NUR 550 Research Design Comparison
NUR 550 Research Design Comparison
The proposed nursing practice problem is the lack of proper nursing education on Covid-19 vaccination. This nursing practice issue is selected because several studies reported that many people showed hesitancy to go for Covid-19 vaccines due to a lack of proper education on the essence of the vaccines in addressing the pandemic
Comparison 1: Translational Research vs. Qualitative Research
|Criteria||Peer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link: Berry, S. D., Goldfeld, K. S., McConeghy, K., Gifford, D., Davidson, H. E., Han, L., … & Mor, V. (2022). Evaluating the findings of the IMPACT-C randomized clinical trial to improve COVID-19 vaccine coverage in skilled nursing facilities. JAMA Internal Medicine, 182(3), 324-331. Doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.8067 Translational Research Type: T4||Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link: Lockyer, B., Islam, S., Rahman, A., Dickerson, J., Pickett, K., Sheldon, T., … & Bradford Institute for Health Research Covid‐19 Scientific Advisory Group. (2021). Understanding COVID‐19 misinformation and vaccine hesitancy in context: Findings from a qualitative study involving citizens in Bradford, UK. Health Expectations, 24(4), 1158-1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13240 Traditional Qualitative Research Type: Phenomenological study type||Observations (Similarities/Differences)|
|Methodology||This was a randomized controlled trial where a total of 7496 residents and 17963 staff of skilled nursing facilities were recruited. The intervention used was a multi-component approach with education regarding vaccination as the pillar.||This was a qualitative study conducted in the UK, where a total of 20 participants were involved. The study used in-depth phone interviews to interview individuals from different ethnic groups. A reflective thematic analysis was then conducted.||While the translational research used a randomized controlled trial and education at the center multi-component approach, qualitative research used in-depth interviews.|
|Goals||The main goal of this study was to find out if a multi-component vaccine education and campaign would increase COVID-19 vaccination rates among residents and staff in skilled nursing facilities.||The main goal of this study was to understand people’s COVID-19 beliefs, attitudes, and their interaction with information and misinformation during the COVID 19||Both research studies focused on issues surrounding vaccine uptake.|
|Data Collection||Data were mainly collected or obtained from the resident’s electronic medical record using the PointClick Care platform. Such data included vaccination status, minimum data set assessments, codes from the status or admission updates, and census data.||The data was collected through in-depth phone interviews and transcripts obtained from the recorded interviews.||While the translational research used electronic medical records as the major strategy for data collection, the qualitative research used in-depth phone interviews.|
Comparison 2: Translational Research vs. Quantitative Research
|Criteria||Peer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link: Zolotarova, T., Dussault, C., Park, H., Varsaneux, O., Basta, N. E., Watson, L., … & Kronfli, N. (2023). Education increases COVID-19 vaccine uptake among people in Canadian federal prisons in a prospective randomized controlled trial: The EDUCATE study. Vaccine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.01.040 Translational Research Type: T4||Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link: Li, P. C., Theis, S. R., Kelly, D., Ocampo, T., Berglund, A., Morgan, D., … & Burtson, K. (2022). Impact of an education intervention on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in a military base population. Military Medicine, 187(Special Issue_13), e1516-e1522. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usab363 Traditional Quantitative Research Type: Correlational research type||Observations (Similarities/Differences)|
|Methodology||This was a randomized controlled trial where patients who were unwilling to be vaccinated were randomized into two groups; an intervention group that received education and a control group.||This was a correlational study where a curriculum for vaccine hesitancy consisting of a PowerPoint presentation and a question-and-answer session was conducted. The educational content involved the effects of COVID-19, information on the vaccines, and common concerns or myths surrounding vaccines.||The translational research used an EDUCATE program as the major intervention, while the quantitative research used a PowerPoint presentation to deliver an educational program to the participants.|
|Goals||The purpose of this research was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine.||The major goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of educational programs on the hesitancy of taking the COVID-19 vaccine and reduce the rates of vaccine hesitancy.||Both research studies focused on determining the impact of educational intervention on COVID-19 uptake and vaccine hesitancy.|
|Data Collection||The data for this research was achieved by two self-administered paper questionnaires.||Data were mainly collected through a post-seminar questionnaire using SurveyMonkey. The questionnaire items were age, occupation, concerns before the seminar (and if they had been addressed), post-seminar opinion of the vaccine, the plan regarding COVID-19 vaccination, degree of trust in health care professionals, helpfulness of the seminar, and whether or not they would recommend the vaccine to others.||Both research studies used questionnaires to collect data, even though the questionnaires were formatted differently.|
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NUR 550 Research Design Comparison References
Berry, S. D., Goldfeld, K. S., McConeghy, K., Gifford, D., Davidson, H. E., Han, L., … & Mor, V. (2022). Evaluating the findings of the IMPACT-C randomized clinical trial to improve COVID-19 vaccine coverage in skilled nursing facilities. JAMA Internal Medicine, 182(3), 324-331. Doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.8067
