needs may arise. Some patients need to use durable medical
equipment like oxygen at home or a walker to get around. Using this equipment
sometimes requires rearranging the house to make it safe, like lifting rugs to reduce
tripping hazards or furniture so patients can move around easily. Many modifications
need to be made for an independent person now dependent on rides to appointments
and help to shower. Medication resources are essential due to how expensive the
medications even for those who have insurance. We must make sure patients have
access to life-saving medicines and the ability to get these prescriptions, so they don't
run out (Johnson, 2018).
Cardiac rehab helps patients gain independence with activities of daily living after
diagnosis with cardiac issues. They are a non-pharmological approach to help decrease
mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). They help with safe exercise that can help with
healing and improve depression that some feel when faced with illness. They enter this
usually after having an acute MI. This type of rehab improves cardiac function, ejection
fraction, and resting heart rate. They can enhance the quality of life and eliminate risk
factors that could contribute to rehospitalization (Kirolos et al., 2019). Pulmonary rehab
is similar to cardiac rehab but specific to rehab for the lungs. It helps patients with
chronic lung issues learn to exercise in a controlled environment (Johnson, 2018).
These rehabs give patients tools to improve health with diet, exercise, and the ability to
be independent in daily living. If used to full advantage, patients can decrease risks of
further cardiopulmonary issues. Another goal of cardiac/pulmonary rehab is helping
patients return to work. Some may be off work for a period of time to recover. This will

mean some lose their job during this time. Factors that affect a patient's return to work
post-MI are job description, age, gender, and psychological factors like depression.
Occupational rehab may be necessary to help patients return to work successfully
within two years. It should start right away, along with other rehabs (Zack et al., 2022).

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References

Johnson, A. R. (2018). Cardiorespiratory complexities. In Grand Canyon University
(Ed.), Pathophysiology clinical applications for client health (1st ed.). Retrieved
from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-
clienthealth/v1.1/#/chapter/1

Kirolos, I., Yakoub, D., Pendola, F., Picado, O., Kirolos, A., Levine, Y. C., Jha, S.,
Kabra, R., Cave, B., & Khouzam, R. N. (2019). Cardiac physiology in post-myocardial
infarction patients: The effect of cardiac rehabilitation programs—a systematic review
and update meta-analysis. Annals of Translational Medicine, 7(17), 416–416.
https://doi.org/10.21037/atm.2019.08.64

Zack, O., Melamed, S., Silber, H., Cinamon, T., Levy, D., & Moshe, S. (2022). The
effectiveness of case-management rehabilitation intervention in facilitating return to
work and maintenance of employment after myocardial infarction: Results of a
randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 026921552210768.
https://doi.org/10.1177/02692155221076826

REPLY

MV
Maricel Vieweg
Posted Date
Mar 10, 2022, 12:56 PM

Unread
Older adults have multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) making it difficult to manage their
healthcare needs aside from their functional deficits and social barriers adding to the
complexities. An evidenced-based management approach called Transitional Care
Model (TCM) have shown an improved health and economic outcomes for adults with
MCCs, who experienced high rates of post-discharge complications, readmissions, or
morbidity and mortality. TCM is a nurse-led intervention focusing on quality care and
better patient and family/caregiver outcomes. In utilizing this model, the patient care is
delivered and coordinated by a Transitional Care Nurse (TCN) usually an APRN, in
collaboration with the patients, their families/caregivers, physicians, and other members
of the health team. After the patient is discharged, the nurse conducts home visits
and/or scheduled telephone call to the patient based on the policy to identify if there’s a
change in patient’s health status and managing/preventing health problems and
readmission. The nurse also works in partnership with the patient’s physician to adjust
medication therapy. TCM is a multidisciplinary approach focusing on the unique needs
of the patients and their families (Hirschman et al. (2015).
Better Outcomes for Older Adults (BOOST) is another intervention model (toolkit) which
improves patients’ care as they transitioned from hospital to home. It has resources to
help senior adults who are high risk for readmissions manage their condition by
considering their individual needs, what matters to them, and the care that is aligned to
their cultures and beliefs. The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) is the third model
whose goal is to improve continuity of care across care settings and providers in a
patient-centered care. CTI is a low-intensity self-management program based on the
input from the patients and their caregivers which provides patients with tools, support,
and skills to navigate the healthcare system and manage their health conditions
effectively (Earl et al., 2020).
References
Earl, T., Katapodis, N., & Schneiderman, S. (2020). Making healthcare safer III: A
critical analysis of existing and emerging patient safety practices. Agency for Healthcare
Research and Quality.

