NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment
NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment
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The utilization of evidence-based practice in nursing has gained significant popularity in the modern world. Its increased use is attributed to the evidence that it results in enhanced outcomes in healthcare such as quality, safety, and efficient use of organizational resources. Due to this, nurses have to be well informed about the different types of research designs that can be used in generating evidence-based data. Nurses can utilize study designs such as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed study designs to investigate practices that can form part of evidence-based care. However, the research focus influences the study design that will be utilized in conducting evidence-based research. Therefore, this research paper examines the value of the different study designs, why the mixed-methods design is suited to nursing, and the most appropriate research design that is suitable for my study.
The Value of Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Study Designs
Value of Qualitative Study
Qualitative study design refers to an approach to research where the researcher aims at answering questions about why and how a phenomenon is occurring. It operates under the assumption that the reality of the participants in research is socially constructed. This study design has significant value to nursing. One of the benefits of qualitative study designs is that it provides nurses with an understanding of the experiences of their patients. They use this understanding to tailor the care given in their settings to meet the needs of their patients. The design can also be used to gain an understanding of the needs, behaviors, and predict the effectiveness of interventions in addressing the needs of diverse populations (Creswell & Creswell, 2017). Qualitative studies also provide findings that can be used in the development of standards of care, clinical guidelines, algorithms, appraisal tools, and intervention protocols in healthcare. These tools legitimize nursing practice. The other benefits of qualitative studies include providing recommendations that are used in improving clinical communication practices alongside refining quantitative research (Lützén, 2017).
Value of Quantitative Study Design
Quantitative study design is an approach to research that aims at testing theories developed from qualitative researches. It provides an accurate analysis of a research problem since there is the utilization of numerical data to understand the relationship between variables. The use of quantitative study design is associated with a number of benefits to nursing practice. Firstly, it validates or rejects theories. Theories provide assumptions on the manner in which care should be provided. They provide guidelines that determine quality in healthcare. Quantitative studies can be used to test theories that guide practice. They are tested to provide insights into the manner in which they promote recovery and wellbeing of the patients. The other benefit of quantitative study design is that it provides nurses with an understanding of the relationship that exist between variables as well as their dynamic structure. The information on the relationship between variables enables nurses to explain the occurrence of observed phenomena in health. The other benefits of quantitative designs include their ability to provide reliable as well as factual information and enabling maximization of successful interventions in nursing practice (Leavy, 2017).
Value of Mixed Methods Design in Nursing
Mixed methods design is another approach to research that combines both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The use of this approach to research is attributed to a number of benefits to nursing. Firstly, it strengthens the depth as well as breadth of nursing research. This is mainly attributed to the fact that it combines the approaches to quantitative and qualitative research. The other benefit of mixed method research is its ability to overcome barriers to nursing research. The methodology provides nurses with the opportunities to understand the complex experiences of their populations, epidemiology as well as the management of conditions affecting them. Lastly, the use of mixed methods research provides multilevel assessment of a health problem in a population (Oliveira et al., 2018). This can be seen from the use of combined research methods that explores a research issue in its depth to provide information on all the factors that influence the observed behaviors.
Why is Mixed Method Research Suitable to Nursing?
The use of mixed method research is suitable to nursing in a number of ways. Firstly, it provides a better understanding of not only the experiences of individuals but also the realistic factors influencing the experiences. The ability of nurses to provide optimum care is dependent on their ability to understand both the subjective and objective experiences of the patients. This can be achieved with the use of mixed method research, which combines both the qualitative and quantitative approaches to examining an issue. Mixed method research is also suitable to nursing because it provides nurses with an understanding of the different perspectives that can be used to address issues in healthcare. The perspectives can be achieved in two ways. Firstly, quantitative research illuminates the important aspects on the phenomena under investigation. Qualitative study on the other hand underpins the development of hypotheses that will guide the investigation of the phenomena. These methods provide nurses with diverse perspectives on the issue under investigation when mixed method research is used. Lastly, mixed method research is suitable to nursing due to its ability to solve complexity of research questions in healthcare. The combined approaches in this method make it easy to investigate clinical research questions that cannot be addressed using either qualitative or quantitative method alone (Bressan et al., 2017).
