Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis: NUR 550

NUR 550 Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis

Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

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In order for the policy’s benefits to be realized, the public must be educated. The majority of people do not participate in health screenings and tests because they are unaware of the significance of such an activity. At the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels, education is an important strategy for promoting health (Konchak, Moran, O’Brien, Kandula, & Ackermann, 2016). For starters, educated populations are more likely to adopt healthy lifestyles, resulting in fewer diabetes cases. Second, the education will aim to encourage population testing and screening behaviors in order to improve diabetes detection and management. According to studies, low-income people who are covered by Medicaid programs are more likely to be diagnosed with chronic illnesses and have their conditions treated on time, improving their prognosis.

From a Christian, professional, and moral standpoint, advanced registered nurses should advocate for and promote health, as well as prevent disease among populations. Through translational research, evidence-based practice measures are developed and tailored to specific health needs. A dissonance between a person and their surroundings that affects the body, mind, and spirit is defined as disease. Holistic and biomedical approaches can be combined to guide health promotion activities among nursing professionals. According to the Bible, health is an essential component of human life, which is why in the Old Testament, only whole animals were sacrificed (McDermott-Levy, Leffers & Mayaka, 2018).

Include the following in your presentation:

Describe the policy selected.
Discuss the diverse population that will be affected by this policy.
Explain how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population.
Discuss why the policy is financially sound and explain how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors. Provide rationale to support your explanation.
Describe what state, federal, global health policies, or goals the policy is related to and explain the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population.
Discuss advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis NUR 550
Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis NUR 550

population selected.
Discuss the professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective.
You are required to cite eight peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Also Check Out: Assignment: NUR 550 Translational Research and Population Health Management

Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:

MBA-MSN; MSN-Nursing Education; MSN Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Adult-Gerontology; MSN Family Nurse Practitioner; MSN-Health Informatics; MSN-Health Care Quality and Patient Safety; MSN-Leadership in Health Care Systems; MSN-Public Health Nursing

2.1: Examine financially sound health care policy that incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors.

2.2: Determine advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for diverse populations.

4.2: Integrate appropriate state, federal, and global health policies and goals into the design of equitable health care for populations.

4.3: Examine the professional and moral obligation of master’s-prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective.

 

Select a current or proposed health care policy that is designed to improve a specific population’s access to quality, cost-effective health care. In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words, include the following:

Explain the policy and how it is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the population. Is the policy financially sound? Why or why not? How does the policy account for any relevant ethical, legal, and political factors and the nursing perceptive one must consider when implementing it?

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What state, federal, or global health policies or goals is this policy related to? How well do you believe the policy is aimed at achieving those objectives?

Finally, discuss your advocacy strategies for ensuring that the policy’s benefits are available to your population. Explain, from a Christian perspective, an advanced registered nurse’s professional and moral obligation to advocate for and promote health and disease prevention among diverse populations.

To complete this assignment, you must cite five to ten sources. Sources must be recent (5 years) and relevant to the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Prepare this assignment in accordance with the APA Style Guide, which can be found in the Student Success Center. There is no need for an abstract. Population Health Policy Analysis as a Benchmark

A rubric is used in this Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis: NUR 550 assignment. Please review the rubric before beginning the assignment to become acquainted with the requirements for successful completion.

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis SAMPLE

Diabetes-related mortality and morbidity remain twice as high in people of color as in people of non-Hispanic whites. Diabetes affects an alarmingly higher proportion of African American adults (12.6%) than the general non-Hispanic white population (7.1%). (Berkowitz et al., 2015). As a result, minorities are more likely than whites to be hospitalized for diabetes-related complications like diabetes retinopathy, lower leg amputations, and end-stage renal disease. To successfully address health disparities among ethnic or racial minorities, multifactorial approaches, including health care policy, will be required, but they will not suffice.

This is especially true when it comes to diabetic self-management. The Affordable Care Act is a healthcare policy that aims to improve the quality of healthcare for African Americans while keeping costs low. The Affordable Care Act was designed to expand insurance coverage in order to increase access to healthcare services. While the Affordable Care Act had measures that applied to all socioeconomic categories, the majority of the law’s provisions targeted to increase access to healthcare for low-income people of color, primarily African Americans (Buchmueller, Levinson, Levy, & Wolfe, 2016). Federal government subsidies aim to expand Medicaid eligibility to every American with an income up to 138% of the federal poverty level, and large premium subsidies have been set aside for those with incomes between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level who can purchase insurance on the recently created exchange. The number of uninsured African Americans fell considerably in 2014 as a result of the Affordable Care Act, compared to whites (Schmittdiel et al., 2017). Primary care has improved significantly since the Affordable Care Act’s introduction, as clinicians have focused on the sickest, “high need, high cost” patients who account for the majority of national health spending, making the policy financially sound. Healthcare expenses have fallen and quality has improved as a result of the method, as clinicians are now reimbursed based on their results (quality) rather than their workload (quantity).

