NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

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The issue with nursing practice noted in subject one was nurse burnout. Nursing burnout is a serious concern for the healthcare system because of its negative effects on the delivery of patient care, the quality of that care, and the well-being of nurses. The two quantitative studies considered in topic one are Article I by Elkady (2019), “Mindfulness and Resilience as Predictors of Job Burnout Among Nurses in Public Hospitals,” and Article II by Diehl et al., “The Relationship Between Workload and Burnout Among Nurses: The Buffering Role of Personal, Social, and Organizational Resources” (2021). According to article I, resilience and mindfulness are critical therapies that can help nurses avoid burnout and improve their overall performance. The key issue discussed in the article is nurse burnout, which continues to have an impact on the delivery of high-quality healthcare in various healthcare organizations. The purpose of the study was to discover how resilience and mindfulness affected nurse burnout. The study also investigates how these two events effect the job burnout of nurses in public health facilities. The primary purpose of the study was to uncover effective approaches to reduce nurse burnout in order to ensure high-quality healthcare delivery. What influence do mindfulness and resilience have on nursing burnout? is the central research question. The article’s significance for nursing can be linked to the different strategies it indicates that nurses can take to decrease burnout and deal with stress.

According to Article II, nurses can avoid burnout by implementing effective interventions that draw on social, individual, and organizational resources. The article is relevant to nursing practice because it addresses nurse burnout in palliative care settings. This article’s main focus is nurse burnout, which continues to have an impact on the delivery of high-quality healthcare services. The purpose of the study was to look into the protective effect of resources on the relationship between workload and burnout. The primary goal of this essay is to demonstrate how nurse burnout can make providing high-quality medical care difficult. What is the connection between nurse workload and burnout, and what role do personal, social, and organizational resources play in ensuring these healthcare professionals’ safety? The two publications are significant in nursing because they provide a variety of strategies for reducing nurse burnout while also ensuring high-quality healthcare delivery.

Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

There are different research methodologies that can be utilized in the research processes. There are both qualitative and quantitative research processes. Qualitative research involves the collection and analysis of non-numerical data such as texts, videos, or audio documents in order to understand concepts, experiences, and opinions. Qualitative research processes can also be utilized to gather in-depth insights into the problem and generate unique or new ideas for the research process. Qualitative research is the opposite of quantitative research which often involves the collection, and the analysis of the numerical data. The qualitative study I, “Qualitative study of telemonitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure in type 2 diabetes” by Hanley et al., (2015) involves an investigation of the experiences of professionals and patients taking part in the randomized controlled trials of blood pressure, blood glucose, and weight. The problem under consideration is type 2 diabetes. The article is significant to nursing because it entails different approaches geared towards enhancing evidence-based practices. The purpose of the article is to determine the best interventions for the patients suffering from type 2 diabetes. One of the research question is: Does telemonitoring of blood glucose, blood pressure and weight in primary care a promising approach of improving diabetes management?

The qualitative article II under consideration is “Physical activity/exercise and diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association,” by Colberg et al (2016). The primary goal of this article is to find out how physical activity/exercise affects diabetes management. The article is significant to nursing because it examines various nursing approaches or interventions for disease management. The purpose of this article is to identify the most effective type 2 diabetes management interventions (Colberg et al., 2016). The goal of research article II is to identify the most effective interventions for type 2 diabetes patients. The article emphasizes physical activity as the best approach for type 2 diabetes management. The study found that the American.

How the Two Articles Support the Nurse Practice Issue Chosen

These articles provide helpful information that can be applied in answering the PICOT question on diabetes. The issue is type 2

NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations
NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

diabetes. From the research articles, there are literature reviews consisting of advanced information required in the understanding of the topic and the main issues surrounding the PICOT question. Article I elaborates on the effective interventions that can be undertaken to reduce type 2 diabetes. Also, with the established outcomes from the research processes, the two articles provide elaborate and conclusive information that can be used to answer or address different aspects of the PICOT question. Article II elaborates on the physical activities or the exercise as one of the main practice of reducing type 2 diabetes.

The research question is well elaborated and it provides a conclusive information about the importance of physical activities on reducing type 2 diabetes. This can therefore be applied in the development of interventions required in the management of type 2 diabetes. Some of the physical activities movement that enhances the use of energy. Structured physical activities are always required to ensure effective outcomes (Hanley et al., 2015). Physical exercise often improves glucose control when it comes to the management of type 2 diabetes. Also, physical activities reduce cardiovascular risks which are also associated with the management of type 2 diabetes. Regular physical exercise can stop or delay type 2 diabetes.

