Assessment 4: Final Care Coordination Plan FPX 4050

Final Care Coordination Plan

 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the selected health care problem for care coordination since patients with AD require medical care from various health professionals. Persons with AD heavily rely on others and are the highest healthcare consumers secondary to their reduced cognitive function and capacity to carry out activities of daily living (ADLs) independently.

Care coordination for persons with AD focuses on addressing their multidisciplinary needs, enhancing their health outcomes, delay admission to nursing homes, and reducing healthcare costs associated with repeated services from the various health providers (Chen et al., 2020). The purpose of this paper is to design patient-centered health interventions for the final care coordination plan and discuss ethical decisions and priorities that should be considered in developing the plan.

Patient-Centered Health Interventions and Timelines for Care Delivered

The care coordination plan will involve providing patient-centered care consultation for AD patients. Every AD patient in the care coordination program will be assigned a care coordinator within two weeks of establishing the program. In the first two weeks, the care coordinator will interview the patient and their caregiver either at the clinic or home setting. The interview will focus on obtaining information on the patient’s physical and cognitive functioning, social support system, financial status, living status, and the home environment (Hughes et al., 2017). The care coordinator will use the Cognitive Impairment Screening tool to assess the degree of cognitive impairment. The coordinator will also use the Functional Activities Questionnaire to measure the patient’s ability to carry out instrumental daily living activities (IADL).

The care coordinator will convey the interview results to the interdisciplinary health team within a week after the interview. The interdisciplinary team will collaboratively develop a care plan within a week, based on the patient’s stage of disease, health needs, and goals. The care coordinator is responsible for ensuring that the plan is implemented, monitoring the patient for changes in condition, and assessing medication management needs (Hughes et al., 2017). Besides, the coordinator will provide care directly, arrange referrals to providers, and conduct ongoing monitoring for the patient.

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The care coordinator will determine the frequency of patient visits based on the identified health needs. However, every patient will receive a visit from either a community health worker or registered nurse once monthly. In every patient visit, the health provider will offer health education to the patient and caregiver on health promotion practices and train caregiving skills (Hughes et al., 2017). The health provider will also educate and encourage the patient to utilize available community resources for AD services, such as adult day care centers, education programs, and support groups. For instance, the care coordinator can refer the patient and caregiver to available community resources such as respite care, support groups, caregiver education and training programs, and caregiver coaching services.

Ethical Decision in Designing Patient-Centered Health Interventions

Patient-centered care interventions should be driven by the ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Hansson and Fröding (2020) argue that the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence have vital roles in guaranteeing the quality and safety of care interventions. Consequently, a patient should only be provided medically beneficial interventions based on the best available evidence (Hansson & Fröding, 2020). Particularly, interventions that are known to have significant harmful effects should not be provided, and the provider is responsible for not harming the patient.

The care coordinator should involve the patient and the caregiver in making decisions regarding healthcare interventions to incorporate their preferences, cultural values, and lifestyle. According to Hansson and Fröding (2020), shared decision-making should entail: Involving both the provider and patient in the treatment decision-making process; the provider and patient sharing information; the provider and patient taking action to engage in the decision-making process by communicating treatment preferences; and the provider and patient agreeing on the interventions to implement. It is crucial in healthcare ethics that the available resources are allocated as per a patient’s needs to promote justice.

Overuse of the scarce medical and caregiving resources in care coordination can decrease or delay access to these resources for the people who need them the most (Hansson & Fröding, 2020). A system of ethical decision-making can be anticipated to offer resourceful patients more opportunities to increase their healthcare resources share.

Relevant Health Policy Implications for the Coordination and Continuum of Care

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) intends to improve care coordination across the health system’s settings. Besides, multiple ACA sections comprise new care coordination programs relevant to geriatric care coordinators (Kominski, Nonzee & Sorensen, 2017). The policymakers aimed to better integrate patient care, designed services, and measurement tools. The ACA has care coordination provisions under Medicare and Medicaid, which seek to improve care coordination by aligning incentives for quality care and moving towards better-integrated care. 