In June 2012, the supreme court upheld the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) policy which was aimed at providing guidance to the state, employers, insurers and consumers on what is expected of them when implementing the ACA, to avoid ethical, legal or political disparities (Griffith, Evans, & Bor, 2017). The PPACA comprises of reforms such as expanding Medicaid eligibility, preventing insurers from repudiating coverage for pre-existing health conditions, giving incentives for enterprises to provide health care benefits and subsidizing insurance premiums. When implementing the policy, the nursing perspective of not dropping a client in case they become ill by insurance companies is also included in the PPACA (Islam et al., 2015). As a nurse, it is important to ensure that the policy ensures ethical rights of the patient such as, improved quality of health, freedom of choice for the patient on “who”, “when”, and “where” they can access health care, and affordability of healthcare.

With the emergence of the Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), under the ACA, healthcare organizations have incentives to prioritize on population-centered health and collaborate with providers, clients and other healthcare personnel’s in the public health, social service sector, and community, to broaden the impact of the health system, control health costs, and promote quality in healthcare so as to reduce the burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes and improve healthcare outcome (Myerson, & Laiteerapong, 2016). Given that the burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes is increasing especially among ethnic or racial minorities, the policy is aimed at creating evidence-based interventions to address diabetes management in both community and healthcare settings to achieve the goal of ending disease burden among ethnic minorities such as African Americans.

SAMPLE 2

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis

Policy Description and its Implications on Health Delivery

The burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes is becoming enormous therefore necessitating the development of policies and effective approaches to address them at the local, state and federal levels. The cost of diabetes management and treatment was estimated to be $245 billion in 2012 and it is postulated that it may continue to increase (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Implementation of the Affordable Care Act policy meant to improve public health by increasing the access to health services by the population. The policy was developed in 2010 with the purpose of improving access to care, enhance quality of care delivery, reduce medical costs and provide new consumer protection. The policy resulted in the expansion of the Medicaid program. The design in this step was to fill gaps in the Medicaid eligibility and this means that the number of people benefiting from the program would significantly increase.

The cost projection for the ACA was $940 billion for the period between 2010 and 2019. In this plan, the health budget deficit would be reduced by $143 billion (Blewett, Planalp, & Alarcon, 2018). The insurance plan would reduce the cost of medication and make preventive healthcare affordable to the American populations (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Importantly, patients suffering from chronic conditions such as diabetes require regular healthcare check-up and monitoring. With this program, the majority of the populations are able to access medical services as expected and this leads to improved prognosis. From the cost-effective aspect, the policy is financially sound.

The level of access to healthcare services depends on various factors including the socio-economic status. The ACA works to bridge the existing gaps between the rich and poor patients presenting with diabetes in terms of access to healthcare services. From an ethical perspective, the policy promotes equity. Healthcare professionals including the nurses are expected to serve the patients with equity and fairness. On the other hand, financial limitations may hinder the realization of such a goal and perspective in nursing practice. However, with the implementation of this policy, the disparity in health access is addressed. With the expansion of the Medicaid, the states would get 100% federal funding for the first three years after which, it would be reduced to 90% (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Furthermore, various strategies have been incorporated under the policy to ensure that healthcare providers deliver the most beneficial and high-quality services to the patients.

The Scope of the Policy

Initially, the states administered the Medicaid programs as guided by the federal policies; though, they were mandated to determine the eligibility, provider payment levels, and the benefits. The income levels for the eligibility were strict compared to the provisions in the new policy. Furthermore, no special considerations were made for patients with disabilities, elderly without dependent children and the non-pregnant women (Schembri & Ghaddar, 2018). Therefore, the policy was developed with collaboration between the state and the federal government. However, most of the regulations would be done by the federal government. For example, the states that failed to expand Medicaid to accommodate more people would lose federal funding. A larger portion of the healthcare funding would come from the federal government under the new policy.

