Community Assessment and Analysis Presentation 2

NRS 428 Community Assessment and Analysis Presentation 2

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Community Assessment and Analysis Presentation 2

Community assessment entails an evaluation of a community’s needs that enables to identify existing resources and suitable strategies for executing them. A practical approach for evaluating available community resources is through community asset mapping. Asset mapping entails labeling resources such as organizational resources, persons’ skill sets, institutions, physical spaces, associations, and components of the local economy (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). This paper seeks to discuss a health problem in my community, St. Tammany Parish, LA, and assess the community’s capacity to resolve the health problem by community asset mapping.

Description of Community

According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau, St. Tammany Parish in Covington, Louisiana, is the 4th most populous ParishParish in the State of Louisiana out of 64 parishes with a population of 253,602. The male population is approximately 114,000 and female is 120,000. The racial-ethnic distribution in St. Tammany Parish  as per the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau includes 79.5% White, 11.7% Black, and 5.2% Hispanic. In 2015, residents had a median household income of $62,137. Nevertheless, 11.4% of people living in St. Tammany Parish live in poverty (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015). The median age is  39.8 years.

Health Problem

The identified health problem in St. Tammany Parish is obesity. Obesity is a lifestyle condition characterized by an excess of body fat. Obesity is the most prevalent nutritional-related lifestyle disorder affecting both children and adults. It is also the second cause of preventable mortality in the U.S (CDC, 2020). According to the Southern Surgical Hospital community health needs assessment,  the population with the highest risk of developing obesity in St. Tammany Parish includes adults 20 years and older. The CDC statistics, revealed that St. Tammany Parish had an adult obesity rate of 28.80% in 2015. The obesity rate was lower than the Louisiana State’s rate of 35.5%, ranked fifth in the U.S.

The high adult obesity rate has been attributed to physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking. The Department of Health State of Louisiana report revealed that St. Tammany Parish had an adult physical inactivity rate of 23.90%, excessive drinking rate of 20.10%, and smoking rate of 20.40%. Nevertheless, the community had access to exercise opportunities rate of 83.80%. The high obesity rate and poor health behaviors have been attributed to a marked increase in preventable hospital stay due to specific disease processes such as vascular disease and diabetes.

The residents of St. Tammany Parish face lifestyle, emotional, and cultural barriers, which makes a majority of obese individuals to not seek for obesity.  According to Southern Surgical Hospital, (2017) there are a few quality-driven programs in the Parish, that produce positive results for obese persons. Residents face barriers due to a shortage of specialists since those who provide obesity services are usually located in higher populated areas, and the residents are separated by long distances. Besides, it is difficult for residents to locate health professionals who specialize in bariatric intervention and weight loss management (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). Furthermore, most obese individuals often delay seeking healthcare due to emotional and psychological causes until they develop multiple comorbidities.

The Community’s Capacity To Resolve Adult Obesity

Building blocks are categorized as either primary, secondary, or potential. Primary building blocks refer to assets located in the community and controlled by residents and are usually readily available for rebuilding the neighborhood (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They can be individual assets such as talents, skills, personal businesses, home-based enterprises, personal income, and gifts of labeled people (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They can also be organizational assets such as Associations of businesses and citizens, organizations of culture, communications, and religion.

Secondary building blocks refer to assets found in the community but are controlled mainly by outsiders. They include Private and nonprofit organizations such as hospitals, higher education institutions, and social service agencies; Physical resources such as vacant land, commercial and industrial structures, and energy and waste resources (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). Public institutions such as public schools, libraries, police, and parks. Potential building blocks entail resources from outside the neighborhood and are controlled by outsiders (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They include public capital improvement expenditures, welfare expenditures, and public information.

Primary building blocks available in St. Tammany Parish that can help resolve adult obesity include gyms, health education groups, and health clubs (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). The primary building blocks, such as gyms, can be utilized by residents to engage in physical exercises to help in weight reductions and preventing overweight and obesity. Besides, health education groups and health clubs can be used to educate the residents on the health effects of obesity, interventions to avoid overweight and obesity, and practical strategies to reduce weight.

Secondary building blocks available include playgrounds, bike paths, parks, and hospitals (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). The secondary building blocks, such as playgrounds and parks, can be used by residents to engage in physical activities and eventually increase the community’s access to exercise opportunities. Hospitals can provide appropriate care to obese residents, such as health education on weight reduction and management, to prevent obesity comorbidities and promote better health outcomes. Tertiary building blocks available in the community include welfare expenditures and foundations which can be used to fund obesity prevention and management programs in the community.

Specific Contributions

My greatest contribution to the committee’s efforts to resolve obesity in St. Tammany Parish would be to establish how the building blocks can be effectively utilized to promote healthy behaviors. I can research the community’s utilization of building blocks and how the committee can enhance and encourage them to use the assets. Furthermore, I can identify the barriers to using the community’s assets and how to eradicate the barriers.


Obesity is a significant healthcare problem in St. Tammany Parish, LA, related to poor lifestyle behaviors. The Parish has an adult obesity rate of 28.8% and is associated with comorbidities such as diabetes and vascular diseases. Obese patients face challenges in seeking healthcare due to inadequate specialists, inadequate obesity programs, and lifestyle, emotional, and cultural barriers. Primary building blocks available in the community include gyms, health education groups, and health clubs. Secondary building blocks include playgrounds, bike paths, parks, and hospitals, and potential building blocks include welfare expenditures and foundations, which can significantly help solve the issue of obesity in the community.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, February 27). Obesity is a common, serious, and costly disease

Department of Health | State of Louisiana. (n.d.). State center for health statistics.

Kretzmann, J. P., & McKnight, J. L. (1996). Mapping community capacity. Northwestern University, Evanston.

Southern Surgical Hospital. (2017, November). Community Health Needs Assessment. Every Day Giving Excellence.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. Census Bureau QuickFacts.

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