NUR 514 Leadership Style Reflective Essay
Management and leadership are required to provide high-quality healthcare services. Although they demand different outlooks, abilities, and attitudes, they are both analogous in some ways. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), exceptional managers should strive to become good leaders, and effective leaders require management skills (World Health Organization, 2019). Leaders share their vision of what is possible with others. Leaders develop techniques for bringing the vision to life by inspiring people and seeking resources. Managers ensure that resources are used efficiently and effectively in order to achieve the best results (WHO, 2019).
While management is generally regarded as a science since it consists of a set of logical methods that can be followed to carry out whatever the role requires, leadership is frequently regarded as an art rather than a science. Leaders and managers differ in a variety of ways, based on my experience working in the healthcare industry. Leaders actively develop goals and objectives for the individuals who work for them while aiming for efficiency. Managers work hard to complete projects and often stay on the job for as long as it takes.
Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) may both lead and manage because of their expert level of knowledge, complex decision-making ability, and clinical competences for expanded practice unique to the setting in which they are credentialed.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) shifted the emphasis of health-care delivery away from a fee-for-service model and more toward care quality. In the field of oncology, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) established the Oncology Care Model (OCM). The goal of OCM is to financially incentivize high-quality oncology care (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services [CMS], 2021). My practice participates in OCM, and we are audited by CMS every year, with specific criteria in the patients’ charts being examined. Oral oncolytic adherence protocols are one of the criteria they are focusing on. In the patient’s chart, we must provide documentation demonstrating that we are monitoring the patient’s adherence to oral medications. We will be financially rewarded if our practice meets the OCM guidelines. On the other hand, if we break the rules, we may face financial consequences. This encourages the practice as a whole to put policies and procedures in place to ensure that our patients get the best care possible.
Another ACA-enacted health equity policy prohibits insurance companies from denying coverage or imposing waiting periods based on pre-existing conditions (Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered [FORCE], 2021). This is particularly significant in oncology. Cancer patients frequently lose their jobs due to inability to work due to treatment schedules or adverse events. These patients will need to find alternative health insurance policies because they may lose their work insurance. Previously, health insurers could refuse coverage for cancer therapies if the patient was diagnosed with cancer prior to enrolling in the policy. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) will ensure health-care equity for all people, regardless of whether they have a chronic or serious illness.
The purpose of this assignment is to assist learners in developing effective communication by emphasizing the proper application of APA style. APA style is required for the graduate program.
Refer to the resources in the course materials and Student Success Center for assistance with APA. Use the APA Style Guide resource, located in the Student Success Center, to complete this assignment.
For this assignment, complete the following:
Self-awareness is essential for developing leadership skills. Recognizing your own strengths, weaknesses, and values, and understanding emotional intelligence and learning styles can help you to be a more effective nurse leader.
For this assignment, you have the opportunity to take a variety of self-assessments to learn more about yourself and identify your assets and weaknesses as a leader. This will assist you in discovering how you can improve your own self-leadership skills. You will be asked to think critically about your results and submit a reflection as directed below.
Refer to the study materials. Select and complete three self-assessments. Be sure to document the results of each assessment to assist you in completing the reflection portion of the assignment below.
Becoming self-aware is an ongoing process requiring introspection. The more often people practice self-reflection, the more opportunities they have to understand their own behaviors and adapt their approaches to working with other people, which can improve both your own and other’s abilities to meet their professional goals.
In a 1,000-1,250 word reflective essay, address the following:
- Provide a rationale and brief summary for selecting each self-assessment. Summarize the results you obtained on each assessment.
- Identify the leadership style that closely aligns to your philosophy of care and explain what appeals to you about that style.
3. Reflect on how you might incorporate elements of that particular style as you exercise leadership in a practice or health care organization setting.
4. Discuss any particular areas for improvement the assessments helped you identify and some steps for improving your leadership capabilities.
5. Analyze the characteristics of an effective professional nurse leader, or individuals in nursing leadership. Discuss the characteristics and explain why they are effective for leadership in nursing.
6. Analyze different leadership theories and leadership styles. Select one theory and leadership style, different from your own, and explain how they each support a professional nurse leader or individual in nursing leadership. Consider how the theory shapes the nurse leader in such things as collaboration, conflict resolution, decision making, and negotiation.
You are required to cite three to five sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Complete the “APA Writing Checklist” to ensure that your paper adheres to APA style and formatting criteria and general guidelines for academic writing. Include the completed checklist as an appendix at the end of your paper.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Materials if you need assistance.