Also Read: LDR 615 Topic 8 DQ 1 Describe the essential systems necessary to facilitate continuous change without compromising quality or causing burnout among employees

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How the Interventions and Comparison Groups in the Articles Compare

To Those Identified in Your PICOT Question

The interventions and comparison groups from the two articles are comparable to the ones that have been identified in the PICOT statement. There is a high similarity between the comparison and the intervention groups in all the two articles identified for the study. The PICOT question is about type 2 diabetes or the best interventions required in the management of type two diabetes. The comparison in the groups in the two research articles serves as a source of counterfactual causal inference. The goal of the comparison group in the research articles and the ones in the PICOT question is to estimate the effects of treatment.

Method of Study

The two qualitative articles adhere to the qualitative approach. However, study II incorporates observational approaches to the institute findings on the basis of the objectives and the research questions. On the other hand, the qualitative study I applies survey techniques to establish significant findings. One of the benefits of the observational method of the qualitative research is that it is simpler and easier to use. The disadvantage of the method is that there is always lack of in-depth analysis leading to the lack of comprehensive outcomes.

Results of Study

The qualitative study II concludes that physical activities/ exercise reduce the cases of type 2 diabetes. In other words, physical exercise is one of the best interventions in the management of type 2 diabetes. From the information obtained from different sources, qualitative research article II concludes that the adoption and maintenance of physical activities are essential for the blood glucose management and overall health among the individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes (Latimer et al., 2017). The recommendations and precautions vary depending on individual characteristics and health status.

The two qualitative studies have different implications in the nursing practice. The studies facilitate the acquisition of knowledge and practical skills when it comes to the management of type 2 diabetes. In other words, the two studies provide new knowledge in the nursing practices and the understanding of the steps that ought to be undertaken to reduce health complications associated with type 2 diabetes.

Ethical Considerations

Ethical considerations are significant in the research processes. From the two qualitative research articles, there is the portrayal of confidentiality and respect for human dignity. These are some of the ethical considerations that have been applied in the two research articles. Before engaging in a research process, the acquisition of consent from the respondents is always necessary. Also, there is always the need to keep patients’ information safe so as to avoid the loss of important information. When undertaking the above qualitative studies, researchers adhered to the confidentiality of information which is considered to be one of the major ethical concerns. Also, they managed to do their studies in line with the requirements that protect human dignity, especially for the study participants.

References

Colberg, S. R., Sigal, R. J., Yardley, J. E., Riddell, M. C., Dunstan, D. W., Dempsey, P. C., … & Tate, D. F. (2016). Physical activity/exercise and diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care39(11), 2065-2079. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-1728

Hanley, J., Fairbrother, P., McCloughan, L., Pagliari, C., Paterson, M., Pinnock, H., … & McKinstry, B. (2015). Qualitative study of telemonitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure in type 2 diabetes. BMJ open5(12). http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008896

Latimer, S., Hewitt, J., Stanbrough, R., & McAndrew, R. (2017). Reducing medication errors: Teaching strategies that increase nursing students’ awareness of medication errors and their prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2017.02.004

Assessment Description

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Attachments

NRS-433V-RS2-ResearchCritiqueGuidelin

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment. Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. according to NRS 433V Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations, an abstract is not required. Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Rubic_Print_Format
Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NRS-433V NRS-433V-O501 Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations 190.0
Criteria Percentage 1: Unsatisfactory (0.00%) 2: Less Than Satisfactory (75.00%) 3: Satisfactory (83.00%) 4: Good (94.00%) 5: Excellent (100.00%) Comments Points Earned
Content 75.0%
Qualitative Studies 5.0% Only one article is presented. Neither of the articles presented use qualitative research. Two articles are presented. Of the articles presented, only one article is based on qualitative research. N/A N/A Two articles are presented. Both articles are based on qualitative research.

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Topic 2 DQ 1

Qualitative data have been described as voluminous and sometimes overwhelming to the researcher. Discuss two strategies that would help a researcher manage and organize the data.

In working with a qualitative study bulk of data, I found that the process of coding helps the researcher to organize all of the data and start formulating the theory from the collected data. Coding is the process of making many pages of text into many segments of text through the “open coding” system, then to 30-40 codes in the next step of “Axial” coding, then down to ~20 codes, into the 5-7 themes of the entire project through the “selective” coding process (Williams & Moser, 2019).

