Collaboration and Leadership Reflection Video
Introduction to Interprofessional Collaboration
Interprofessional collaboration in the healthcare industry is a vital component for delivering top-notch patient care. By bringing together individuals from various professional backgrounds and specialties, healthcare providers are able to offer a comprehensive and integrated approach to patient care (Karam et al., 2021). This type of collaboration requires a team-oriented approach that brings together the diverse perspectives, skills, and expertise of multiple healthcare professionals. This results in the development of a shared goal, which is the well-being of the patient. Through Interprofessional collaboration, healthcare providers are able to identify and address the complex and multi-faceted needs of patients. They can work together to develop a personalized care plan that takes into account the patient’s medical history, current health status, and any ongoing health concerns. This leads to improved patient outcomes and a higher level of patient satisfaction. In this paper, I will discuss my experience of Interprofessional collaboration, and how it could have been better approached.
Interprofessional collaboration can occur in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities. In my scenario, I am part of a healthcare team consisting of a doctor, nurse, and physical therapist, working together to treat a patient with a musculoskeletal injury. The doctor plays a crucial role in this process, as they are responsible for diagnosing the injury. They will perform a physical examination and may order diagnostic tests, such as X-rays or MRI scans, to determine the extent of the injury and its underlying causes. Based on their findings, the doctor will then make a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. The nurse, on the other hand, plays an important role in managing the patient’s pain and medication. They will work closely with the doctor to determine the best course of action for managing the patient’s pain, whether it be through over-the-counter medications, prescription pain relievers, or alternative therapies. The nurse will also monitor the patient’s response to the pain management plan, making any necessary adjustments to ensure that the patient is as comfortable as possible.
Finally, the physical therapist plays a key role in helping the patient recover from their injury. They will work with the doctor and nurse to develop a rehabilitation plan that addresses the specific needs of the patient. This may include a combination of exercises, stretches, and other physical therapies aimed at improving the patient’s strength, mobility, and overall function.
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Establishing Clear Goals and Expectations
One of the first steps in improving Interprofessional collaboration is to establish clear goals and expectations (Banister et al., 2020). In my scenario, the healthcare team should have set clear and specific goals for the patient’s treatment and recovery, and aligned their individual plans to achieve those goals. This could have been done through regular team meetings and clear communication channels, where each member of the team could provide input and discuss their plans. By having clear goals, the healthcare team would have a shared understanding of what needs to be achieved, and each member would know what is expected of them.
Encouraging Open Communication
Open and effective communication is also crucial in Interprofessional collaboration. In my scenario, the healthcare team should regularly meet and have open and honest communication about the patient’s progress and any challenges that arise. This would have allowed the team to work together to find solutions to any obstacles and to make adjustments to the patient’s treatment plan as needed. For example, if the physical therapist noticed that the patient was having difficulty with a specific exercise, they could have communicated this to the doctor and nurse, and worked together to find a different approach that would be more effective.
Sharing Expertise and Knowledge
Sharing expertise and knowledge is also important in Interprofessional collaboration. Each member of the healthcare team brings unique expertise and knowledge to the table, and it is essential that this expertise is shared to improve patient outcomes (McCave et al., 2019). In my scenario, the doctor, nurse, and physical therapist should have discussed their individual plans and strategies for the patient’s treatment, and shared any insights or suggestions that could have been helpful. By sharing their knowledge and expertise, the healthcare team would have been able to provide a more comprehensive and well-rounded approach to the patient’s treatment.
Fostering a Team Mentality
Finally, fostering a team mentality is essential in Interprofessional collaboration. The healthcare team should work together as a unit, recognizing the importance of each member’s role and contributions to the patient’s overall well-being. In my scenario, the doctor, nurse, and physical therapist should have worked together to support each other and to ensure that the patient received the best possible care. For example, if the nurse noticed that the physical therapist was feeling overwhelmed, they could have offered support and helped with some of their tasks, so that the physical therapist could focus on the patient’s rehabilitation.
