NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Sample Answer for NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies Included After Question

In this Assignment, you will identify clinical areas of interest and inquiry and practice searching for research in support of maintaining or changing these practices. You will also analyze this research to compare research methodologies employed. NURS 6052 Wk 3 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project – Matrix Worksheet Template

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and identify a clinical issue of interest that can form the basis of a clinical inquiry.
  • Based on the clinical issue of interest and using keywords related to the clinical issue of interest, search at least four different databases in the Walden Library to identify at least four relevant peer-reviewed articles related to your clinical issue of interest. You should not be using systematic reviews for this assignment, select original research articles.
  • Review the results of your peer-reviewed research and reflect on the process of using an unfiltered database to search for peer-reviewed research.
  • NURS 6052 Wk 3 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project – Matrix Worksheet Template
  • Reflect on the types of research methodologies contained in the four relevant peer-reviewed articles you selected.

Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry

Create a 4- to 5-slide PowerPoint presentation in which you do the following:

  • Identify and briefly describe your chosen clinical issue of interest.
  • Describe how you used keywords to search on your chosen clinical issue of interest.
  • Identify the four research databases that you used to conduct your search for the peer-reviewed articles you selected.
  • Provide APA citations of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected.

Part 2: Identifying Research Methodologies

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After reading each of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected, use the Matrix Worksheet template to analyze the methodologies applied in each of the four peer-reviewed articles. Your analysis should include the following:

  • The full citation of each peer-reviewed article in APA format.
  • A brief (1-paragraph) statement explaining why you chose this peer-reviewed article and/or how it relates to your clinical issue of interest, including a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest. NURS 6052 Wk 3 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project – Matrix Worksheet Template
  • A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article.
  • A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the research methodology used. Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific.
  • A brief (1- to 2-paragraph) description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies
Title: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies Use this document to complete Part 2 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry and Part 2: Research Methodologies

CLCIK HERE TO ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Asgharipour, N., Shariati, M., & Borhani, M. (2017). Assessment of guided imagery effect on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences11(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.547. Bozorg-Nejad, M., Azizkhani, H., Mohaddes Ardebili, F., Mousavi, S. K., Manafi, F., & Hosseini, A. F. (2018). The Effect of Rhythmic Breathing on Pain of Dressing Change in Patients with Burns Referred to Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital. World journal of plastic surgery7(1), 51–57. Kaheni, S., Sadegh Rezai, M., Bagheri-Nesami, M., & Goudarzian, A. H. (2016). The effect of distraction technique on pain of dressing change among 3-6-year-old children. International Journal of Pediatrics4(4), 1603-1610. Li, J., Zhou, L., & Wang, Y. (2017). The effects of music intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC complementary and alternative medicine17(1), 158. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1669-4
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) The article was selected because it examines the effect of guided imagery, a non-pharmacological approach, on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. It relates to my clinical issue of interest since it addresses a non-pharmacological intervention that can alleviate pain when managing burn patients.

Ethics of research related to my clinical issue of interest include maintaining the confidentiality of the study participants’ health information (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article relates to my issue of interest since it examines the effect of non-pharmacologic pain therapy on Rhythmic breathing, on pain of dressing change in patients with burns.

Nonmaleficence and beneficence need to be upheld by ensuring that the study interventions do not harm the subject, but instead, they benefit from the interventions by improving their experience (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article was selected because it discusses how distraction techniques can be used during dressing change among children 3-6 year-olds. The article relates to my issue of interest because this age group accounts for the highest number of burn patients.

Nonmaleficence and beneficence need to be upheld by ensuring that the study interventions do not harm the subject, but instead, they benefit from the interventions by improving their experience (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article was selected for review since it discusses the effect of music as a non-pharmacological pain intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures. It relates to my issue of interest since it informs readers of music therapy as one of the non-pharmacological approaches to lower patient’s perception of pain during burns management.
Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article The study aimed to assess the effect of guided imagery on reducing anxiety and pain due to dressing changes in burn patients. The study was conducted to determine the effect of rhythmic breathing on pain of dressing change in patients with burns. To determine the effect of distraction on pain of dressing change in second-degree burns in 3-6-year-old children. The study was informed by previous studies, which reveal that distraction techniques have a significant effect on patients’ pain. To evaluate the effects of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of music interventions for burn patients during treatment procedures and to provide recommendations for future research and clinical practice.

 

Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. The study employed a quantitative randomized control trial, with the intervention group receiving guided imagery in addition to the routine care, while the control group only received the routine care.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The study used a qualitative semi-experimental randomized control trial. Subjects in the test group were individually and orally trained on rhythmic breathing, while the control group was not provided any rhythmic breathing training. The study employed a quantitative randomized controlled trial study in which video computer games were used as the intervention for the interventional group.

 

The study conducted a systematic literature review on the clinical application of music therapy on burn patients using databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Psychinfo, VIP, and CNKI. The study employed a quantitative method, which revealed how many studies demonstrated the intervention’s impact in reducing the pain. The literature search focused on two key concepts: music interventions, such as music, music therapy and music medicine, and physical activity outcomes including pain, anxiety, burn characteristics, dressing changes, wound care, debridement, and rehabilitation.