The design and scope of the policy are well developed to meet the intended goal. The insurance agencies monitor the activities of the healthcare providers to ensure that they are giving their best in terms of quality service delivery. Various parameters such as the readmission within 30 days, number of days patient stay in the hospital and nosocomial infection rates among others have been used in monitoring the performance of the healthcare facilities (Hilliard, Liebenberg, Liebenberg, & Ruhland, 2018). Therefore, all institutions are obliged to comply with the provisions by offering high-quality care services to the patients and in the process improve their outcomes and minimize their spending. With the implementation of the new policy, the number of patients with diabetes covered in the Medicaid program increased significantly. This indicates that diabetes care would improve and the financial barriers limiting their access and utilization of the healthcare services reduced. On the other hand, despite the introduction of the policy, the number of people going for health screening has remained significantly low (American Diabetes Association, 2016). As a result, the measures to improved health outcomes for diabetes patients are thwarted because the number of undiagnosed diabetes patients is likely to remain high.

The Advocacy Strategies to Promote Access to the Benefits of the Policy

From the ethical and professional perspective, the nurses ought to comply with the ethical principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence among others. The ethical principles require that advanced registered nurse practitioners to engage all possible interventions in ensuring the most beneficial outcomes to the patients (Bastable, 2017). Health promotion activities aimed at promoting public health by minimizing diseases and suffering among the people. In the process, healthcare providers must understand the specific health needs of the defined populations. For example, the diabetes patients are in great need of the self-care skills which included proper adherence to the medication and observing an appropriate lifestyle. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis NUR 550

Conclusion

            Therefore, the ACA has played an integral role in ensuring that diabetics in the United States receive high quality care. The scope and design of the policy is such that both the federal and state governments participate in the implementation of the ACA. The entire process has influenced the role of Advanced Practice Nurses as they work to promote it and advocate for its implementation.

References

American Diabetes Association. (2016). 1. Strategies for improving care. Diabetes Care39(Supplement 1), S6-S12.

Bastable, S. B. (2017). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Blewett, L. A., Planalp, C., & Alarcon, G. (2018). Affordable Care Act Impact in Kentucky: Increasing Access, Reducing Disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 108(7), 924–929. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304413

Herman, W. H., & Cefalu, W. T. (2015). Health policy and diabetes care: is it time to put politics aside?. Diabetes Care38(5), 743-745.

Hilliard, J. I., Liebenberg, A. P., Liebenberg, I. A., & Ruhland, J. (2018). The Market Impact of the Supreme Court Decision Regarding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Evidence from the Health Insurance Industry. Journal of Insurance Issues, 41(2), 135–167

Konchak, J. N., Moran, M. R., O’Brien, M. J., Kandula, N. R., & Ackermann, R. T. (2016). The state of diabetes prevention policy in the USA following the affordable care act. Current diabetes reports16(6), 55.

McDermott-Levy, R., Leffers, J., & Mayaka, J. (2018). Ethical Principles and Guidelines of Global Health Nursing Practice. Nursing Outlook66(5), 473-481.

Schembri, S., & Ghaddar, S. (2018). The Affordable Care Act, the Medicaid Coverage Gap, and Hispanic Consumers: A Phenomenology of Obamacare. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 52(1), 138–165. https://doi.org/10.1111/joca.12146

The term “health equity” refers to the absence of systematic health inequalities. While this state is usually referred to in aspirational terms, because inequalities are pervasive and may never be eliminated, the policy goal of moving toward health equity implies efforts to reduce health inequalities to a bare minimum. It is therefore “an ethical concept, grounded in the principle of distributive justice” and connected to a field of research that is “unavoidably politicized.” Advocacy is acknowledged as a means of promoting policies that aid in the improvement of health equity. These policies address SDH through universal service provision, as part of strategies to improve the health of disadvantaged groups, or by “leveling up” the health of less advantaged groups in society to that of more advantaged groups. Throughout the last two decades, national policies have been implemented in stages to reduce and eliminate health disparities, and more recently, to achieve the highest level of care among all population groups across America (i.e., health equity) (Williams et al., 2015).

As an advanced registered nurse, I hope to use evidence proven by research to influence decision makers and other stakeholders to support or implement policies that contribute to improving health equity. A potential barrier would be a lack of representation and an inability to persuade policymakers of the existence or severity of certain health disparities. Promoting greater adoption and enforcement of human rights legislation in international and national legislatures would provide “legislative hooks” onto which advocacy efforts could latch. Job shadowing activities could be another way to improve communication between researchers and policymakers. Such activities would increase interactions and working relationships between policymakers and researchers, assisting in bringing research evidence to decision-making processes more efficiently, educating policymakers about the world of science and the validity of evidence, and informing researchers about the “messy and nonlinear” processes and data needs of the policymaking world (Farrer et al., 2015).