The Community-Based Care Transitions Program (CCTP) is a provision under Medicare, which evaluates paradigms for improving care transitions from a hospital to other health care settings (Kominski et al., 2017). The program intends to lower readmission rates of elderly patients and their Medicare costs by improving coordination and care continuum. Health Homes for Chronic Conditions is also a provision under Medicaid. It allows states to create a Health Home that coordinates care for persons with multiple chronic illnesses or adverse mental conditions (Kominski et al., 2017). Implementation of this provision can significantly improve the coordination and continuum of care for AD patients. 

Priorities That a Care Coordinator Would Establish When Discussing the Plan with a Patient and Family Member

Priorities that should be established when developing the care plan with the patient and family member include meeting the patients’ needs and preferences. Therefore, the client’s needs and preferences should be well known and communicated to the interdisciplinary team to guide the delivery of safe, appropriate, and effective care (Nadash, Silverstein & Porell, 2019). For instance, the care coordinator should establish priorities such as meeting an AD patient’s cognitive, physical, social, and financial needs. The care coordinator should also prioritize improving the patient’s health outcomes and life quality (Nadash et al., 2019). Consequently, every intervention discussed with the patient should improve their health outcomes, either by delaying disease progress or preventing comorbidities. For instance, the AD patient coordinator should establish a priority of slowing deterioration of cognitive and physical functioning and enhancing their quality of life. 

One of the care coordinator’s roles is to monitor and follow-up with the patient, including responding to changes in patients’ needs. Changes to the care plan may be needed if the goals are not achieved within the set timeline. However, the change interventions should be based on evidence-based practice to promote the desired patient (Chen et al., 2020). A change of interventions may be required if the patient does not positively respond to the initial plan and if the interventions have adverse effects on them. Financial challenges may also warrant a change to ensure the care provided is affordable to the patient, but the new interventions should be supported by evidence-based practice. 

Aligning Teaching Sessions to the Healthy People 2020 Document

Best practices and evidence-based practice should guide patient education activity content. The care coordinator should assess if the best practices are feasible based on the patient’s physical, cognitive, and financial capabilities. Teaching lessons can be aligned to the Healthy People 2020 document by identifying an objective that one wishes to attain using health education. The provider can select the health education content from the interventions and resources section to guide them in providing evidence-based patient education (HHS, 2015). For instance, when providing patient education to an AD patient, the care coordinator can identify an objective for health education from the topic, Dementias, Including Alzheimer’s Disease (HHS, 2015). The coordinator can select the objective of reducing the proportion of preventable hospitalizations in adults aged 65 years and older with diagnosed Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Based on this objective, the coordinator can identify education interventions that can lower hospitalizations in this population. 


Patient-centered care interventions for AD will include assigning a care coordinator and conducting a comprehensive patient assessment. A care plan will then be developed by an interdisciplinary team based on its needs. The care coordinator will be tasked with providing patient education, arranging referrals, referring the patient to community resources, and monitoring the patient for changes. Ethical principles that should be considered in designing the interventions include beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice. The interventions should not harm the patient and should be guided by the best evidence. Priorities that should be established for the care coordination plan include meeting the patient’s needs and preferences, improving health outcomes and the quality of life. However, the care plan can be changed if the desired outcomes are not achieved or if the patient requests alternatives due to financial challenges.   

Assessment 4: Final Care Coordination Plan FPX 4050 References

Chen, B., Cheng, X., Streetman-Loy, B., Hudson, M. F., Jindal, D., & Hair, N. (2020). Effect of care coordination on patients with Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers. The American Journal of Managed Care26(11), e369-e375.
Hansson, S. O., & Fröding, B. (2020). Ethical conflicts in patient-centered care. Clinical Ethics, 1477750920962356.
Hughes, S., Lepore, M. M., Wiener, J. M., & Gould, E. (2017). Research on Care Coordination for People with Dementia and Family Caregivers.
Kominski, G. F., Nonzee, N. J., & Sorensen, A. (2017). The Affordable Care Act’s Impacts on Access to Insurance and Health Care for Low-Income Populations. Annual review of public health38, 489–505.
Nadash, P., Silverstein, N. M., & Porell, F. (2019). The Dementia Care Coordination Program: Engaging Health Systems in Caregiver Supports. Dementia18(4), 1273-1285.
US Department of Health and Human Services. (2015). Healthy people 2020. Dementias, including Alzheimer’s disease.