 

A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. A quantitative randomized control trial in the study promotes its validity since it demonstrates that guided imagery technique can significantly reduce pain and anxiety among burn patients. The methodology also enables the researcher to identify the differences in scores between the interventional and control groups, which determine the intervention’s impact. The use of a semi-experimental randomized control trial in the study increased its reliability and validity by demonstrating the significant difference in reducing pain in the test group throughout the study. The randomized control trial employed by in the study, increases the reliability of the findings since it shows the impact of the intervention through the test and control groups. The use of a systematic literature review in the study increases its reliability and validity since it is based on findings by other research studies.
General Notes/Comments The article will provide evidence-based information on how guided imagery can reduce the level of anxiety and pain due to dressing change in burn patients. The article will provide information on the effectiveness of Rhythmic breathing in pain reduction of dressing change in patients with burn injuries. The article will provide information on whether intervention has a significant positive effect on the pain of dressing change in children. The article will reveal if there is a positive correlation between treatments including music interventions and pain alleviation, anxiety relief, and heart rate reduction in burn patients.

References

Asgharipour, N., Shariati, M., & Borhani, M. (2017). Assessment of guided imagery effect on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences11(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.547.

Bozorg-Nejad, M., Azizkhani, H., Mohaddes Ardebili, F., Mousavi, S. K., Manafi, F., & Hosseini, A. F. (2018). The Effect of Rhythmic Breathing on Pain of Dressing Change in Patients with Burns Referred to Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital. World journal of plastic surgery7(1), 51–57. PMCID: PMC5890366

Kaheni, S., Sadegh Rezai, M., Bagheri-Nesami, M., & Goudarzian, A. H. (2016). The effect of distraction technique on pain of dressing change among 3-6-year-old children. International Journal of Pediatrics4(4), 1603-1610. DOI:10.22038/IJP.2016.6699

Li, J., Zhou, L., & Wang, Y. (2017). The effects of music intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC complementary and alternative medicine17(1), 158. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1669-4.

Matrix Worksheet Template

 

Matrix Worksheet Template

 

Use this document to complete Part 2 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry and Part 2: Research Methodologies

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Asgharipour, N., Shariati, M., & Borhani, M. (2017). Assessment of guided imagery effect on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences11(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.547. Bozorg-Nejad, M., Azizkhani, H., Mohaddes Ardebili, F., Mousavi, S. K., Manafi, F., & Hosseini, A. F. (2018). The Effect of Rhythmic Breathing on Pain of Dressing Change in Patients with Burns Referred to Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital. World journal of plastic surgery7(1), 51–57. Kaheni, S., Sadegh Rezai, M., Bagheri-Nesami, M., & Goudarzian, A. H. (2016). The effect of distraction technique on pain of dressing change among 3-6-year-old children. International Journal of Pediatrics4(4), 1603-1610. Li, J., Zhou, L., & Wang, Y. (2017). The effects of music intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC complementary and alternative medicine17(1), 158. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1669-4
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) The article was selected because it examines the effect of guided imagery, a non-pharmacological approach, on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. It relates to my clinical issue of interest since it addresses a non-pharmacological intervention that can alleviate pain when managing burn patients.

Ethics of research related to my clinical issue of interest include maintaining the confidentiality of the study participants’ health information (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article relates to my issue of interest since it examines the effect of non-pharmacologic pain therapy on Rhythmic breathing, on pain of dressing change in patients with burns.

Nonmaleficence and beneficence need to be upheld by ensuring that the study interventions do not harm the subject, but instead, they benefit from the interventions by improving their experience (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article was selected because it discusses how distraction techniques can be used during dressing change among children 3-6 year-olds. The article relates to my issue of interest because this age group accounts for the highest number of burn patients.

Nonmaleficence and beneficence need to be upheld by ensuring that the study interventions do not harm the subject, but instead, they benefit from the interventions by improving their experience (Yip, Han & Sng, 2016).

The article was selected for review since it discusses the effect of music as a non-pharmacological pain intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures. It relates to my issue of interest since it informs readers of music therapy as one of the non-pharmacological approaches to lower patient’s perception of pain during burns management.
Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article The study aimed to assess the effect of guided imagery on reducing anxiety and pain due to dressing changes in burn patients. The study was conducted to determine the effect of rhythmic breathing on pain of dressing change in patients with burns. To determine the effect of distraction on pain of dressing change in second-degree burns in 3-6-year-old children. The study was informed by previous studies, which reveal that distraction techniques have a significant effect on patients’ pain. To evaluate the effects of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of music interventions for burn patients during treatment procedures and to provide recommendations for future research and clinical practice.

 

Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. The study employed a quantitative randomized control trial, with the intervention group receiving guided imagery in addition to the routine care, while the control group only received the routine care.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The study used a qualitative semi-experimental randomized control trial. Subjects in the test group were individually and orally trained on rhythmic breathing, while the control group was not provided any rhythmic breathing training. The study employed a quantitative randomized controlled trial study in which video computer games were used as the intervention for the interventional group.