In conclusion, Interprofessional collaboration is crucial in providing high-quality patient care. By establishing clear goals and expectations, encouraging open communication, sharing expertise and knowledge, and fostering a team mentality, the healthcare team in my hypothetical scenario could have provided better patient care and achieved better outcomes. By working together as a unit, healthcare professionals can provide a more comprehensive and well-rounded approach to patient treatment, and ensure that the patient’s well-being is at the forefront of all decision-making.
Banister, G., Portney, L. G., Vega-Barachowitz, C., Jampel, A., Schnider, M. E., Inzana, R., Zeytoonjian, T., Fitzgerald, P., Tuck, I., & Jocelyn, M. (2020). The interprofessional dedicated education unit: Design, implementation and evaluation of an innovative model for fostering interprofessional collaborative practice. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 19, 100308.
Karam, M., Chouinard, M.-C., Poitras, M.-E., Couturier, Y., Vedel, I., Grgurevic, N., & Hudon, C. (2021). Nursing care coordination for patients with complex needs in primary healthcare: A scoping review. International Journal of Integrated Care, 21(1).
McCave, E. L., Aptaker, D., Hartmann, K. D., & Zucconi, R. (2019). Promoting affirmative transgender health care practice within hospitals: An IPE standardized patient simulation for graduate health care learners. MedEdPORTAL, 15, 10861.
NURS-FPX4010 Assessment 1: Collaboration and Leadership Reflection Video
For this assessment you will create a 5-10 minute video reflection on an experience in which you collaborated interprofessionally, as well as a brief discussion of an interprofessional collaboration scenario and how it could have been better approached.
Interprofessional collaboration is a critical aspect of a nurse’s work. Through interprofessional collaboration, practitioners and patients share information and consider each other’s perspectives to better understand and address the many factors that contribute to health and well-being (Sullivan et al., 2015). Essentially, by collaborating, health care practitioners and patients can have better health outcomes. Nurses, who are often at the frontlines of interacting with various groups and records, are full partners in this approach to health care.
Reflection is a key part of building interprofessional competence, as it allows you to look critically at experiences and actions through specific lenses. From the standpoint of interprofessional collaboration, reflection can help you consider potential reasons for and causes of people’s actions and behaviors (Saunders et al., 2016). It also can provide opportunities to examine the roles team members adopted in a given situation as well as how the team could have worked more effectively.
As you begin to prepare this assessment you are encouraged to complete the What is Reflective Practice? activity. The activity consists of five questions that will allow you the opportunity to practice self-reflection. The information gained from completing this formative will help with your success on the Collaboration and Leadership Reflection Video assessment. Completing formatives is also a way to demonstrate course engagement
Note: The Example Kaltura Reflection demonstrates how to cite sources appropriately in an oral presentation/video. The Example Kaltura Reflection video is not a reflection on the Vila Health activity. Your reflection assessment will focus on both your professional experience and the Vila Health activity as described in the scenario.
Saunders, R., Singer, R., Dugmore, H., Seaman, K., & Lake, F. (2016). Nursing students’ reflections on an interprofessional placement in ambulatory care. Reflective Practice, 17(4), 393–402.
Sullivan, M., Kiovsky, R., Mason, D., Hill, C., Duke, C. (2015). Interprofessional collaboration and education. American Journal of Nursing, 115(3), 47–54.
Demonstration of Proficiency
- Competency 1: Explain strategies for managing human and financial resources to promote organizational health.
- Identify how poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources supported by evidence from the literature.
- Competency 2: Explain how interdisciplinary collaboration can be used to achieve desired patient and systems outcomes.
- Reflect on an interdisciplinary collaboration experience noting ways in which it was successful and unsuccessful in achieving desired outcomes.
- Identify best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team to achieve its goals and work more effectively together.
- Competency 4: Explain how change management theories and leadership strategies can enable interdisciplinary teams to achieve specific organizational goals.
- Identify best-practice leadership strategies from the literature, which would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals.
- Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly, evidence-based communication strategies to impact patient, interdisciplinary team, and systems outcomes.
- Communicate via video with clear sound and light.