Ethical Decision

Obtaining authorization promptly is crucial when providing treatment to clients affected by domestic violence. Specific individuals who engage in domestic violence may exhibit psychological defense mechanisms, such as prematurely terminating an interview or refusing to cooperate in various ways. If the therapist communicates with the probation officer who referred the client without obtaining proper authorization, it could violate the law and ethical standards that safeguard the client’s right to confidentiality (Lutgendorf, 2019). Therapists must obtain signed consent before conducting the assessment interview to mitigate this vulnerable situation. A limited release enables the therapist to acknowledge the client’s participation in the assessment process (Rauhaus et al., 2020). After obtaining limited authorization, the therapist can legally contact the referring agency. After the client consents to the assessment process or treatment program, a more extensive approval will enable the clinician to disclose specific information about the diagnosis or treatment.

Relevant Health Policy Implications

            Global policies emphasize the imperative to address abuse and domestic violence promptly. An authorizing legal or societal framework can reinforce organizational-level policies and procedures. These policies enhance awareness of abuse, including routine discussions of the issue in clinical settings. Each state has specific child abuse statutes as mandated by the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (Iverson et al., 2022). Federal legislation establishes criteria for determining what actions qualify as child abuse. According to the guidelines, child abuse encompasses an act or recent failure that poses a significant and immediate threat of severe harm. Child maltreatment refers to any recent action or inaction by a parent or carer that leads to the death, emotional or physical harm, sexual assault, or exploitation of a child. The Elder Justice Act aims to reduce elder neglect, exploitation, and abuse by implementing various strategies (Hegarty et al., 2020). The Patient Safety and Abuse Act, a component of the Violence Against Women Act, establishes a federal offense for individuals who engage in interstate stalking, harassment, or physical harm against their partners. It also criminalizes the violation of a protective order when crossing national borders.

Making Changes Based Upon Evidence-Based Practice

Care coordinators should prioritize addressing domestic violence victims by providing treatment that acknowledges the impact of trauma and abuse on their health. They should also ensure that patients are connected to appropriate specialists for comprehensive recovery. Care coordinators should make adjustments based on evidence-based practices when discussing the care plan with patients and their family members. Exiting an abusive relationship or living situation presents significant difficulties, encompassing both emotional and practical aspects. The process entails recognizing the presence of abuse, seeking assistance to exit the position safely, and addressing the emotional and psychological aftermath (Iverson et al., 2022). Survivors can engage in a gradual process of self-esteem reconstruction following the detrimental effects experienced in the relationship. Survivors may benefit from self-care routines, professional mental health counseling, and the establishment of a nonjudgmental support network to effectively manage the fallout from the relationship. Society can support abuse victims by providing access to resources, affordable mental health care, and effective prevention programs. Workplaces can mitigate the impact of intimate partner violence on employees by implementing policies that provide protection and support, particularly about financial strain.


Domestic and family violence encompasses various forms of abuse, such as economic, sexual, physical, emotional, and psychological, targeting individuals across different age groups, including children, adults, and elders. Domestic and family violence poses challenges in terms of identification, with a significant number of cases remaining unreported to healthcare providers and legal authorities. Healthcare professionals, such as psychologists, nurses, chemists, dentists, doctor’s assistants, registered nurses, and physicians, are responsible for assessing and potentially providing care to individuals involved in domestic or family violence, given its widespread occurrence in our society. Healthy People 2030 aims to decrease various forms of violence, such as physical assaults, sexual assault, and gun-related injuries.


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