 

The study conducted a systematic literature review on the clinical application of music therapy on burn patients using databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Psychinfo, VIP, and CNKI. The study employed a quantitative method, which revealed how many studies demonstrated the intervention’s impact in reducing the pain. The literature search focused on two key concepts: music interventions, such as music, music therapy and music medicine, and physical activity outcomes including pain, anxiety, burn characteristics, dressing changes, wound care, debridement, and rehabilitation.

 

A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. A quantitative randomized control trial in the study promotes its validity since it demonstrates that guided imagery technique can significantly reduce pain and anxiety among burn patients. The methodology also enables the researcher to identify the differences in scores between the interventional and control groups, which determine the intervention’s impact. The use of a semi-experimental randomized control trial in the study increased its reliability and validity by demonstrating the significant difference in reducing pain in the test group throughout the study. The randomized control trial employed by in the study, increases the reliability of the findings since it shows the impact of the intervention through the test and control groups. The use of a systematic literature review in the study increases its reliability and validity since it is based on findings by other research studies.
General Notes/Comments The article will provide evidence-based information on how guided imagery can reduce the level of anxiety and pain due to dressing change in burn patients. The article will provide information on the effectiveness of Rhythmic breathing in pain reduction of dressing change in patients with burn injuries. The article will provide information on whether intervention has a significant positive effect on the pain of dressing change in children. The article will reveal if there is a positive correlation between treatments including music interventions and pain alleviation, anxiety relief, and heart rate reduction in burn patients.

References

Asgharipour, N., Shariati, M., & Borhani, M. (2017). Assessment of guided imagery effect on reducing anxiety and pain associated with wound dressing changes in burn patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences11(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.547.

Bozorg-Nejad, M., Azizkhani, H., Mohaddes Ardebili, F., Mousavi, S. K., Manafi, F., & Hosseini, A. F. (2018). The Effect of Rhythmic Breathing on Pain of Dressing Change in Patients with Burns Referred to Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital. World journal of plastic surgery7(1), 51–57. PMCID: PMC5890366

Kaheni, S., Sadegh Rezai, M., Bagheri-Nesami, M., & Goudarzian, A. H. (2016). The effect of distraction technique on pain of dressing change among 3-6-year-old children. International Journal of Pediatrics4(4), 1603-1610. DOI:10.22038/IJP.2016.6699

Li, J., Zhou, L., & Wang, Y. (2017). The effects of music intervention on burn patients during treatment procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC complementary and alternative medicine17(1), 158. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1669-4.

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies
Title: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Matrix Worksheet Template

  Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

 Use this document to complete Part 2 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry, and Part 2: Research Methodologies

Full citation of the selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Kang, M. J., Kim, S. M., Han, S. E., Bae, J. H., Yu, W. J., Park, M. Y., Ku, S., & Yang, Y. (2019). Effect of Paper-Based Cognitive Training in Early Stage of Alzheimer’s Dementia. Dementia and neurocognitive disorders18(2), 62–68. https://doi.org/10.12779/dnd.2019.18.2.62 Weng, W., Liang, J., Xue, J., Zhu, T., Jiang, Y., Wang, J., & Chen, S. (2019). The transfer effects of cognitive training on working memory among Chinese older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in aging neuroscience11, 212.

https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00212

Huntley, J. D., Hampshire, A., Bor, D., Owen, A., & Howard, R. J. (2017). Adaptive working memory strategy training in early Alzheimer’s disease: randomized controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry210(1), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.116.182048 Giovagnoli, A. R., Manfredi, V., Parente, A., Schifano, L., Oliveri, S., & Avanzini, G. (2017). Cognitive training in Alzheimer’s disease: a controlled randomized study. Neurological Sciences38(8), 1485-1493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-017-3003-9
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) ·                     I chose the article by Kang et al. (2019) because it explores how cognitive training can promote positive outcomes in the cognitive domain of persons diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

·                     The article relates to my clinical issue of interest since I seek to identify non-pharmacological interventions that can be used to improve cognitive functioning in mild-moderate AD.

·                     Non-pharmacological interventions, such as cognitive stimulation, training, and rehabilitation have been examined as possible measures to prevent and manage AD.

·                     The Medical Research Ethics Committee of the Veteran Health Service Medical Center approved the study.

·                     The Weng et al. (2019) article relates to my clinical issue on enhancing cognitive functioning in mild and moderate AD since it establishes that the cognitive training impact on working memory can convey to other untrained aspects, including executive function, which in turn improves ability of daily living.

·                     Thus, cognitive training can be used to improve memory, attention, language, and executive functioning in mild and moderate AD.

·                     The study was conducted in line with recommendations from the Human Subjects Review Committee of Zhejiang University. All participants provided written informed consent in line with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was authorized by the Human Subjects Review Committee of Zhejiang University.

