NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses

Sample Answer for NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses Included After Question

The nurse I chose to discuss is Clara Louise Maass, who was a young nurse who is a significant figure in nursing history because of her dedication and service to humanity.  She was the only American woman to die during the yellow fever experiments. (Judd, 2013). When I read on about her, I now realize the hospital Clara Maass in NJ was named for her. She was born in East Orange, NJ in 1876 and died in Cuba 1901at the age very young age of 25.   Barton was the oldest of nine children and had always dreamed “to be someone and do something worthwhile” which she truly accomplished in such a short time. (Walker, 2002) When she was fifteen years old, she worked in an orphanage asylum as a housekeeper earning $10 a month working seven days a week.  Clara did this for two long years.   Then she saw notices calling for women to apply at Christina Trefz Training School for nurses and wanted to apply.  She was younger than the age requirement, but when they saw her hands were so chapped and worn out, they knew she was a hard worker, and she was accepted to the school.  Clara went on to being promoted as head nurse at the German Hospital she worked at and continued to educate others.  Her dedication went on to when she joined the United States Army as a contract nurse during the Spanish-American War.  Clara did not stop there.   When she learned about the yellow fever, she volunteered to be part of the experiment to help develop a vaccine.  She allowed herself to be bitten by several mosquitoes and recovered from it.  They were not able to make a vaccine form her blood, but she was so committed to helping others she did it again. 

I admire her efforts and dedication of helping others and her legacy lives on.  She has a hospital named after her Clara Maass Medical Center in NJ named after her and provides quality healthcare.  She was inducted to the Nursing Hall of fame and a US postage stamp was issued for her contribution to research.   Through her efforts, the Reed experiments led to the knowledge of how to control the breeding of these mosquitoes and prevent people from being infected.  Many years later they eventually identified the virus and made a vaccine grown in chicken eggs called 17-D.  (Walker, 2002) Through her selflessness she dedicated her life to helping others and has made the ultimate sacrifice.  She was a nurse leader in the way she taught others and a role model of dedication and caring. 

-Maribeth

References:

Walker, Marcena; 2002. A young woman’s lasting gift. Journal of Christian Nursing, Vol: 19 (3), p.27-29 Wolter’s Kluwer Health, Inc.

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Judd, D. (2013). A History of American Nursing. [VitalSourceBookshelf]. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781284044324/Links to an external site.

NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses

NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses

Title: NR 393 Week 4 Discussion: Impact of 19th Century Nurses

I have selected Mary Mahoney. This is a new name to me in nursing history. It was very interesting to read about her and her accomplishments in the article, Eyes on the Prize. Mary Mahoney exhibited her leadership abilities before becoming a nurse, as well as after, by attending nursing school, which was usually attended by white females, and with becoming the first African American nursing graduate to obtain a nursing license. She also fought for women’s equality for women of all races. Mary had goals during her life, and she worked to achieve those goals. Mary Mahoney was an inspiration in the nursing field so much that, “The Mary Mahoney Award, which is given every two years, recognizes individual nurses or groups of nurses who have made outstanding contributions to opening and advancing opportunities in nursing to members of minority groups” (Wessling, 2006). In demonstrating her leadership abilities, Mary Mahoney helped opened the door for other African American women to attend nursing school by helping them get enrolled in the same school she went to, the New England Hospital for Women and Children. She formed the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN), because of nursing education inequalities between white and black students. Mary Mahoney also was a director of the Howard Orphan Asylum for Black Children. (The Chronicle of Nursing, 2008). But Mary Mahoney did not stop there. She did private duty nursing for thirty years with many patients.

She treated her patients like family, and the patients were happy with her nursing care. Mahoney was so well received, that families from all over the country were requesting her for her nursing care. Besides nursing, Mary Mahoney fought for women’s rights. She supported the right to vote and was one of the first women to register to vote. I enjoyed learning some about Mary Mahoney. She opened the path for black women in nursing and stood up for what she believed in. All she wanted was fairness, treated as equally as white women in nursing, treated equally as a person, and the same opportunities. Well, Mary showed them! She leaves a legacy. She proved herself in leadership roles and with her nursing care. Mary Mahoney left such a good impression on her patients and the families, that others were requesting her to be their nurse. This is a nursing value that Mary left behind for other nurses to live up to.

