NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care. How could you use them for inciting behavioral changes? Discuss the pros and cons of applying each theory and how they could be integrated into your future practice. Are there any particular ethical issues related to the integration of these theories that should be considered?

Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model. This model looks at the patient’s characteristics and behaviors and how nursing interventions can help adapt, add, or improve the patient’s healthy behaviors. Pender believed that health is a positive dynamic state, meaning that overall health includes physical, mental, and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of illness or disease (Current Nursing, 2020). Pender’s model is foundational in public health and disease prevention and has helped outline how nursing practice can spark the patient’s healthy lifestyle changes. This theory focuses on inciting behavioral changes that promote self-care and prevention of illness by looking at biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors (Gonzalo, 2021). This is done by examining the benefits, barriers, influences, commitment, and self-efficacy of the patient’s actions. This model can be used to prevent disease, obesity, and future spread of infection. A limitation of this model can be related to the patient’s willingness to change and the nurse’s ability to provide adequate education and reassess interventions when necessary. Increasing responsibilities at the bedside, increased charting, increased acuity, and a lack of nurse-patient ratios can significantly impact the success of this model in an acute care setting. Additionally, ethical issues can be raised in terms of the scope of public health and disease prevention and how it relates to religious beliefs. For example, sexual health promotes the use of birth control and contraceptive methods, and some religions disapprove of contraception and have procreation views. Another example of ethical issues in health promotion can be seen with the highly politicized 2020 mask mandates and the individual’s right to choose their health behaviors.

Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory focuses on the idea of promoting patient independence over self-care (Current Nursing, 2020). This theory can be applied to guide nursing care, essentially individualizing plans of care where deficits lie. Orem believed that a patient could better recover if nurses worked to maintain patient independence. This can range from providing total care, assistance with using the restroom and bathing, and providing education to allow the patient to care for self. The nurse’s role is to assess the patient’s strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and needs; and then form appropriate interventions that promote patient independence (Current Nursing, 2020). I believe that having patient autonomy and independence can help institute behavioral changes within the patient. Promoting self-care in patients can also promote health maintenance; encouraging and advocating for patient self-care can help patients make lifelong behavioral changes. A limitation of Orem’s theory is that it is very focused on self-care tasks and can often overlook the patient’s spiritual and emotional needs (Current Nursing, 2020). Additionally, this theory can be limited by the patient’s understanding of their illness, ability to understand teaching, or the family’s ability to assist with self-care needs successfully. For example, if a patient needs assistance with home wound care, the patient and family may be taught how to dress the wound appropriately, but perhaps the patient and family members don’t have the stomach for wound care. Or maybe there are barriers to learning. Ethical concerns can arise if nursing interventions go against a patient’s cultural or religious beliefs.

I find both of these models useful, but I believe as a future informatics nurse that Pender’s Health Promotion Model would help incite behavioral changes. Pender’s model essentially embodies provoking behavioral changes; keeping this in mind, future research and implementation of technologies can be used within this model’s framework to promote disease prevention and optimal health behaviors.

References

Current Nursing. (2020). Nursing theories: Open access articles on nursing theories and models. https://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_self_care_deficit_theory.html

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gonzalo, A. (2021, March 5). Nola Pender: Health promotion model. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/nola-pender-health-promotion-model/

RESPOND  HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

Indeed Gina Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model is suitable in inciting behavioral change.  The model examines individual traits and characteristics. The patient information will determine a behavioral change introduced based on the expected outcome. Pender’s model takes a wholesome model when examining the patient. The model allows a nurse to evaluate the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of a patient before deciding on the right intervention (Khoshnood et al., 2018). Pender’s protocols reduce the chances of committing errors. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is also a theory that supports behavioral adjustments. However, Dorothea believes in patient independence’s influence on behavioral change and patient recuperation.  The self-care deficit theory mandates the healthcare provider with the obligation of granting patient autonomy (Hernández et al., 2017). All nursing theories are important most nurses may want to incorporate them in nursing practice. Nevertheless, Pender’s health promotion model will be preferable due to its holistic approach to patient’s behavioral assessment before initiating the transformational process.