Research Method Appropriate for my Topic
Quantitative research design is the most effective for my proposed topic. The approach to investigating the topic will be based on deductive reasoning rather than inductive reasoning. It will be guided by hypothesis that will be proved at the end of the study. Quantitative approach is appropriate to the topic because of its objective nature. The aim of the intervention will be to determine the objective effects of the intervention. This will aid in determination of the effectiveness of the intervention. The topic also operates on pre-developed theory that non-pharmacological methods are effective in managing pediatric pain. As a result, quantitative approach is effective for the topic to test this theory. The method is also effective for the topic because the data will be obtained in the form of numbers. The numbers will be analyzed using quantitative methods of research, hence, the suitability of quantitative design (Leavy, 2017). Therefore, it is expected that the adoption of the quantitative method will enable the acquisition of objective data on the effectiveness of the intervention.
In summary, research is an important part of evidence-based practice. Different methods of research can be used to investigate health issues. They include quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research designs. Mixed methods research is recognized to be the most suitable to nursing due to its rigor and combined use of both quantitative and qualitative methods. However, quantitative design will be utilized in investigating the proposed topic for my project.
Bressan, V., Bagnasco, A., Aleo, G., Timmins, F., Barisone, M., Bianchi, M., … & Sasso, L. (2017). Mixed‐methods research in nursing–a critical review. Journal of clinical nursing, 26(19-20), 2878-2890.
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.
Leavy, P. (2017). Research design: Quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, arts-based, and community-based participatory research approaches. Guilford Publications.
Lützén, K. (2017). The value of qualitative methods in prioritised healthcare research.
Oliveira, J. L. C. D., Magalhães, A. M. M. D., & MisueMatsuda, L. (2018). Métodos mistos na pesquisa em enfermagem: possibilidades de aplicação à luz de Creswell. Texto & Contexto-Enfermagem, 27(2).
The purpose of this assignment is to conduct a comparison on different research designs to better understand their designs and application. Understanding the different types of research design is important so that nurses can effectively apply evidence-based research into practice to address issues and offer better patient care.
I agree that biostatistics and epidemiology aid in qualitative and quantitative disease analysis, providing critical data to public health departments. It is critical in developing effective intervention strategies to prevent disease spread and death (Jackson et al., 2021). In collaboration with other non-governmental organizations, the Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for informing the public about the epidemiology of a variety of health conditions. The information provided by some epidemiologists quantifies disease by revealing the number of people affected by a disease or a health condition. This complex quantification procedure considers three critical disease measures: frequency, prevalence, and incidence (MacDonald & Hsu, 2021). The frequency aspect is determined by the number of people who are affected, which is accomplished through disease surveillance. The prevalence of a disease is the number of people who have it.
Review feedback from your instructor on your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identification of Nursing Practice Problem,” submitted in Topic 1. If your original proposed nursing problem was outside the scope of nursing practice or not conducive to an evidence-based practice project proposal,
work with your instructor to identify a new topic prior to beginning this assignment. If your proposed topic requires revision, complete this prior to beginning this assignment. NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment
You will utilize your approved nursing practice problem to complete the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments for this course and NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a final written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.
Conduct a literature search on your approved nursing practice problem. Find two translational research articles, one quantitative article, and one qualitative article. Using the “Translational Research Graphic Organizer,” present your proposed topic and, in the tables provided, compare one translational study to the quantitative study, and one translational study to the qualitative study.
You are required to cite four peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments with regards to NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are not required to submit this assignment on NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment to LopesWrite.
Translational Research Graphic Organizer
Describe your evidence-based practice project’s nursing practice problem. If your nursing practice problem has not yet been approved, make any necessary changes or revisions before beginning the assignment. Conduct a literature search on your proposed topic and fill out the tables below.
Nursing Practice Issue: Obesity among school-age children is a nursing practice issue.