The Professional and Moral Obligation of Advanced Registered Nurses to Respect Human Dignity and Advance the Common Good Through Working to Promote Health and Prevent Disease Among Diverse Populations from a Christian Perspective (4.3) 15.0% A discussion of the professional and moral obligation of advanced registered nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective is not included. A discussion of the professional and moral obligation of advanced registered nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. A discussion of the professional and moral obligation of advanced registered nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective is present. A discussion of the professional and moral obligation of advanced registered nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective is clearly provided and well developed. A comprehensive discussion of the professional and moral obligation of advanced registered nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective is thoroughly developed with supporting details. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis

Re: Topic 8 DQ 2

“Health equity” refers to a state characterized by the absence of systematic inequalities in health. While this state is usually referred to in aspirational terms, because inequalities are pervasive and arguably will never be eliminated, the policy goal of moving toward health equity implies attempts to reduce health inequalities to a minimal level. It is therefore “an ethical concept, grounded in the principle of distributive justice” and connected to a field of research that is “unavoidably politicized.” Advocacy is recognized as a means of promoting policies that help improve health equity. These policies take action on the SDH, either through universal provision of services, as part of strategies to improve the health of disadvantaged groups, or by “leveling up” the health of less advantaged groups to that enjoyed by more advantaged groups in society. National policies have been implemented in phases throughout the last two decades to reduce and eliminate health disparities, and more recently, attain the highest level of care among all population groups across America (i.e., health equity) (Williams et al., 2015).

As an advanced registered nurse, I hope to use evidence proven by research to influence decision makers and other stakeholders to support or implement policies that contribute to improving health equity. Possible challenge would include lack of representation and inability to convince policy makers of the existence or severity of certain health disparities. Promoting greater uptake and enforcement of human rights legislation in international and national legislatures would provide “legislative hooks” for advocacy efforts to latch on to. Job shadowing activities could be another method to increase understanding between researchers and policymakers. Such activities would increase interactions and build working relationships between policymakers and researchers, thereby helping bring research evidence more efficiently to decision-making processes, educate policymakers about the world of science and the validity of evidence, and inform researchers about the “messy and nonlinear” processes and data needs of the policymaking world (Farrer et al., 2015)

Reference

Farrer, L., Marinetti, C., Cavaco, Y. K., & Costongs, C. (2015). Advocacy for health equity: a synthesis review. The Milbank quarterly93(2), 392–437. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12112

Williams, J. S., Walker, R. J., & Egede, L. E. (2016). Achieving Equity in an Evolving Healthcare System: Opportunities and Challenges. The American journal of the medical sciences351(1), 33–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2015.10.012

 

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 3 REFERENCES)

 

This is insightfulNgozi; healthcare equity involves the provision of quality healthcare services to all the population irrespective of their levels of income, race, places of origin, age, as well as their location. The major role of the health department is to ensure equitable distribution of healthcare services and to ensure improvement in the general health of the population (Williams et al., 2016). Given that it is difficult to eradicate inequalities, there are always attempts to try and reduce cases of inequalities in terms of healthcare resources. Registered nurses have full responsibilities in ensuring the provision of equitable healthcare services (Cookson et al., 2018). They can reach out to governmental institutions to try and ensure equality of healthcare services. National policies have been implemented in phases throughout the last two decades to reduce and eliminate health disparities, and more recently, attain the highest level of care among all population groups across America (Lane et al., 2017). Some of the challenges that may be encountered in advocating for equitable healthcare services include healthcare policies, unequal distribution of healthcare resources, as well as legislative challenges.