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
What differentiates servant leadership from other styles of leadership is the primary focus on the follower first. Most styles of leadership direct their focus first on a mission and second on empowering followers to achieve that mission. Servant leadership directs its focus first on the ability of the individuals to succeed and then on the success of the mission. Servant leaders help their followers to grow and succeed, which in turn aids in accomplishing the organizational mission. The perception of a servant leader should be one of a courageous steward who holds people accountable for their own good. Servant leaders are those individuals who develop and empower others to reach their highest potential. This speaks directly to the individual potential of the followers rather than the organization. Servant leadership assumes that if the followers are maximizing their potential, it will directly translate to the potential of the organization and its overall performance. When servant leadership is applied correctly and with proper intentions, an authentic and natural form of reciprocity takes place between the leader and follower, which in turn increases workforce engagement and improves organizational performance (Gandolfi & Stone, 2018).
Servant leadership includes ten characteristics- listening, empathy, healing, awareness, persuasion, conceptualization, foresight, stewardship, commitment to growth of people, and building community (Gandolfi & Stone, 2018). Communication begins with listening. A servant leader hears what others are saying through both verbal and nonverbal communication and reflect upon what they hear to lead a group to its full potential. Having empathy or understanding and sharing the feelings of followers allow servant leaders to be placed in a position at the level of those followers. Servant leaders are further able to identify the characteristics hat make each individual unique and provide them with the ability to understand how best to support and lead their followers to achieve success in the mission, in this case how the staff nurses respond to their patients’ needs. While the leaders may not always accept the performance or actions of followers, the leader always accept each follower as an individual.
When the servant nurse leader displays a genuine interest in the team and further support through meeting the needs of the team, the quality of care increases within the organization (Thomas, 2018). Listening and empathy displayed by the servant nurse leader to their patients provides for interprofessional communication as the nurse will include the patient and family to identify the patient needs, make decisions regarding the patient’s care, solve problems together, and evaluate the planned treatment.
As a Nurse Manager, I employed servant leadership especially during the annual employee evaluation process. The employee evaluation process simply stated only evaluates if the individual is meeting the expectations of the organization. It lacks personal development features. I created a format that tasked each nurse to assess areas of strengths and opportunities. Then together we discussed strategies to develop those areas. For example, a nurse with two years of experience felt she was not ‘experienced’ enough to consider growth in the department when viewed alongside nurses with more years of experience. A goal we set together was to attend a preceptor course to then begin first mentoring nursing students and later to precept new hire nurses to the department.
A servant leader is a skilled communicator, a compassionate collaborator, a system thinker, and someone who leads with moral authority. Nursing practice and the vocation of nursing lends itself to the servant leadership model through its dedication of service.
Gandolfi, F., Stone, S. (2018). Leadership, Leadership Styles, and Servant Leadership. Journal of Management Research (09725814), 18(4), 261-269. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=132968632&site=eds-live&scope=site
Thomas, J.S. (2018). Applying servant leadership in practice. Nursing Leadership and Management: Leading and Serving. 1, Ch. 3. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs451vn/nursing-leadership-and-mangement-leading-and-serving/v1.1/#/chapter/3
RESPOND TO HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
The servant leader in nursing is genuinely compassionate and caring towards employees. This type of leader is inclusive and engaging without being coercive toward personnel (Sherman, 2019). The leader shares governance and responsibilities for the unit and organization. The leader seeks to support staff through empowerment and inspiration. The servant-leader assists employees to resolve problems and supports their professional development. According to Sherman (2019), there are characteristics associated with servant leadership including “listening, empathy, healing, awareness, persuasion, conceptualization, foresight, stewardship, commitment to the growth of people, and building community” (para. 4). These are all qualities that show caring and consideration to others. Many bedside nurses perform exceptionally for their patients utilizing many of these elements up to and including going up the chain of command to advocate for their patients. In nursing, this is a component of the definition of our work. We are tasked within our capacity to assist our patients in achieving healthful outcomes in a caring and empathetic manner that places each patient at the forefront of all care. We utilize limited resources to maximize our performance for the benefit of our patients. Nurses think ahead and foresee potential dangers to our patients. We are persuasive when necessary to attain the help our patients may need. We are interested in the growth and development of our patients through the hospitalization event and onward. We partner with the patient and others to deliver exceptional care. These qualities are utilized for patients who experience an early postoperative complication but are true for the care delivered to all patients.
Sherman, R. (2019). The case for servant leadership. Nurse Leader, 17(2), 86–87.