Also Check Out: NUR 550 Translational Research Graphic Organizer Template
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Comparison 1: Translational Research vs. Qualitative Research
Criteria Peer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Joseph, E. D., Kracht, C. L., St. Romain, J., Allen, A. T., Barbaree, C., Martin, C. K., & Staiano, A. E. (2019). Young children’s screen time and physical activity: Perspectives of parents and early care and education center providers. Global Pediatric Health, 6, 2333794X19865856. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2333794X19865856
Translational Research Type:
Translation to practice (T3) Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Stiglic, N., & Viner, R. M. (2019). Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: A systematic review of reviews. BMJ Open, 9(1), e023191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023191
Traditional Qualitative Research Type: systematic review of past literature. Observations (Similarities/Differences)
Methodology Four focus groups (3 parents and 1 ECE provider) were conducted and thematic analysis performed to identify themes and subthemes on children’s screen time and physical activity.
Twenty-eight caregivers (21 parents and 7 ECE providers) participated in the research. A systematic review of past studies on the evidence for health and well-being effects of screen time in children and adolescents was conducted. 13 reviews were identified. Joseph et al. (2019) used focus groups while Stiglic and Viner (2019) did a literature review.
Goals The primary goal was to seek input from caregivers on barriers and facilitators of physical activity and screen time to comprehensively address them and promote children’s health.
The study systematically examined the evidence of harms and benefits relating to screen time for children and young people’s health and well-being. Joseph et al. (2019) examined how caregivers’ input regarding physical activity and screen time can be used to promote children’s health while Stiglic and Viner (2019) examined what past studies concluded regarding harms and benefits of screen time and children’s health and well-being.
NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Assignment Data Collection
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
According to W.H. Schlesinger (2010) Translational Ecology has allowed the information that is important regarding environmental changes reach the public. Schlesinger (2010) goes on to say that keeping communication open between stakeholders and scientists furthers its reach. With the introduction of Health People 2020, and their initiative to achieve health equality there has been conduction and decimation of vast amounts of translational research (Tucker, et.al, 2019). There are many health disparities among many different types of people, but with translational research’s multidisciplinary approach, researchers can potentially help to inform interventions and eliminate health disparities (Tucker, et.al, 2019). Translational research within genomes is interesting, according to Pasipoularides (2017) they are now attempting to approach medicine the way Hippocrates initially envisioned, by treating the underlying etiology of disease and not symptom based like is often done today. By conducting translational research, they are hoping to be able to take a bit of peripheral blood and sequence a customized treatment to your disease processes (Pasipoularides, 2017). With normal medication management of cardiac disease processes, they are only seeing 50-75% of patients with the desired outcome (Pasipoularides, 2017). With this research they can end the one size fits all approach that medicine has come to know (Pasipoularides, 2017). I think that with the translational research attempting to reach these results would be amazing in all areas, I know that they are really focusing on cardiac patients, but the application could really be phenomenal.
Schlesinger, W. H. (2010, August 6). Translational Ecology. Science. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/329/5992/609
Tucker, C. M., Kang, S., & Williams, J. L. (2019). Translational research to reduce health disparities and promote health equity. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 5(4), 297-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tps0000215
Pasipoularides A. (2017). Genomic translational research: Paving the way to individualized cardiac functional analyses and personalized cardiology. International journal of cardiology, 230, 384–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.097
RESP0ND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
Health and illness follow a social gradient, making social, environmental, and economic circumstances lead to health inequities, often across generations (World Health Organization [WHO], n.d.). Health equity puts people first, allocating resources so that those with fewer resources and those that face exclusion and discrimination see improvements in their health and living conditions. Inequities such as where people live, grow up, learn, and work leads to certain groups having poorer quality housing, education, fewer employment opportunities, and less access to clean air and water, food security, and health care. Transcultural research will take the information learned to close the gap between health inequities, advancing healthy living conditions for all social groups. By combining evidence and knowledge to understand more, health inequities are avoidable and preventable. Health inequities lag the economic and social development of communities and countries (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion [ODPHP], 2021). With the rapidly advancing genomics, the aim is to promote health and treat disease, considering individual differences in people’s genes, environments, and lifestyles, using the benefits of genetic tests and family history to guide clinical and public health interventions. Translational research is a never-ending loop of research and translations, allowing us to understand science, putting practical applications in place to enhance human health and well-being (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2018).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, May 1). Translation research. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/translationresearch/default.html.