·                     Huntley et al. (2017) relate to my clinical issue of interest since it seeks to identify interventions that enhance cognitive function in AD.

·                     The NRES Committee East of England-Cambridge East approved the study.

·                     All subjects provided written informed consent to be part of the study.

·                     The Giovagnoli et al. (2017) article was selected because it assesses the impact of cognitive training on AD patients. The study aligns with my clinical issue of interest since it examines if cognitive training impacts cognitive function in mild and moderate AD as well as other aspects such as mood, and social relationships, which are often affected in AD.

·                     The Institutional Review Boards authorized the study as per the Declaration of Helsinki. All subjects gave informed consent.

Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article ·                     The research sought to develop groups of cognitive training programs termed “Gipum-seo”. This is an integrated cognitive training, with varying complexity levels that employs pre-developed paper-and-pencil exercises (Kang et al., 2019).

·                     The study sought to assess the cognitive training program’s impact in early AD.

·                     The research examined the transfer impact of cognitive training on the working memory of elderly Chinese with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

·                     The study focused on working memory since it is an essential cognitive function that supports various cognitive complex functions.

·                     The study aimed to examine the effect of a novel cognitive training paradigm derived from ‘chunking’ on enhancing working memory and cognitive function.

·                     It also sought to examine if the paradigm is connected with the re-organization of functional activity in parietal and prefrontal cortices.

·         The study compared the impact of cognitive training, to active music therapy and neuroeducation (NE), on individuals’ initiative in mild and moderate AD.

·         The study also examined the impact of cognitive training on periodic memory, mood, and social interactions.

Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. ·                     The study employed a randomized control trial to assess the effectiveness of the paper-based cognitive training program in cognition.

·                     Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group.

·                     Participants in the experimental group attended 24 sessions of paper-based cognitive training for 12-weeks.

·                     A quantitative method was employed to evaluate the cognitive function change in the experimental and control group.

 

 

 

·                     The researchers conducted a randomized control trial.

·                     A quantitative method was used to measure the impact of cognitive training on cognitive functions, such as working memory, reasoning ability, verbal ability, executive function, and comprehensive ability.

·                     The study used a randomized control trial.

·                     Participants were randomly assigned to adaptive chunking training or active control training.

·                     A quantitative method was used to measure the effects of adaptive chunking training and an active control measure.

·                     The research employed a controlled randomized single-blind study. A quantitative approach was employed to measure the impact of cognitive training, against active music therapy and neuro-education.
A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. ·                     The randomized control trial strength include its excellent internal validity

·                     The research methodology is reliable since it produced consistent results with other studies that have established cognitive training as beneficial in improving general functioning in the early stage of AD.

·                     In addition, the methodology was valid since it adequately evaluated the impact of cognitive training on patients with early-stage AD, which is in line with the purpose of the study.

·                     The study applied a randomized control trial whose strength lies in its ability to compare two therapy modalities.

·                     The methodology is reliable since it produced consistent results with previous studies that show that cognitive training improves cognitive function.

·                     Validity was applied since the methodology measures what it was supposed to measure.

·                     The randomized control trial helped to compare the two interventions of adaptive chunking training and active control, to determine the most effective approach.

·                     The research methodology is reliable since the results are consistent with other studies that have established that chunking enables the working memory to grasp complex mental images.

·                     The validity of the research methodology is evident since it effectively tests if cognitive training derived from chunking enhances working memory and overall cognitive function.

·                     The study used a randomized control trial, which effectively compared two therapy interventions, cognitive training versus active music therapy and neuroeducation.

·                     The methodology is reliable since it produced results that were consistent with previous studies that establish that cognitive training enhances initiative and stabilizes memory.

·                     Besides, its validity is evident since it adequately compared the effects of the two modalities as stated in the purpose statement.

General Notes/Comments ·                     Cognitive training enhances cognitive functioning in various areas including attention, language, and executive function.

·                     Bearing in mind the few pharmacological treatments approved for AD, simultaneous cognitive training can be a substitute therapy option since it is simple and easily accessible.

·                     Cognitive training can be a useful non-pharmacological intervention to use in patients exhibiting symptoms of mild and moderate AD and can help slow the progression of cognitive decline in these patients. ·                     Cognitive training using verbal chunking strategies can be used in AD patients to improve their trained verbal working memory task, overall cognitive, and verbal episodic memory.

·                     It can be used in patients in the early AD stage to enhance cognitive function.

·                     Cognitive training can be incorporated into the treatment plan of persons with mild and moderate AD since it improves initiative and stabilizes memory. In addition, non-cognitive therapies can be used to improve a patient’s psychosocial aspects.