Hirschman et al. (2015). Continuity of care: The transitional care model. OJIN: The
Online Journal of Issues in
Nursing, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol20No03Man01

Published

Assessment Description

Take a moment to explore your new classroom and introduce yourself to your fellow classmates. What are you excited about learning? What do you think will be most challenging?
Topic 1 DQ 1

Assessment Description

Identify a cardiac or respiratory issue and outline the key steps necessary to include for prevention and health promotion.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is another condition related to the heart. Affecting the lungs’ blood vessels, the constriction or wall thickening prevents blood flow and causes pressure build-up (American Heart Association [AHA], 2022). Pre-existing diseases such as congenital heart defects (CHD) can trigger secondary PAH. Atrial or ventricular septal defects cause a left-to-right- shunting of blood, causing too much blood flow through the lungs, increasing stress on the heart, and the high-pressure scars lung blood vessels (AHA, 2022). It is vital to repair congenital heart problems early, if possible, to try to reverse or prevent further damage to the vessels. Educating patients and families on CHD and PAH is vital to ensure they understand its impact on their lives. They must understand the importance of regular follow-ups with providers and taking medications as prescribed. PAH patients should avoid some activities, such as smoking, certain types of exercise, traveling to high-altitude locations, and avoiding estrogen forms of contraception and pregnancy (AHA, 2022). Preventing infections is essential; therefore, patients must be educated on the importance of vaccinations and routine dental exams. Some may need antibiotic therapy before dental procedures to prevent endocarditis. CHD is not preventable, and some patients are diagnosed as adults. Ensuring patients understand the disease and its impact on their lives, including what lifestyle changes they can make to improve their symptoms and prevent complications, is needed. Teaching gives patients the information needed to make the best health and well-being decisions, and additional resources such as websites, support groups, and community resources support continued learning.

Reference

American Heart Association. (2022). Pulmonary hypertension and chd. www.heart.org. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/congenital-heart-defects/the-impact-of-congenital-heart-defects/pulmonary-hypertension

Topic 1 DQ 2

Assessment Description

Discuss what resources are often necessary for nonacute care for cardiorespiratory issues. Explain how they support patient independence and decrease readmission.

https://www.onlinenursingessays.com/nrs-410-topic-1-cardiorespiratory-complexities-dqs-and-assignment/
Case Study: Mrs. J.
lopes-writeRequires LopesWrite

Start Date

Mar 7, 2022, 12:00 AM

Due Date

Mar 13, 2022, 11:59 PM

Points
120
Rubric
Status
Ungraded

Assessment Description

It is necessary for an RN-BSN-prepared nurse to demonstrate an enhanced understanding of the pathophysiological processes of disease, the clinical manifestations and treatment protocols, and how they affect clients across the life span.

Evaluate the Health History and Medical Information for Mrs. J., presented below.

Based on this information, formulate a conclusion based on your evaluation, and complete the Critical Thinking Essay assignment, as instructed below.

Health History and Medical Information

Health History

Mrs. J. is a 63-year-old married woman who has a history of hypertension, chronic heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite requiring 2L of oxygen/nasal cannula at home during activity, she continues to smoke two packs of cigarettes a day and has done so for 40 years. Three days ago, she had sudden onset of flu-like symptoms including fever, productive cough, nausea, and malaise. Over the past 3 days, she has been unable to perform ADLs and has required assistance in walking short distances. She has not taken her antihypertensive medications or medications to control her heart failure for 3 days. Today, she has been admitted to the hospital ICU with acute decompensated heart failure and acute exacerbation of COPD.

Subjective Data

  1. Is very anxious and asks whether she is going to die.
  2. Denies pain but says she feels like she cannot get enough air.
  3. Says her heart feels like it is “running away.”
  4. Reports that she is exhausted and cannot eat or drink by herself.

Objective Data

  1. Height 175 cm; Weight 95.5kg.
  2. Vital signs: T 37.6C, HR 118 and irregular, RR 34, BP 90/58.
  3. Cardiovascular: Distant S1, S2, S3 present; PMI at sixth ICS and faint: all peripheral pulses are 1+; bilateral jugular vein distention; initial cardiac monitoring indicates a ventricular rate of 132 and atrial fibrillation.
  4. Respiratory: Pulmonary crackles; decreased breath sounds right lower lobe; coughing frothy blood-tinged sputum; SpO2 82%.
  5. Gastrointestinal: BS present: hepatomegaly 4cm below costal margin.