- The full reference list is from relevant and evidence-based (published within 5 years) sources, exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
This assessment will help you to become a reflective practitioner. By considering your own successes and shortcomings in interprofessional collaboration, you will increase awareness of your problem-solving abilities. You will create a video of your reflections, including a discussion of best practices of interprofessional collaboration and leadership strategies, cited in the literature.
As part of an initiative to build effective collaboration at your Vila Health site, where you are a nurse, you have been asked to reflect on a project or experience in which you collaborated interprofessionally and examine what happened during the collaboration, identifying positive aspects and areas for improvement.
You have also been asked to review a series of events that took place at another Vila Health location and research interprofessional collaboration best practices and use the lessons learned from your experiences to make recommendations for improving interprofessional collaboration among their team. Your task is to create a 5–10 minute video reflection with suggestions for the Vila Health team that can be shared with leadership as well as Vila Health colleagues at your site. Note: If you require the use of assistive technology or alternative communication methods to participate in this activity, please contact [email protected] to request accommodations. If, for some reason, you are unable to record a video, please contact your faculty member as soon as possible to explore options for completing the assessment.
Using Kaltura, record a 5–10 minute video reflection on an interprofessional collaboration experience from your personal practice, proposing suggestions on how to improve the collaboration presented in the Vila Health: Collaboration for Change activity.
Be sure that your assessment addresses the following criteria. Please study the scoring guide carefully so you will know what is needed for a distinguished score:
- Reflect on an interdisciplinary collaboration experience, noting ways in which it was successful and unsuccessful in achieving desired outcomes.
- Identify how poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources, citing supporting evidence from the literature.
- Identify best-practice leadership strategies from the literature that would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals, citing at least one author from the literature.
- Identify best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team achieve its goals and work together, citing the work of at least one author.
- Communicate in a professional manner, is easily audible, and uses proper grammar. Format reference list in current APA style.
You will need to relate an experience that you have had collaborating on a project. This could be at your current or former place of practice, or another relevant project that will enable you to address the requirements. In addition to describing your experience, you should explain aspects of the collaboration that helped the team make progress toward relevant goals or outcomes, as well as aspects of the collaboration that could have been improved.
A simplified gap-analysis approach may be useful:
- What happened?
- What went well?
- What did not go well?
- What should have happened?
After your personal reflection, examine the scenario in the Vila Health activity and discuss the ways in which the interdisciplinary team did not collaborate effectively and the negative implications for the human and financial resources of the interdisciplinary team and the organization as a whole.
Building on this investigation, identify at least one leadership best practice or strategy that you believe would improve the team’s ability to achieve their goals. Be sure to identify the strategy and its source or author and provide a brief rationale for your choice of strategy.
Additionally, identify at least one interdisciplinary collaboration best practice or strategy to help the team achieve its goals and work more effectively together. Again, identify the strategy, its source, and reasons why you think it will be effective.
You are encouraged to integrate lessons learned from your self-reflection to support and enrich your discussion of the Vila Health activity.
You are required to submit an APA-formatted reference list for any sources that you cited specifically in your video or used to inform your presentation. The Example Kaltura Reflection will show you how to cite scholarly sources in the context of an oral presentation.
Refer to the Campus tutorial Using Kaltura [PDF] as needed to record and upload your reflection.
- References: Cite at least 3 professional or scholarly sources of evidence to support the assertions you make in your video. Include additional properly cited references as necessary to support your statements.
- APA Reference Page: Submit a correctly formatted APA reference page that shows all the sources you used to create and deliver your video.
- You may wish to refer to the Campus APA Module for more information on applying APA style.
Portfolio Prompt: Remember to save the final assessment to your ePortfolio so that you may refer to it as you complete the final Capstone course.
Assessment 1 Instructions: Collaboration and Leadership Reflection Video
Hello everyone. My name is XXX and welcome to my collaboration and leadership reflection video. In this video, I will:
- Reflect on an interprofessional collaboration experience from my personal practice.
- Explain how poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources.
- Discuss best-practice leadership and interdisciplinary collaboration strategies that can help the interdisciplinary team achieve its goals.