References

Giovagnoli, A. R., Manfredi, V., Parente, A., Schifano, L., Oliveri, S., & Avanzini, G. (2017). Cognitive training in Alzheimer’s disease: a controlled randomized study. Neurological Sciences38(8), 1485-1493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-017-3003-9

Huntley, J. D., Hampshire, A., Bor, D., Owen, A., & Howard, R. J. (2017). Adaptive working memory strategy training in early Alzheimer’s disease: randomized controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry210(1), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.116.182048

Kang, M. J., Kim, S. M., Han, S. E., Bae, J. H., Yu, W. J., Park, M. Y., Ku, S., & Yang, Y. (2019). Effect of Paper-Based Cognitive Training in Early Stage of Alzheimer’s Dementia. Dementia and neurocognitive disorders18(2), 62–68. https://doi.org/10.12779/dnd.2019.18.2.62

Weng, W., Liang, J., Xue, J., Zhu, T., Jiang, Y., Wang, J., & Chen, S. (2019). The transfer effects of cognitive training on working memory among Chinese older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in aging neuroscience11, 212. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00212

I agree, failure to involve nurses would result in the adoption of a system that will produce unwanted outcomes in the organization. The SDLC is a standard project management framework that improves hospital technology by using steps in planning, analysis, design, implementation, and evaluation (Wang et al., 2019, p. 419). The involvement of nursing staff in the SDLC is an important aspect of maintaining high performance in medical settings. For example, at my facility, the organization attempted to reduce falls by purchasing visual monitors (VM). Upper management focus was on savings from sitters as opposed to including the quality and how nurses would respond to this new technology. Fortunately, the only nurses who were a part of the SDLC process were the unit Nurse managers and Directors. Floor nurses should be on the board for situations like this because VM is very unpredictable, and the screen frequently freezes while observing the patient. It creates issues between the primary nurse who blame the visual monitor (VM) tech for not watching the monitor, if a patient fall despite being a system error.       

                Currently, management is trying to increase the number of video monitoring from 16 patients to 20 patients and this decision did not consider the responses of the nurses. Nursing’s participation in the big data and data science initiatives now underway is essential to ensure that the discoveries are not only shaped by our profession’s unique understanding of the patient experience but also that the discoveries lead to knowledge that is useful to nursing (Brennan & Bakken, 2015, p. 477). I believe if floor nurses were a part of the SDLC, more education would have been encouraged and the evaluation process would have challenged the new technology defects, before making the final decision to use VM as the first intervention before ordering a sitter.

A Sample Answer 3 For the Assignment: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies
Title: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

 References:

Wang, J., Gephart, S. M., Mallow, J., & Bakken, S. (2019). Models of collaboration and dissemination for nursing informatics innovations in the 21st century. Nursing Outlook67(4), 419–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2019.02.003

Brennan, P. F., & Bakken, S. (2015). Nursing needs big data and big data needs nursing. Journal of Nursing Scholarship47(5), 477–484. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12159Links to an external site.

Clinical issues have profound impacts on health care providers and patients, given that they pose a significant risk to the quality of care, patient safety, and nursing staff’s wellbeing. Workplace incivility, characterized by discourteous and disrespectful actions, is typical in the nursing practice. It is among the issues that adversely affect nurses’ confidence and interprofessional collaboration. Anxiety is also high in workplaces where nursing incivility is not effectively controlled, fueling burnout and turnover (Shi et al., 2018). Effective control of nursing incivility is vital to optimizing care quality and patient safety. Since interventions should be evidence-based, it is crucial to search for evidence from credible research as summarized in the matrix worksheet.