Lockyer, B., Islam, S., Rahman, A., Dickerson, J., Pickett, K., Sheldon, T., … & Bradford Institute for Health Research Covid‐19 Scientific Advisory Group. (2021). Understanding COVID‐19 misinformation and vaccine hesitancy in context: Findings from a qualitative study involving citizens in Bradford, UK. Health Expectations, 24(4), 1158-1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13240
Li, P. C., Theis, S. R., Kelly, D., Ocampo, T., Berglund, A., Morgan, D., … & Burtson, K. (2022). Impact of an education intervention on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in a military base population. Military Medicine, 187(Special Issue_13), e1516-e1522. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usab363
Zolotarova, T., Dussault, C., Park, H., Varsaneux, O., Basta, N. E., Watson, L., … & Kronfli, N. (2023). Education increases COVID-19 vaccine uptake among people in Canadian federal prisons in a prospective randomized controlled trial: The EDUCATE study. Vaccine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.01.040
The purpose of this assignment is to conduct a comparison on diferent research designs to better understand
their designs and application. Understanding the diferent types of research design is important so that nurses
can efectively apply evidence-based research into practice to address issues and ofer better patient care.
You will utilize your approved nursing practice problem to complete the evidence-based practice project
proposal assignments for this course and NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a
fnal written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.
Review feedback from your instructor on your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identifcation of
Nursing Practice Problem,” submitted in Topic 1. If your original proposed nursing problem was outside the
scope of nursing practice or not conducive to an evidence-based practice project proposal, work with your
instructor to identify a new topic prior to beginning this assignment. If your proposed topic requires revision,
complete this prior to beginning this assignment.
Conduct a literature search on your approved nursing practice problem. Find two translational research
articles, one quantitative article, and one qualitative article. Using the “Translational Research Graphic
Organizer,” present your proposed topic and, in the tables provided, compare one translational study to the
quantitative study, and one translational study to the qualitative study.
Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of
the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.
You are required to cite four peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published
within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Page 11 Grand Canyon University 2023 © Prepared on: Jan 20, 2023
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and
documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the
APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar
with the expectations for successful completion.
You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.
Explain why biostatistics is important in population health research.
Biostatistics may assist determine the best efficient treatment strategy for a given population. This demands research techniques that support the investigation of the relationship between the individual patient and population reactions. On a microbiological level, such a study is now possible. Biostatisticians play an important role in public health, supporting scientists in assisting patient care assessments, better concentrating medical research, and making sense of all the available data.
The role of epidemiology in community health research and intervention.
Epidemiology detects illness spreading, reasons behind its source and cause, and strategies for their management; this requires knowledge of how political, social, and scientific variables interact to increase disease risk, making epidemiology a distinctive discipline. The health of populations is influenced by a variety of variables. Epidemiology is a branch of medicine that studies the state of people’s health, identifies risk factors, and investigates the links between health and various harmful substances.
How are epidemiology and biostatistics significant to your evidence-based practice proposal?
Biostatistics may support determining the best efficient treatment strategy for a given population. The objective of epidemic control is to not only discover the best approach to treat an affected person, but also to limit the spread of the disease across the community. Epidemiologists assist us in determining where a disease begins and who it is most susceptible to affect when it strikes a community. The data attained will be utilized to limit the disease’s spread and prevent future outbreaks. In recent years, the profession of public health has advocated for more evidence-based practice. Traditional epidemiological study methodologies borrowed from clinical medicine are often inadequate to draw findings that guide policy or practice at the population level due to the dynamic nature and complexity of public health evidence. Evidence-based public health practice aims to improve population health by combining science-based treatments with community desires.
Falzer, P. R. (2021). Evidence‐based medicine’s curious path: From clinical epidemiology to patient‐centered care through decision analysis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 27(3), 631-637.
Newman, A. B., Kritchevsky, S. B., Guralnik, J. M., Cummings, S. R., Salive, M., Kuchel, G. A., … & Ferrucci, L. (2020). Accelerating the search for interventions aimed at expanding the health span in humans: the role of epidemiology. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 75(1), 77-86.
Rao, P. S., & Richard, J. (2012). Introduction to biostatistics and research methods. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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