Interdisciplinary Collaboration Experience
Background of the Problem
In my former healthcare organization, we noticed an increased incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among geriatric patients with comorbid chronic illnesses. ADRs had become a major cause of hospital admissions and emergency department visits in the facility. The pharmacy department sought to identify the cause of the increased cause of ADRs in these patients and established that most of the patients who presented with ADRs were on multiple medications mostly 5-9 medications. The clinical pharmacists also established that some of the drugs the patients were taking caused harmful drug-drug interactions. Furthermore, patients reported that every time they were discharged or consulted a different specialist, they were added new medications, contributing to the polypharmacy.
Based on the findings from the clinical pharmacists, the hospital created a pharmacist-led medication reconciliation program at admission and discharge. The program was designed to take an interdisciplinary collaboration approach with the following healthcare professionals:
- One clinical nurse leader (CNL) – The CNL was in charge of the team.
- Three Clinical pharmacists
- Four Clinicians including two physicians and two Nurse practitioners (NPs)
- Five Registered nurses (RNs).
- A medication reconciliation using a transition of care interdisciplinary team was proposed to minimize the number of medications with errors during hospital admission, discharge, and follow-up visit (Kreckman et al., 2018). This would identify unnecessary medications and those with interactions, thus mitigating ADRs caused by drug-drug interactions.
The interdisciplinary approach was successful since each member of the team was assigned clearly outlined laws preventing duplication of roles or confusion.
The interdisciplinary medication reconciliation process occurred as follows:
- During the admission of each geriatric patient, RNs carried out a two-step verification of prescribed medications, updated the electronic medical record, and informed the clinician to sign off on the list.
- At discharge, a patient’s medications were reconciled in the ward by the RNs, and the medication records were forwarded to a patient’s primary care provider.
- During follow-up visits, an RN and physician verified a patient’s medication list.
- RNs commenced the medication reconciliation at admission and reviewed the medication list within 24 hours of a patient’s discharge.
- The clinical pharmacists evaluated the list presented by the RNs, rectified medication issues like drug duplication and omissions, and proposed evidence-based therapies (Burgess et al., 2021).
- The clinical pharmacists also informed the clinicians of medication issues identified during admission and discharge.
How Poor Collaboration Can Result In Inefficient Management of Human and Financial Resources
- Poor interprofessional collaboration can lead to ineffective management of human and financial resources. Poor collaboration especially during handovers increases the probability of medical errors occurring (Stewart, 2018). This leads to suboptimal patient care that causes poor patient outcomes and resultant high medical and operational costs.
- Inefficient management of financial resources occurs when there is a lack of procedures or uniformity in procedures used (Stewart, 2018).
- Poor collaboration is associated with increased staff burnout and work-related stress. This leads to low motivation, increased work absenteeism, and high staff turnover. Low motivation and increased work absenteeism is a sign of inefficient management of the human resource.
Best-Practice Leadership Strategies
Effective leadership strategies are fundamental for the success of an interdisciplinary team’s ability to attain its goals. These strategies include:
- The leader should have a clear vision and communicate it: There needs to be a clear vision, role, and purpose for the team (Schot et al., 2020). The interdisciplinary team in our facility had a team leader who shared the vision of the medication reconciliation program. This steered the direction of the team and helped it establish appropriate referral criteria for patients.
- Good communication: The leader should communicate to the team members in a way that they feel they can listen and express their views, including discussing and resolving challenges within the team.
- The leader should also promote role interdependence in the team while respecting individual roles and autonomy (Schot et al., 2020).
- The leader should foster a team culture and interdisciplinary atmosphere of trust where team members’ contributions are valued and the consensus is promoted.
Best-Practice Interdisciplinary Collaboration Strategies
Effective interdisciplinary collaboration strategies are essential in helping the team attain its goals and collaborate more effectively. The strategies include
- Respecting and understanding members’ roles: There is a need for each member to respect and understand the roles of other team members, as well as, understand the limitations and boundaries of each role (Buljac-Samardzic et al., 2020). In our interdisciplinary team, the team member understood each other’s roles and how the different roles had the potential to affect patients.
- The team members should identify a leader who sets up a clear direction and vision for the team while listening, supporting, and guiding the team members.