Full citation of selected articleArticle #1Article #2Article #3Article #4
Kile, D., Eaton, M., deValpine, M., & Gilbert, R. (2019). The effectiveness of education and cognitive rehearsal in managing nurse‐to‐nurse incivility: A pilot study. Journal of Nursing Management27(3), 543-552. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12709    Abdollahzadeh, F., Asghari, E., Ebrahimi, H., Rahmani, A., & Vahidi, M. (2017). How to prevent workplace incivility?: Nurses’ perspective. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research22(2), 157-163. https://doi.org/10.4103/1735-9066.205966Armstrong, N. (2018). Management of nursing workplace incivility in the health care settings: A systematic review. Workplace Health & Safety66(8), 403-410. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2165079918771106Shi, Y., Guo, H., Zhang, S., Xie, F., Wang, J., Sun, Z., … & Fan, L. (2018). Impact of workplace incivility against new nurses on job burn-out: A cross-sectional study in China. BMJ Open8(4), e020461. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-020461
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest)It is a comprehensive article exploring the importance of enhanced awareness through educational programs in reducing nurse-to-nurse incivility. The article explains how cognitive rehearsal techniques can help nurses to cope with incivility. Al-Ghabeesh and Qattom (2018) also supported the role of cognitive rehearsal in helping nurses to cope with workplace problems since it prepares them mentally to cope with stressing situations. Regarding ethics, participation was voluntary and participants’ information treated anonymously.      The article depicts workplace incivility as a disturbing phenomenon, detrimental to clinicians’ health and care delivered. Due to incivility’s psychological and somatic effects, the article investigates how it can be managed from a nurse’s perspective. Concerning research ethics, informed consent was observed to ensure that nurses participated willingly. Nurses were also allowed to withdraw willingly without getting penalized in any way.The article was chosen since it shows the severity of workplace incivility among nurses and proposes evidence-based interventions. According to Armstrong (2018), incivility has a destructive effect as a cause of emotional upset among nurses, to the extent of risking patient care. This observation coincides with Alshehry et al. (2021) finding that workplace incivility increases the occurrence of unsafe medication administration practices. On ethics, Armstrong (2018) avoided search biases by summarizing data from different databases.The article is an in-depth exploration of the implications of workplace incivility in health practice. It describes how workplace incivility is correlated with anxiety and job burn-out among nurses, necessitating evidence-based interventions. Regarding ethics of research, consent and anonymity are critical. Participants consented to participate in the survey and information provided was treated anonymously.
Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed articleThe aim of the research was to help nurses to recognize incivility and reduce its impacts by confronting it through cognitive rehearsal techniques. The ability to confront incivility would improve job satisfaction.Abdollahzadeh et al. (2017) suggested that many articles have investigated the effects of workplace incivility without proposing practical interventions. In response, the article’s primary aim is to determine how workplace incivility can be prevented in health care settings from a nurses’ perspective.Guided by the premise that workplace incivility should be effectively controlled, the study critiques and summarized evidence that can help nursing staff to manage workplace incivility. It focused on the practical interventions that can be applied universally as nurses overcome this chronic problem.The article’s primary aim was to investigate the impacts of workplace incivility on new nursing staff. It further examined the role that resilience plays in moderating incivility-job burn-out connection.
Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific.Kile et al. (2019) conducted a mixed method, pilot study. Data before and after nurses received cognitive rehearsal training were obtained via surveys for comparative analysis.Data was collected via interviews. Researchers used the qualitative descriptive study design. Thus, the article is qualitative research.The study is a systematic review of current and relevant evidence on workplace incivility. Ten studies were reviewed, implying that it is a quantitative study.The study was a cross-sectional online survey. Participants (903 registered nurses) completed online questionnaires in May of 2016 in China. Hence, it was a quantitative research.
A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected.The key strength of a mixed method approach to research is enhancing the understanding of quantitative and qualitative results’ contradictions. Regarding validity and reliability, researchers use various methods to gather information in mixed methods studies (Schoonenboom & Johnson, 2017). These methods supplement each other making the data more valid and reliable.Generally, qualitative research allows issues to be examined in-depth. Interviews also allow researchers to ask specific questions that can be redirected as situations oblige (Thorsteinson, 2018). Regarding reliability and validity, interviews allowed one-on-one correspondence and the interview questions were designed in a way that all the participants answered the same questions despite difference locations.A key strength of systematic reviews is getting a quick answer about a particular clinical issue from previous studies. In this case, information is readily available. Systematic reviews are highly reliable and valid too. Their conclusion about a clinical issue is derived from multiple studies that the researcher(s) assess for relevance and quality.As a common data collection method, questionnaires have various strengths. It is possible to test many people quickly. Data (quantitative) can be generated and analyzed easily. On reliability, questionnaires facilitate the collection of large volume of data (Oden, 2019). It was the same case in the article. The results were also consistent by showing a positive correlation between workplace incivility, anxiety, and burnout.
General Notes/CommentsThe article expands the PICOT by explaining how an educational intervention (cognitive rehearsal) can advance workplace civility. It illustrates how a positive workplace can be promoted to ensure that patients receive safe and efficient care.            The article is a reliable resource that expands knowledge on workplace incivility prevention from a nurses’ perspective. It explains how improving nurses’ skills and communication ability and supporting nurses can be integral in reducing workplace incivility in health care organizations.The article is highly informative on the implications of workplace incivility in health care settings. It further proposes interventions necessary to manage incivility including educational training on incivility to enhance awareness and communication skills. Overall, it is a useful resource to develop the PICOT.As nurses continue solving clinical issues, application of evidence-based research is vital. The article expands research on the effects of workplace incivility, which shows the need for policy interventions and other practical solutions.

 

Conclusion

The research articles in the worksheet evaluate workplace incivility among nurses from multiple dimensions. Causes of nursing incivility have been studied besides impacts of the clinical problem and possible prevention measures. Interventions such as resilience training and cognitive rehearsal techniques have been proposed. The articles will be further critiqued to get the best evidence to be used as the basis for change implementation in nursing practice to reduce incivility.

References

Abdollahzadeh, F., Asghari, E., Ebrahimi, H., Rahmani, A., & Vahidi, M. (2017). How to prevent workplace incivility?: Nurses’ perspective. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research22(2), 157-163. https://doi.org/10.4103/1735-9066.205966

Al-Ghabeesh, S. H., & Qattom, H. (2019). Workplace bullying and its preventive measures and productivity among emergency department nurses. Israel Journal of Health Policy research8(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4268-x

Alshehry, A. S., Alquwez, N., Almazan, J., Namis, I. M., & Cruz, J. P. (2019). Influence of workplace incivility on the quality of nursing care. Journal of Clinical Nursing28(23-24), 4582-4594. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.15051

Armstrong, N. (2018). Management of nursing workplace incivility in the health care settings: A systematic review. Workplace Health & Safety66(8), 403-410. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2165079918771106