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References

The Chronicle of Nursing. (February 1, 2008). Mary Eliza Mahoney. American Society of Registered Nurses. Retrieved from https://www.asrn.org/journal-chronicle-nursing/282-mary-eliza-mahoney.html Links to an external site. Wessling, S. (2006). Eyes on the prize. Minority Nurse.

Nurse Mahoney is always a popular selection and she always gives me a moment for pause.  As a woman of color, she faced many challenges in achieving her nursing education. Unfortunately, according to the minority report, there is still a large discrepancy in ethnicity and race in the nursing field.

Why do you feel those same challenges that Mary worked to overcome a century ago continues to be present as noted with a lack of diversity in nursing? how do you perceive this has affected patient care? 

I think some people that are from ethnic and racial diverse backgrounds also face economic, social, and environmental challenges.  Therefore, they may feel that becoming a nurse is not possible.  They may not know about financial assistance, they may not think that they have a chance at being a nurse as most others in the same race and ethnicity are not nurses, and perhaps they are not close to a school or have a way to get to a school.  They may also feel that they have no chance of getting admitted to a school due to their race or ethnicity.  Unfortunately, racism does still exist in America, and they may feel that nurses are white men and women, and that they would be chosen over them for entry into a nursing school.  This may not even be a factor, but they may feel that way anyway.  There is not that much advertising for nursing school, and I think there should be more as they say we are entering another nursing shortage, perhaps more advertising showing diversity and financial assistance should be done.  It is said if you want something bad enough you will find a way, but people need the information also.  Mary Mahoney had the perserverance to go for what she wanted.  Patient care is affected in that people of the same race know about their own culture and can relate better with the patient, and may make them feel more comfortable with their patient care.

I am a minority nurse and this conversation came up a week ago as I interviewed one of the nurse managers who are a minority. And asked why more minority nurses are not represented equally in so many areas. One thing I’ve come to realize is that minority nurses are not given the opportunity or informed of the avenues for growth.  When I say that let me explain or give an example. This institution had a lock of nurses in the swat unit. Now one of the qualifications is being an ICU nurse. This nurse was then the manager of the float pool which staff the entire hospital. She realized that a vast number of her staff were minorities and many of them were ICU nurses. She approached them and told them about the vacancy and that they met the qualification. They were also informed of other certifications they would need. This information was brought to the nurse leader and scheduling accommodations were made. The lack of representation at the bedside does affect patient outcomes. For example, I took my father to an appointment and just sat in the room the doctor was nice and respectful. However, like my dad who has no medical training was talking and so was the doctor they were having a conversation about two different things. My father used a layman’s term or a cultural term but means something different to the doctor. so I had to say something. Also, mistrust of patients can lead to negative outcomes. When patients do not see anyone that looks like them they become suspicious. On my unit, I’ve been asked to switch patients because of the situation.

I see a lot of struggle at my hospital for people of color to advance in their careers. I see some of our techs working and speaking to patients and I wish for them to become a nurse rather than stay at the same pay grade. I see so much potential in so many of them. I think in some cases, the responsibility seems too much or my coworkers enjoy what they do as is. However, in some cases, my coworkers worry to be able to afford school as well as be able to maintain full time status and get through a grueling program. It’s not an easy task unless you have tons of support. I think we should all make sure that we are actively valuing all of our coworkers for what they bring to the table and always encourage their dreams and help find ways to make it happen. Does that mean we have to fund someone’s career? No. But, sharing scholarship ideas helps and also just telling those coworkers they CAN make it happen and we believe in them makes a difference. 

I do love my diverse crowd at my hospital and unit. We have people from all over and especially when a patient speaks another language, it’s awesome to have nursing staff that speaks that same language to work with the patient. 

I think that patients of all backgrounds mostly enjoy diversity just as much as we want to be a diverse career path! Also, people of the same or similar cultures do enjoy working with people who understand their own faith and cultural values sometimes. This can be comforting to the patient although not necessary to care for people of a particular background, the camaraderie can be really nice. 

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