- The leader should utilize communication strategies that promote intra-team communication, collaborative decision-making, and effective team processes (Burgess et al., 2021
Buljac-Samardzic, M., Doekhie, K. D., & van Wijngaarden, J. D. (2020). Interventions to improve team effectiveness within health care: a systematic review of the past decade. Human resources for health, 18(1), 1-42. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12960-019-0411-3
Burgess, L. H., Kramer, J., Castelein, C., Parra, J. M., Timmons, V., Pickens, S., … & Skinner, C. C. (2021). Pharmacy-led medication reconciliation program reduces adverse drug events and improves satisfaction in a community hospital. HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine, 2(6), 411. https://doi.org/10.36518/2689-0216.1295
Kreckman, J., Wasey, W., Wise, S., Stevens, T., Millburg, L., & Jaeger, C. (2018). Improving medication reconciliation at hospital admission, discharge, and ambulatory care through a transition of the care team. BMJ open quality, 7(2), e000281. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2017-000281
Schot, E., Tummers, L., & Noordegraaf, M. (2020). Working on working together. A systematic review on how healthcare professionals contribute to interprofessional collaboration. Journal of interprofessional care, 34(3), 332-342. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2019.1636007
Stewart, M. A. (2018). Stuck in the middle: the impact of collaborative interprofessional communication on patient expectations. Shoulder & elbow, 10(1), 66–72. https://doi.org/10.1177/1758573217735325
Collaboration and Leadership Reflection Video Scoring Guide
|Reflect on an interdisciplinary collaboration experience, noting ways in which it was successful and unsuccessful in achieving desired outcomes.||Does not describe an interdisciplinary collaboration experience.||Describes an interdisciplinary collaboration experience, but the reflection on the success or failure to achieve desired outcomes is missing or unclear.||Reflects on an interdisciplinary collaboration experience, noting ways in which it was successful and unsuccessful in achieving desired outcomes.||Reflects on an interdisciplinary collaboration experience, noting ways in which it was successful and unsuccessful in achieving desired outcomes. Includes ways in which reflective nursing practice can help build a better understanding of past experiences to improve future practice decisions.|
|Identify ways poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources, supported by evidence from the literature.||Does not Identify ways poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources.||Identifies poor collaboration, but does not address how it can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources or does not provide supporting evidence from the literature.||Identifies how poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources supported by evidence from the literature.||Identifies how poor collaboration can result in inefficient management of human and financial resources supported by evidence from the literature. Multiple authors from the literature are discussed.|
|Identify best-practice leadership strategies from the literature that would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals.||Does not identify best-practice leadership strategies from the literature that would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals.||Identifies leadership strategies, but it is unclear how they would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals, or does not provide supporting evidence from the literature.||Identifies best-practice leadership strategies from the literature that would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals.||Identifies best-practice leadership strategies from the literature that would improve an interdisciplinary team’s ability to achieve its goals. Multiple authors from the literature are discussed.|
|Identify best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team to achieve its goals and work together more effectively.||Does not identify best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team to achieve its goals and work together more effectively.||Identifies interdisciplinary collaboration strategies, but it is unclear how they would help a team to achieve its goals and work together more effectively together.||Identifies best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team to achieve its goals and work together more effectively.||Identifies best-practice interdisciplinary collaboration strategies to help a team to achieve its goals and work together more effectively. Multiple authors from the literature are discussed.|
|Communicate via video with clear sound and light.||Does not communicate professionally in a well-organized presentation.||Does not communicate via video or video is difficult to hear and see.||Communicates via video with clear sound and light.||Communicates via video with clear sound and light. Content delivery is focused, smooth, and well-rehearsed.|
|The full reference list is from relevant and evidence-based (published within 5 years) sources, exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.||Does not provide a reference list of relevant and/or evidence-based sources (published within 5 years).||A majority of reference list sources are relevant and/or evidence-based (published within 5 years) submitted with few APA errors.||The full reference list is from relevant and evidence-based (published within 5 years) sources, exhibiting flawless adherence to APA format.|
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