Kile, D., Eaton, M., deValpine, M., & Gilbert, R. (2019). The effectiveness of education and cognitive rehearsal in managing nurse‐to‐nurse incivility: A pilot study. Journal of Nursing Management27(3), 543-552. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12709

Oden, C. (2019). Validity and reliability of questionnaires: how to check. ProjectTopics. https://www.projecttopics.org/validity-and-reliability-of-questionnaires-how-to-check.html

Shi, Y., Guo, H., Zhang, S., Xie, F., Wang, J., Sun, Z., … & Fan, L. (2018). Impact of workplace incivility against new nurses on job burn-out: A cross-sectional study in China. BMJ Open8(4), e020461. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-020461

Schoonenboom, J., & Johnson, R. B. (2017). How to construct a mixed methods research design. KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie69(2), 107-131. doi: 10.1007/s11577-017-0454-1

Thorsteinson, T. J. (2018). A meta‐analysis of interview length on reliability and validity. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology91(1), 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12186

A Sample Answer 4 For the Assignment: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies
Title: NURS 6052 Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

Full citation of selected articleArticle #1Article #2Article #3Article #4
Ayorinde, M. O., & Alabi, P. I. (2019). Perception and contributing factors to medication administration errors among nurses in Nigeria. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2019.100153  Härkänen, M., Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K., Murrells, T., Rafferty, A. M., & Franklin, B. D. (2019). Medication administration errors and mortality: Incidents reported in England and Wales between 2007 ̶ 2016. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy15(7), 858–863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.11.010  Akram M. Bashaireh, Mohammad S. Jaran, Rania I. Alobari, & Salma M. Al-khani. (2019). Understanding the Nature, Contributing Factors, and Corrective Actions of Medication Administration Errors: Insights from Saudi Arabia. Global Journal on Quality and Safety in Healthcare, 58–64. https://doi.org/10.4103/JQSH.JQSH_28_18  Tsegaye D, Alem G, Tessema Z, & Alebachew W. (2020). Medication Administration Errors and Associated Factors Among Nurses. International Journal of General Medicineume 13, 1621–1632.    
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest)I chose this article because it focuses on medication administration errors, which is a critical clinical issue in healthcare settings worldwide, including Nigeria. Understanding the factors contributing to medication administration errors is essential for improving patient safety. Moreover, the ethical aspect of this research relates to the well-being of patients, as reducing medication errors enhances patient outcomes and ensures ethical standards in healthcare delivery.I selected this article because it examines the critical link between medication administration errors and patient mortality, providing valuable insights into the consequences of such errors. Understanding this relationship is crucial for healthcare professionals and policymakers, as it underscores the urgency of addressing medication administration errors to improve patient safety and ethical care delivery.I chose this article because it provides insights into the nature, contributing factors, and corrective actions related to medication administration errors in Saudi Arabia. While the previous articles focused on different regions, this one offers a perspective from Saudi Arabia, allowing for a broader understanding of the issue. The ethical relevance of this research is clear, as it seeks to improve patient safety and the quality of healthcare services.I chose this article because it focuses on medication administration errors among nurses and their associated factors. It provides insights into the issue from a general medicine perspective, contributing to the broader understanding of the problem. The ethical dimension of this research is evident, as it addresses the need to reduce medication errors to ensure patient safety and ethical healthcare delivery.  

I was really excited to see that we choose the same organization to review. I must say that I agree with your analysis of Mayo’s ability to integrate evidence based practice into it’s core business model by utilizing research studies and clinical trails to effectively test new drugs. According to our text there are two processes here that offer clinicians sources of knowledge: (1) practice-based evidence (PBE) and (2) research. These two sources of evidence fuel evidence-based practice (EBP). Their processes and outcomes overlap somewhat and are intertwined, but they are distinct in the knowledge they produce to influence clinical decision making (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). The Mayo Clinic works tirelessly to ensure that practice-based evidence and research is utilized to provide the best care.

I found that the Mayo Clinic are grounded on EBP. The organization prides itself in championing high-quality and rigorous healthcare research to discover solutions and cost-effective ways of caring for complex healthcare problems. Cost is a major factor in healthcare, especially in the United States, the only developed western country without a form of universal health coverage. EBP proposes cost-effective interventions in the design and delivery of optimal and efficient care (Sikka, Morath, & Leape, 2015). In short evidence has found that by delivering cost effective healthcare options organizations are able to provide better universal care to it’s patients.

The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) (2022) is a scientific organization that was formed in 1988 after the merging of three organizations;  the American Association for Medical Systems and Informatics (AAMSI); the American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI); and the Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care (SCAMC). The primary mission of the AMIA is to help lead the way in transforming healthcare by building a bridge of knowledge and collaborations in relation to basic and applied research, consumers, and public health arenas. The AMIA (2022) states five core purposes for their organization; advancing the science of informatics, promoting education of informatics, assuring the new technology is being utilized effectively to promote health and health care, advancing the profession of informatics, and providing services and support for members.