 

References

Hernández, Y. N., Pacheco, J. A. C., & Larreynaga, M. R. (2017). The self-care deficit nursing theory: Dorothea Elizabeth Orem. Gaceta Médica Espirituana19(3).

Khoshnood, Z., Rayyani, M., & Tirgari, B. (2018). Theory analysis for Pender’s health promotion model (HPM) by Barnum’s criteria: a critical perspective. International journal of adolescent medicine and health1(ahead-of-print).

Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

Many nursing models have come into practice since the early 1950’s (DeNisco & Barker, 2016). May of these theories focus on a patient as a individual and therefore focus their behavioral modifications and goals on an individual’s unique circumstances (DeNisco & Barker, 2016). While this path is incredibly important, it is also pivotal to understand that many of our patients belong to a family unit and this will directly impact their care (DeNisco & Barker, 2016). This discussion will focus on the Calgary family assessment Model and the Modeling and Role Modeling theory.

The Calgary Assessment Model is a framework that is multidimensional and focuses on assessing a family with the aim and focus of resolving issues within the family environment (All Answers Ltd, 2018). This model focuses on assessing based on three categories, structural, developmental and functional (All Answers Ltd, 2018). The structural component focuses on the how the familial unit is structured based on three key concepts, internal structure, external structure and context (All Answers Ltd, 2018). This model can be applicable to nursing practice by understanding that all patients are part of a larger family unit that can directly impact their health care. In my practice this is incredibly true for patients who have had strokes. In order to change behaviors in the patients it’s incredibly important to include families in post stroke education.

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

The Modeling and Role Modeling theory was developed in 1983 by Helen Erickson, Evelyn Tomlin and Mary Swain (“Model and Role Modeling Theory”, n.d.). This theory focuses on the nurse’s ability to care for each patient and enables them to identify the uniqueness of the patient (“Model and Role Modeling Theory”, n.d ).This theory is built on foundational principles of many other theorist including Maslow, Piagets and Erikson (“Model and Role Modeling Theory”, n.d). This theory identifies commonalties with all patients, these are holism or the belief that people are the more than a sum of their parts, basic needs that drive all patients, affiliation, attachment, psychological stages and, cognitive stages (“Model and Role Modeling Theory”, n.d). The differences that exist between patients are unique to an individual and they focus on genetics, view of the world, adaption, stress and self-care process (“Model and Role Modeling Theory”, n.d). Understanding that each patient is unique and has specific behaviors, genetics and self-care practices that make them uniquely them helps to tailor a care plan that is specific to each patient.

Both of these models do not present ethical dilemmas in the way they are integrated into care. They should be a platform to build care that aims to be of quality and safe.

References

All Answers Ltd. (November 2018). Calgary Family Assessment Model | Case Study. Retrieved from https://nursinganswers.net/essays/calgary-family-assessment-model-study-7564.php?vref=1

 

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

 

Model and Role Modeling Theory. (n.d.). Nursing Theories. https://currentnursing.com/theory/Model_and-Role-modeling_theory.html.

Reply 

I concur with you that since the early 1950s many nursing models have been generated due to the increase in nursing research. Many nursing models have increased the range of choice among nurses.  However, most nursing models focus on a patient as an individual with behaviors that must change to facilitate recovery from most health complications. Calgary family assessment Model and the Modeling and Role Modeling theory are examples of nursing theories. Calgary family assessment model focuses on the family environment. The assessment model allows a nurse to examine the family and find out issues that require intervention (Tucci & Oliveira, 2019).  Resolving family issues will automatically lead to family and family members’ recuperation. The Modeling and Role Modeling theory allows nurses to determine similarities among patients. The commonalities allow the nurse to develop a framework that will consider the similarities (Matouš et al., 2017). Calgary family assessment Model and the Modeling and Role Modeling theory can all be applied in nursing practice. The models do not create an ethical dilemma that will compromise their suitability.

NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

References

Matouš, K., Geers, M. G., Kouznetsova, V. G., & Gillman, A. (2017). A review of predictive nonlinear theories for multiscale modeling of heterogeneous materials. Journal of Computational Physics330, 192-220.