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2021, June 23). Genomics. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/genomics.
World Health Organization. (n.d.). Social determinants of health to advance equity. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/social-determinants-of-health-to-advance-equity
Topic 2 DQ 1
Explain the value of biostatistics in population health research. Describe the role of epidemiology in researching and addressing population health challenges. How are epidemiology and biostatistics significant to your evidence-based practice proposal?
Re: Topic 2 DQ 1
Biostatisticians conduct research on diseases, potential behaviors, and health risks at the community level (The University of Nevada, 2020). Biostatisticians conduct research, such as qualitative and quantitative studies, to investigate specific public health risks associated with the local environment, with the goal of providing information on how to address and eliminate these issues in the area (The University of Nevada, 2020). Environmental factors, cancer research, statistical genetics, and human growth and development are the focus of biostatistics research in public health (The University of Nevada, 2020). Epidemiology is concerned with how distribution and determination affect a population as a whole (The University of Nevada, 2020). They look into the frequency of disease processes and trends in a specific area (The University of Nevada, 2020). They investigate cause and effect, risk factors, and any underlying causes with zeal (The University of Nevada, 2020). Epidemiologists study infectious diseases, environmental issues, noninfectious diseases, injuries, natural disasters, and terrorist acts (The University of Nevada, 2020). My personal project proposal focused on the epidemiology of Syphilis and its prevalent prevalence in Alaska (Berman, 2020). Because of the nursing focus on Covid-19 patients, the epidemiology of the spread of this STD has shifted from 2019 to 2020, and it has spread even faster than before (Berman, 2020).
The University of Nevada, Reno. (2020, November 17). Epidemiology vs. Biostatistics: Understanding Their Roles in Public Health. University of Nevada, Reno. https://onlinedegrees.unr.edu/blog/epidemiology-vs-biostatistics/
Berman, A. (2020, July 31). Alaska’s syphilis cases more than doubled in a year, and COVID-19 has complicated outbreak response. Anchorage Daily News. https://www.adn.com/alaska-news/2020/07/30/alaskas-syphilis-cases-have-doubled-in-the-past-year-and-covid-19-has-complicated-outbreak-response/#:%7E:text=The%20state’s%20syphilis%20outbreak%20was,in%20heterosexual%20men%20and%20women.
MacDonald, I., & Hsu, J.-L. (2021). Epidemiological observations on breaking COVID-19 transmission: from the experience of Taiwan. J Epidemiol Community Health. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2020-216240
Jackson, M. L., Ferdinands, J., Nowalk, M. P., Zimmerman, R. K., Kieke, B., Gaglani, M., Murthy, K., Petrie, J. G., Martin, E. T., Chung, J. R., Flannery, B., & Jackson, L. A. (2021). Differences between Frequentist and Bayesian inference in routine surveillance for influenza vaccine effectiveness: a test-negative case-control study. BMC Public Health, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10543-z
Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NUR-550 NUR-550-O503 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Research Design Comparison 100.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less Than Satisfactory (80.00%) Satisfactory (88.00%) Good (92.00%) Excellent (100.00%)
Nursing Practice Problem (Revision) 10.0% The nursing practice problem was not included, or the required revisions were not made. The changes failed to meet the criteria for a relevant nursing practice problem for an evidence-based practice project proposal. Additional revisions are still required for approval. Revisions were made accordingly to improve the proposed nursing practice problem, but some aspects are inaccurate or unclear. Additional revisions are still required for approval. NA The nursing practice problem is clearly presented and approved. No revision was required, or all necessary revisions are were made.
Translational and Traditional Articles 15.0% More than two articles selected do not meet the assignment criteria. At least one article is omitted. Two articles do not meet the assignment criteria. It is unclear how one or two of the articles support the proposed nursing practice problem. One article does not meet the assignment criteria. Overall, the articles generally support the proposed nursing practice problem. The proposed problem would be better supported with the selection of one or two different articles. The articles meet the assignment criteria and provide adequate support for the proposed nursing practice problem. A quantitative article and a qualitative article were each compared to a translational research article. The articles are peer-reviewed, published within the last five years, and pertain to the nursing practice problem. The assignment criteria are fully met.