            Informatics, especially nursing informatics, is a large part of gathering and deciphering data to help develop evidence-based practice (EBP). The AMIA achieves this by supporting five different domains. These domains include translation bioinformatics, clinical research informatics, clinical informatics, consumer health informatics, and public health informatics. The two domains that support translational research are translation bioinformatics and clinical research informatics. Translation bioinformatics “is the development of storage, analytic, and interpretive methods to optimize the transformation of increasingly voluminous biomedical data, and genomic data, into proactive, predictive, preventive, and participatory health (AMIA, 2022)” and clinical research informatics “involves the use of informatics in the discovery and management of new knowledge relating to health and disease (AMIA, 2022)”. In addition to gathering the data and helping care providers understand the data, they also help with the application of new knowledge and technologies delivered to the healthcare system derived from informatics.

            Nursing informatics is not a subject matter I am extremely knowledgeable about, which is why this healthcare organization interested me. The continually evolving technology, emerging of new diseases, and an increase in public health awareness show how important informatics is along with evidence-based practice. We can not achieve the best evidence-based practice without the availability and access to research and data, and informatics is what helps to collect those things. The combination of nursing informatics and evidence-based practice is helping to continue to move health research more so to the bedside, which only helps to continue to deliver results of patient-centered care based on evidence. Looking into the AMIA’s website, along with the science behind evidence base practice, has led me to a deeper appreciation of nursing informatics and its engagement with a multitude of different disciplines within the different healthcare arenas to achieve the overall goal of helping providers be able to provide the most current best practice available for our patients.

References:

American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA). (2022). AMIA Mission and History. Retrieved

on November 29, 2022, from https://amia.org/about-amia/amia-mission-and-history

Links to an external site.

American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA). (2022). About AMIA. Retrieved on

November 29, 2022, from https://amia.org/about-amia

Links to an external site.

Walden University, LLC. (Producer). (2018). Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice and

Research [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author

Clinical decision-making that is grounded on evidence-gathering and careful analysis is known as evidence-based practice (EBP). To optimize results, EBP takes into account both the practitioner’s expertise and the patient’s priorities (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2018). Care for pregnant women and babies is a priority for the members of AWHONN, the Association for Women’s Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses. Users may see AWHONN’s commitment to evidence-based practice in action on the website. The mission statement emphasizes the importance of supporting nurses in their work with pregnant women and infants via research, education, and advocacy. Core values such as “Nursing Excellence for quality outcomes in practice, education, research, advocacy, and management” and “Generation of Knowledge to enhance the science and practice of nursing to improve the health of women and newborns” are consistent with the use of evidence-based practice to better patients’ health and outcomes (AWHONN, 2023).

     Among AWHONN’s stated objectives is being “the recognized leader for research, education, and evidence-based practice across all platforms, from professional resources to news and current events to consumer resources.” (AWHONN, 2023). AWHONN’s members have access to EBP suggestions, services, and assistance. By membership, you have access to the organization’s periodicals, studies, policy statements, and more. Each one is based on solid research and comes with solid advice for actual implementation. The AWHONN guidelines have earned widespread respect in the field of women’s health. Hospital management and women’s health care professionals look down on those who choose to ignore or act contrary to AWHONN’s evidence-based practice (EBP) recommendations and guidelines.

   This organization relies heavily on evidence-based practice (EBP), working closely with academics and experts in women’s health care to develop the most up-to-date and effective guidelines for treatment. The “Go the Whole 40” initiative is a good illustration of such an effort. Although most women consider their pregnancies done by the end of the ninth month, a woman’s body is really still producing fetal cells until the end of the 40th week. During the last ten to fifteen years, academics have increasingly stressed the need of waiting the full 40 weeks for delivery due to the physiological benefits for both mother and child. The website also has a downloadable (and free!) resource that may be sent along to expectant mums. When all pregnant women have access to information and encouragement, the project will have succeeded in its aims.

   Moreover, the program guarantees that all pregnant women get care that supports their bodies’ natural processes throughout labor and delivery, and that they receive medically essential drugs and interventions only when they are really necessary. All of these aims, as well as this program, are focused on disseminating research findings and serving as a platform for interdisciplinary efforts to tackle problems like the rising number of primary C-sections. All of these efforts have an impact on one another and are interconnected.

    The practice of evidence-based practice is central to this organization. Experts in women’s and newborns’ healthcare, many of the people affiliated with AWHONN are widely regarded as leaders in their area. Many matters that might end up in court rely on the evidence of these specialists. In many contexts, AWHONN-related data and studies are considered definitive. The findings and suggestions made by the organization are considered so authoritative that they influence the development of policies and procedures in healthcare institutions.

    The fact that AWHONN has applied EBP to the health of women and children, with all its attendant benefits, has improved the organization’s standing in my opinion. The website’s publications, information, and connections are invaluable for staying current on evidence-based treatment for women and babies. It has helped us keep up with news in the healthcare industry and the organizations we belong to as nurses and other professionals. Support from groups like AWHONN has simplified the process of obtaining, analyzing, and implementing EBP in clinical settings.

 

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