Tucci, B. F. M., & Oliveira, M. D. (2019). Alcoholic beverage users: structural and functional aspects based on the Calgary Model. Revista da Rede de Enfermagem do Nordeste20, 1-8.

Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

Lydia Hall’s theory centers around the concepts of core, care, and cure. The core is the patient who needs nursing care that is nurturing providing comfort. The nurse provides care directed at biological functions, educating the patient, and providing help in activities that the patient is unable to perform. The cure is attention from the health care team including nursing that assists in the healing process of the core (Care, Core, and Cure: the Three Cs of Lydia Hall, 2021). Subrata (2019) discusses the use of Lydia Hall’s theory to treat pressure ulcers in the community. The nurse would provide teaching, nursing care, and collaborate with an interdisciplinary team to treat decubiti. Another interesting theory is that of Katherine Kolcaba. This theory is centered around comfort described as relief, ease, and transcendence. A holistic approach is used to achieve comfort through the physical, psychospiritual, social, and environmental areas (Comfort Theory by Katharine Kolcaba, 2021).  Comfort or relief can be achieved through physical means in the form of catheterizing a patient who has urinary retention. the removal of urine eases the discomfort of a full bladder.  Transcendence is then achieved as the patient can see beyond their biological issues. Both theories could be utilized to encourage change through education (Hall’s theory) and showing the patient-specific actions that can lead to their comfort (Kolcaba’s theory). Both theories could be applied to practice as they deal with direct care of the patient. Hall’s theory focuses on the care and cure of the core or patient. This is the essential part of nursing.  Care is provided to patients in a manner that can lead to healing. Kolcaba’s theory suggests that patient care should come from a desire to create a state of comfort for the patient. This is a desirous situation for nursing for all patients. These two theories describe one particular perspective of nursing. While they are descriptive of nursing, they are not all-encompassing and do not cater to an individual patient. Patient care should be individualized. These theories are an important aspect of care that can be taught to future nurses.  From an ethical point of view, individualized care for each patient is important in order to develop a rapport that can assist the patient in their health care needs. Since no two individuals are alike, it is important to include the patient in an individualized plan.

 

References

Care, core, and cure: The three Cs of Lydia Hall. (2021). Nursing theories: Open access articles on nursing theories and models. Retrieved March 18, 2021, from https://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Lydia_Hall_Care_Cure_Core.html

Comfort theory by Katharine Kolcaba. (2021). Nursing theories: open access articles on nursing theories and models. Retrieved March 18, 2021, from https://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/comfort_theory_Kathy_Kolcaba.html

Sumarno, A. (2019). Pressure ulcers: The core, care and cure approach. British Journal of Community Nursing24(Sup12), S38–S42. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2019.24.sup12.s38

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

I agree with you Camille that Lydia Hall’s theory prioritizes core, care, and cure. The model refers to the patient as the core, nursing response as the care, and then the positive outcome as the cure. Nurses provide care through various activities within their limits. Health promotion and engaging in nursing activities are some interventions used in nursing practice. The three elements in the model are important in the recovery process (Sumarno, 2019). Nurses ensure the core, care, cure are handled in the right way. Katherine Kolcaba is another model examining comfort and relief in the intervention process. Patients with various health complications report discomfort. Nurses use their expertise to intervene and eliminate the discomfort (Gaibor et al., 2021).  Nurses through their holistic handling of sickness can handle emotional, physical, and psychological discomfort. Patient care should be tailored according to individual healing needs.  Therefore, nurses should conduct adequate testing to ensure that the recovering process address the patient needs

References

Gaibor, D. M., Auquilla, J. Y., Sinche, N. P., & Paredes, N. V. (2021). Stories of the elderly in relation to Katharine Kolcaba’s Theory (Chillanes-Ecuador). Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research| Jan-Mar11(1), 49.

Sumarno, A. S. (2019). Pressure ulcers: the core, care and cure approach. British journal of community nursing24(Sup12), S38-S42.