Comparison of Methodology Between Translational and Traditional Research 15.0% The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is omitted. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is incomplete. There are significant inaccuracies. A summary comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is presented. Some aspects are incorrect or unclear. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is adequately presented. Some aspects require more detail for accuracy or clarity. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is thorough and accurate. A clear understanding of translational and traditional methodologies is demonstrated.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, and language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is employed Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
Topic 2 DQ 2
Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics. Explain how translational research can be applied in these areas to address the burden of global disease.
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
Translational research is utilized to improve clinical care by scientifically studying a healthcare issue or problem to improve health performance of the community. The primary goal of transitional research is to bridge the gap between scientific research and clinical practice ( Khodyakov et al.,2016). Because scientists take the findings from translational research and apply them to clinical practice for the benefit of the public, the principles in translational research are employed in a variety of other fields or disciplines. For example, ecological and global issues, social determinants of health and principles of genetics and genomics observations can be investigated and researched to transform public health and address policy concerns. Therefore, any attempt to improve human health based on new scientific knowledge can be considered translational. This can be achieved by an interdisciplinary team of scientists with expertise in basic, biomedical, clinical, and applied sciences who collaborate to address global health disparities affecting community populations (Brown, 2016). For example, molecular biologists and pathologists study gene mutations which may result in the development of diseases such as diabetes mellitus (Brown, 2016). However, according to Brown (2016), abnormal genes alone do not result in the development of diabetes mellitus or any other disease, but other contributing risk factors that are analyzed by public health experts such as the genetic predisposition to obesity, long-term consumption of an unhealthy diet, and lack of physical exercise may contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Brown, A. (2016). Utilizing translational research to eliminate health disparity. MOJ Public Health, 4(1), 13. DOI: 10.15406/mojph.2016.04.00067
Khodyakov, D., Mikesell, L., Schraiber, R., Booth, M., & Bromley, E. (2016). On using ethical principles of community-engaged research in translational science. Translational Research, 171, 52-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trsl.2015.12.008
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
I enjoy reading your post; Translational research produces more relevant, pertinent outcomes crucial to health care. Translation research is to “translate” or move science discoveries more efficiently into health practices, and it recognize and support the adoption of the best medical and health practices. Translational research is required to render human genome discoveries into health practice in ways that optimize health benefits and minimizes harm to individuals and populations. I agree the primary goal of transitional research is to bridge the gap between scientific research and clinical practice. Additionally, the spectrum of multidisciplinary translation research builds on preceding characterization efforts in genomics and other areas in health care and prevention.
Translational Research Graphic Organizer State the nursing practice problem for your evidence-based practice project. If your nursing problem has not yet been approved, make any required changes or revisions to your nursing practice problem prior to starting the assignment. Using your proposed topic, conduct a literature search and complete the tables below. Nursing Practice Problem: The problem that this project seeks to address is the incomprehensive hand-off during nurse change-overs. Roslan & Lim (2017) characterized the problem as the communication breakdown that happens during nurse-to-nurse change-overs. The problem arises because nurses use ineffective handover practices that increase the risks of miscommunication. For example, nurses practice bedside handovers whereby information is verbally shared between off-shift and incoming nurses (Fealy et al, 2018). There is also no structured procedure, framework, and/or checklist used to conduct handovers (Fealy et al, 2018). As a result, inaccurate, incomplete, and misleading information is transferred. This is a significant problem because it increases the risks of medical errors thus compromising patient safety. Comparison 1: Translational Research vs. Qualitative Research Criter ia Peer-Reviewed Translational Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Article and Permalink/Working Permalink/Working Link: Link: Fealy, G., Donelly, S., Doyle, G., Brenner, M., Patterson, A., McIntire, E., Hughes, M, Mylotte, E.,…Ziki, M. (20 …