Intervention

The following medications administered through drug therapy control her symptoms:

  1. IV furosemide (Lasix)
  2. Enalapril (Vasotec)
  3. Metoprolol (Lopressor)
  4. IV morphine sulphate (Morphine)
  5. Inhaled short-acting bronchodilator (ProAir HFA)
  6. Inhaled corticosteroid (Flovent HFA)
  7. Oxygen delivered at 2L/ NC

Critical Thinking Essay

In 750-1,000 words, critically evaluate Mrs. J.’s situation. Include the following:

  1. Describe the clinical manifestations present in Mrs. J.
  2. Discuss whether the nursing interventions at the time of her admissions were appropriate for Mrs. J. and explain the rationale for each of the medications listed.
  3. Describe four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure and what can be done in the form of medical/nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition.
  4. Taking into consideration the fact that most mature adults take at least six prescription medications, discuss four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients. Provide a rationale for each of the interventions you recommend.
  5. Provide a health promotion and restoration teaching plan for Mrs. J., including multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed. Explain how the rehabilitation resources and modifications will assist the patients’ transition to independence.
  6. Describe a method for providing education for Mrs. J. regarding medications that need to be maintained to prevent future hospital admission. Provide rationale.
  7. Outline COPD triggers that can increase exacerbation frequency, resulting in return visits. Considering Mrs. J.’s current and long-term tobacco use, discuss what options for smoking cessation should be offered.

You are required to cite to a minimum of two sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Topic 1 Participation

Start Date

Mar 7, 2022, 12:00 AM

Due Date

Mar 13, 2022, 11:59 PM

Points
32
Status
Published

Assessment Description

There is no description for this assessment.

Case Study: Mrs. J. – Rubric

Criteria Description

Clinical Manifestations of Mrs. J.

5. Excellent

12 points

Subjective and objective clinical manifestations are detailed. The clinical manifestations are accurate and clearly report the observed and perceived signs and symptoms.

4. Good

10.68 points

Subjective and objective clinical manifestations are described. Overall, the clinical manifestations are accurate and reflect observed and perceived signs and symptoms.

3. Satisfactory

9.48 points

Clinical manifestations are summarized. An overview of the general symptoms is presented. Some findings are incomplete.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

9 points

Clinical manifestations are partially presented. There are major omissions and inaccuracies.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Clinical manifestations are omitted.

Criteria Description

Evaluation of Nursing Interventions at Admissions

5. Excellent

12 points

Evaluation of appropriateness of nursing interventions at the time of admission is thoroughly discussed. A well-supported explanation for each of the medications listed is presented. Strong and compelling rationale is provided.

4. Good

10.68 points

Evaluation of appropriateness of nursing interventions at the time of admission is discussed. An explanation and general rationale for each of the medications listed are presented. Some information is required for accuracy or clarity.

3. Satisfactory

9.48 points

Evaluation of appropriateness of nursing interventions at the time of admission is summarized. A general explanation and some rationale for each of the medications listed are presented. There are minor inaccuracies.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

9 points

Evaluation of appropriateness of nursing interventions at the time of admission is partially presented. An incomplete explanation for each of the medications listed is presented. The discussion contains significant inaccuracies.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Evaluation of appropriateness of nursing interventions at the time of admission and explanation of the rationale for each of the medications listed are not discussed.

Criteria Description

Cardiovascular Conditions Leading to Heart Failure and Interventions

5. Excellent

12 points

Four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure are clearly described. Medical and nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition are discussed. Overall, the discussion demonstrates insight into medical and nursing interventions used to prevent heart failure.

4. Good

10.68 points

Four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure are described. Medical and nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition are discussed. There are minor inaccuracies, or information is needed for clarity.

3. Satisfactory

9.48 points

Four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure are summarized. Medical or nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition are generally discussed. There are some inaccuracies.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

9 points

Four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure are partially described. Medical or nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition are incomplete. There are significant inaccuracies.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Fewer than three cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure, and medical or nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition, are described.

Criteria Description

Nursing Interventions for Older Patients to Prevent Problems Caused by Multiple Drug Interactions

5. Excellent

12 points

Four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients are discussed. The discussion fulfills the assignment criteria and strong rationale for the interventions is provided.