References

Cookson, R., Asaria, M., Ali, S., Shaw, R., Doran, T., & Goldblatt, P. (2018). Health equity monitoring for healthcare quality assurance. Social Science & Medicine198, 148-156. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953618300042

Lane, H., Sarkies, M., Martin, J., & Haines, T. (2017). Equity in healthcare resource allocation decision making: a systematic review. Social science & medicine175, 11-27. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277953616306827

Williams, J. S., Walker, R. J., & Egede, L. E. (2016). Achieving Equity in an Evolving Healthcare System: Opportunities and Challenges. The American journal of the medical sciences351(1), 33–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2015.10.012

Required Sources 5.0% Sources are not included. Number of required sources is only partially met. Number of required sources is met, but sources are outdated or inappropriate. Number of required sources is met. Sources are current, but not all sources are appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content. Number of required resources is met. Sources are current, and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis NUR 550

Organization and Effectiveness 20.0%
Thesis Development and Purpose 7.0% Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear. Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose. Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

Argument Logic and Construction 8.0% Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility. Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis NUR 550

Topic 8 DQ 1
Discuss the role of translational research in advancing equitable access to health care and preventative services and policies based on population health. Provide an example of a local health care policy that has been recently enacted and or is awaiting legislative passage that has been influenced by research.
Re: Topic 8 DQ 1
Translational research identifies gaps in healthcare and allows researchers the opportunity to develop evidence based research which can then transition into evidence based practice with a goal to ultimately improve patient outcomes. New York State sGovernor Andrew Cuomo signed a bill on february 16th 2021 allowed AAdvanced care providers the ability to distribute identification cards for individuals suffering with Chrons, colitis, or requirmeing ostomy care. This bill was passed to aid individuals who are suffering with Chrons and colitis. This Bill gives those individuals access to employee restroom facilities at businesses open to the public for the sale of goods and services. Meaning, customers or employees meeting criteria for a Chrons and Colitis identification card are allowed to request the use of the employee restroom whether they are an employee, paying customer, or not. This is a milestone for individuals suffering with chrons and requires the use of an ostomy. Ostomy care requires continuous care, and allows for the opportunity to provide care, and change/manage ostomy sites appropriately and within a timely manner. Translational research was able to identify the lack of availability to restrooms for these individuals. A study conducted by Popove et al., identified the emotional, physical and psychological struggles individuals face while living with these healthcare conditions, including arranging special accommodations with school and work for frequent restroom access and clinic appointments (Popev et al., 2021). While Chrons and Colitis are not as commonly spoken about in a public setting, the passing of this bill can hopefully provide comfort to those struggling and support that these struggles are being identified.
NY state Senate Bill S870. NY State Senate. (2021, February 16). https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/bills/2021/s870.
Popov, J., Farbod, Y., Chauhan, U., Kalantar, M., Hill, L., Armstrong, D., … & Kaasalainen, S. (2021). Patients’ Experiences and Challenges in Living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Approach. Clinical and experimental gastroenterology, 14, 123.
Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NUR-550 NUR-550-O503 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis 100.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less Than Satisfactory (80.00%) Satisfactory (88.00%) Good (92.00%) Excellent (100.00%)

“Advocacy Strategies for Improving Access, Quality, and Cost-Effective Health Care
(C2.2)” 10.0% Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are not discussed. Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are incomplete. General advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are summarized. More information and support are needed. Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. Well-developed advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed.
“Examination of Responsibilities of Master’s Prepared Nurses
(C4.3)” 10.0% The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are not discussed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are only partially discussed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are summarized. Some aspects are unclear. Rationale or support is needed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are adequately discussed. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. “Well-developed advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed.
The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are thoroughly discussed. The narrative is insightful and well supported.”
Presentation of Content 15.0% The content lacks a clear point of view and logical sequence of information. Includes little persuasive information. Sequencing of ideas is unclear. The content is vague in conveying a point of view and does not create a strong sense of purpose. Includes some persuasive information. The presentation slides are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization or in their relationships to each other. The content is written with a logical progression of ideas and supporting information exhibiting a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Includes persuasive information from reliable sources. The content is written clearly and concisely. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The project includes motivating questions and advanced organizers. The project gives the audience a clear sense of the main idea.
Layout 10.0% The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings, and subheadings to enhance the readability. The text is extremely difficult to read with long blocks of text, small point size for fonts, and inappropriate contrasting colors. Poor use of headings, subheadings, indentations, or bold formatting is evident. The layout shows some structure, but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or a distracting background. Overall readability is difficult due to lengthy paragraphs, too many different fonts, dark or busy background, overuse of bold, or lack of appropriate indentations of text. The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately. Sometimes the fonts are easy to read, but in a few places the use of fonts, italics, bold, long paragraphs, color, or busy background detracts and does not enhance readability. The layout background and text complement each other and enable the content to be easily read. The fonts are easy to read and point size varies appropriately for headings and text. The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space. Text is appropriate in length for the target audience and to the point. The background and colors enhance the readability of the text.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Slide errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Slides are largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. Writer is clearly in control of standard, written, academic English.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.