DISCUSS THE CHARACTERSISTIC FINDINGS OF IMMUNE DYSFUNCTION FOR EITHER HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS OR AIDS NRS 410

DISCUSS THE CHARACTERSISTIC FINDINGS OF IMMUNE DYSFUNCTION FOR EITHER HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS OR AIDS NRS 410

Topic 4 DQ 1

Discuss characteristic findings of immune dysfunction for either hypersensitivity reactions or AIDS. Explain what symptomology the patient would exhibit and how these symptoms may complicate daily living and relationships.

Class, are the incidence of HIV/AIDS decreasing or increasing? What do you or science contribute the change to?

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           According to the United States Government the new diagnosis of HIV has declined in the United States and even more so globally, (HIV.gov, 2022). They also stated that AIDS related deaths are in a decline too, (HIV.gov, 2022). I attribute the decline and agree with the information provided from HIV.gov regarding the increased access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) worldwide along with other preventative measures that that have been put into place. I believe educating people on the transmission has also played a part of the decrease with new diagnoses as it is a blood born pathogen spread most often through sexual contact or needle sharing. The ART medication regimens have decreased viral loads thereby decreasing the chances of spreading the disease when engaged in risky behaviors. With all this said I do tend to believe that the HIV virus will increase in frequency again as viruses mutate and people become more relaxed about prevention. I do not think this is a virus that will ever go away, although it would be a huge blessing if it did.

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HIV.gov. (2022, July 19). U.S. statistics. HIV.gov. https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/data-and

·  Barb McGraw

replied toAmanda Schouten

Aug 9, 2022, 4:21 PM

Replies to Amanda Schouten

Amanda, do you feel the stigma is still there, even though the rates are declining; or is the stigma declining as well?

·  Amanda Schouten

replied toBarb McGraw

Aug 11, 2022, 5:25 PM

Replies to Barb McGraw

Professor McGraw,

           I have no doubt the stigma is still there, but I do think people are trying to overcome that stigma. In a 2018 study it states that patients are “stigmatized as being poor, having a high number of sexual partners in their lifetime, and frequently engaging in other risky sexual behavior”, (Geter et al., 2018). I imagine that drug use is another stigma that floats around too. I used to work with a guy who lived with HIV, and he told me he never wanted anyone to know because patients would request not to get cared for by him. At the time he was in a monogamous relationship with another man but had gotten infected by a previous same gender sexual relationship. This history he shared did not help the stigma that existed with the disease but having the open conversation gave me an empathy I did not have previously. He was my friend, and I did not want that to change so I decided not to be afraid or to judge. I think talking about it helps with stigma and the modern acceptance for different lifestyles I imagine will foster more understanding of the disease.

Geter, A., Herron, A. R., & Sutton, M. Y. (2018). HIV-related stigma by healthcare providers in the United States: A systematic review. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 32(10), 418–424. https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2018.0114 

·  Barb McGraw

replied toAmanda Schouten

Aug 12, 2022, 6:43 PM

  • · 

Replies to Amanda Schouten

Amanda, likewise, my students have taken care of several patients, mostly male who are very willing to discuss their disease and care. Unfortunately, in my area, the PCP’s are of one practice. It makes me wonder why others do not have the HIV clients.

·  Sara Habib

replied toBarb McGraw

Aug 13, 2022, 10:41 PM

Replies to Barb McGraw

Hi,

I think as a health care professional there is less stigmatization of HIV patients than in past times. I do believe there is still an internalized stigma that comes when a person is diagnosed with HIV. The CDC reports that 8 in 10 adults feel internal stigmatization from their HIV status and it can lead to depression, isolation, and feelings of shame (HIV.gov, 2022). To help with coping with the diagnosis it is important for the nurse to provide proper education.

HIV.gov. (2022, July 21). Standing Up to Stigma. https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/making-a-difference/standing-up-to-stigma

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