This coding is done by recognizing the relationships between the data and labeling the data with a descriptive key word or phrase. This is usually the Who, What, When, Where, Why, & How of the data (Williams & Moser, 2019). The First part of the coding process is called Open coding, which the researcher identifies specific concepts and theme of the data for categorization, and codes the data as such (Williams & Moser, 2019). Next is the Axial Coding process of reprocessing all of the data and the Open Codes, and reprocesses it down further to common themes and patterns. This process is different from the Open Coding because it further refines, aligns, and categorizes the themes already established from the Open Coding (Williams & Moser, 2019). The next part of coding is Selective Coding, which the researcher, again, reviews all of the data and begins to select and integrate categories of data into meaning-filled expressions which help the researcher to formulate the theory and further to constructing meaning (Williams & Moser, 2019).

Another helper of working with all the bulk of qualitative studies is the computer. This is the computer age and It is really needed in this process. Johnson, Dunlap, & Benoit (2010), refer to interviews digitally recorded and transcribed with little effort, just a need to have a great filing system on the computer, which needed to be labeled with the date and subject of the recordings, and out of the computer (filing cabinet) and same filing system  in case anything happened to the computer system, and also it helps with direct comparing of notes when different people are working on the same project together (Johnson, Dunlap, & Benoit, 2010). Of course, a system to reference the information you are looking for. This system, and any qualitative system is highly specialized to the project that is being worked on. Each project has its own unique functional system and organizational system. Grey (2022), reports on the book, doing qualitative research in a digital world, how to do a create a digital workflow and how to select software tools for locating and evaluating, storing and organizing, reading and annotating, and synthesizing sources of literature. That is a great help in the qualitative study world. However, Johnson, Dunlap, & Benoit (2010), mention that of the 4+ qualitative analysis programs that they had worked with over the years, they all have proven unsatisfactory. The last 12 years must have greatly improved the computer systems and the software—which I think it has.

Resources

Gray, D.M. (2022). Book review: Doing qualitative research in a digital world. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 21(2), 340-342. Permalink: https://idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://serarh.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=157698655&site=eds-live&scope=site

Johnson, B.D., Dunlap, E., & Benoit, E. (2010, October 1). Structured qualitative research: Organizing “mountains of words” for data analysis, both qualitative and quantitative. PubMed Central, 45(5): 648-670. DOI: 10.3109/10826081003594757 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2838205/

Williams, M. & Moser, T. (2019). The art of coding and thematic exploration in qualitative research. International Management Review, 15(1), 45-55.

Permalink: https://lopes.idm.oclc/login?url=https://search.obscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=135847332&site=eds-live&scope=site

Data collection is an important part of the process of research, almost the most important right after data compilation and analysis, and though it requires a lot of accuracy and surety, it is not so advisable to use multiple strategies for data management and organization. (Gur et al, 2021). Each of these strategies before they were approved as qualitative data management strategies must have passed through scrutiny that proves them efficient, having multiple management strategies expose the data to more sources of leakage and privacy is a very important part of data collection.

REFERENCE

Gür, I., Guggenberger, T. M., & Altendeitering, M. (2021). Towards a Data Management Capability Model. In AMCIS.

Hi Misty, your post was informative and helpful! After reading your post, I researched more about axial coding. Did you know it related to grounded theory, in which “emergent” themes are compared to make a theoretical claim (Simmons, 2017)? I found the axial way of coding seems to make sense and is an understandable way of organizing the myriad of details.

References:

Simmons, N. (2017). Axial coding. In M. Allen (Ed.), The sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 80-82). https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483381411.n33

Replies to Misty Diaz

Hi Misty

A researcher can trip up over voluminous qualitative data, planning for organization in many ways. Using interviews, surveys, questionnaires and observations produce qualitative data. Initially, a researcher should have a clear understanding of qualitative data collection methods (Roulston & Choi, 2018). Creating standard operating procedures for transforming raw data into useful information is very crucial. For example, if a researcher is conducting a focus group – or perhaps a series of group discussions, the plan should be recorded meticulously, by writing down as many information as possible about the participants of each study. It is important to use a spreadsheet to keep track of the data. It is important to understand when and where different research methods are applicable.

Reference

Roulston, K., & Choi, M. (2018). Qualitative interviews. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Collection, 233-249. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781526416070.n15