4. Good

10.68 points

Four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients are discussed. Overall, the discussion meets assignment criteria and general rationale for the interventions is provided.

3. Satisfactory

9.48 points

Four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients are summarized. Overall, the discussion meets assignment criteria but requires more rationale for the interventions. There are minor inaccuracies.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

9 points

Four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients are partially presented.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Fewer than three nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients are presented.

Criteria Description

Health Promotion and Restoration Teaching Plan

5. Excellent

18 points

A well-developed health promotion and restoration teaching plan for the patient is presented. Multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed are clearly discussed. An strong explanation for how rehabilitation resources and modifications assist patient transition to independence is presented. The overall discussion is well-supported.

4. Good

16.02 points

A health promotion and restoration teaching plan for the patient is presented. Multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed are discussed. An explanation for how rehabilitation resources and modifications assist patient transition to independence is presented.

3. Satisfactory

14.22 points

A health promotion and restoration teaching plan for the patient is summarized. Multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed are generally presented. A summary for how rehabilitation resources and modifications assist patient transition to independence is presented. There are minor inaccuracies.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

13.5 points

A health promotion and restoration teaching plan for the patient is partially presented. Multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed are omitted or incomplete. An explanation for how rehabilitation resources and modifications assist patient transition to independence is omitted or incomplete.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

A health promotion and restoration teaching plan for the patient is omitted.

Criteria Description

Method for Providing Education to Prevent Hospital Readmissions

5. Excellent

18 points

A method for providing education to the patient for the maintenance of prescribed medications that prevents future hospital admissions is thoroughly described. The method is clearly appropriate for the client and prevents readmission. Strong rationale is provided for support.

4. Good

16.02 points

A method for providing education to the patient for the maintenance of prescribed medications that prevents future hospital admissions is described. Overall, the method is appropriate. General rationale is provided for support.

3. Satisfactory

14.22 points

A method for providing education to the patient for the maintenance of prescribed medications that prevents future hospital admissions is summarized. The method is generally appropriate. Some rationale is provided for support.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

13.5 points

A method for providing education to the patient for the maintenance of prescribed medications that prevents future hospital admissions is partially summarized. The method may not be relevant to for this situation. More information is needed. There are major inaccuracies.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

A method for providing education to the patient for the maintenance of prescribed medications that prevents future hospital admissions is omitted. The method is not appropriate for the client or health status.

Criteria Description

COPD Triggers and Options for Smoking Cessation

5. Excellent

12 points

All appropriate COPD triggers exacerbating return visits are clearly outlined. Strong options for smoking cessation are detailed and are highly relevant to the patient.

4. Good

10.68 points

Key COPD triggers exacerbating return visits are outlined. General options for smoking cessation relevant to the patient are summarized.

3. Satisfactory

9.48 points

General COPD triggers exacerbating return visits are generally presented. Some options for smoking cessation relevant to the patient are summarized. Some support or information is needed.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

9 points

Some COPD triggers exacerbating return visits are partially presented. Options for smoking cessation are incomplete; it is unclear if the options are relevant to the patient.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

COPD triggers exacerbating return visits and options for smoking cessation are omitted.

Criteria Description

Thesis Development and Purpose

5. Excellent

6 points

Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

4. Good

5.34 points

Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose.

3. Satisfactory

4.74 points

Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

4.5 points

Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim.

Criteria Description

Argument Logic and Construction

5. Excellent

6 points

Clear and convincing argument presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

4. Good

5.34 points

Argument shows logical progression. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative.

3. Satisfactory

4.74 points

Argument is orderly but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

4.5 points

Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources.

Criteria Description

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

5. Excellent

6 points

Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.

4. Good

5.34 points

Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used.

3. Satisfactory

4.74 points

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

4.5 points

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, or word choice are present.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used.

Criteria Description

Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)

5. Excellent

2.4 points

All format elements are correct.

4. Good

2.14 points

Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style.

3. Satisfactory

1.9 points

Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

1.8 points

Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Template is not used appropriately, or documentation format is rarely followed correctly.

Criteria Description

Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)

5. Excellent

3.6 points

Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

4. Good

3.2 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.

3. Satisfactory

2.84 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.

2. Less Than Satisfactory

2.7 points

Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Sources are not documented.

Total 120 points

Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

If you think you would be needing accommodations due to any reasons, please contact the appropriate department to request accommodations.

Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

 

 

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