NRS429V Wk4 Assignment: Family Health Assessment
People are educated how their choices have affected their general health and well-being through health education. Health promotion occurs when a person applies this knowledge to improve their own health. Nurses actively engage in both health promotion and health education to help patients take control over their own health promotion (Grand Canyon University, 2018). The nursing process is critical for the development of health education. To begin, you must ascertain the patient’s present level of knowledge and desired learning style. Following that, make a plan for the patient’s education and the ways they will respond to best. The plan should then be implemented. Finally, you must evaluate the patient’s retention of information.
When I lived in the Midwest, the opioid crisis was a major concern for many of my friends and family. Because of a lack of education, many people I knew who were not drug users became addicted to opioids. This addiction made no distinctions based on social or economic standing. To halt the opioid epidemic, health education programs aimed at preventing opioid addiction and use must be implemented before overdoses or opioid-related comorbidities occur (Policy Brief A Nation in Crisis: A Health Education Approach to Preventing Opioid Misuse and Addiction, n.d.). Before any patient begins taking any of these medications, it is critical to inform them of their addictive properties in order to aid in the reduction of drug addiction. People will be informed before receiving an opioid through government programs. If they are ever given an opioid prescription, they can discuss it with their doctor. As a result, health education benefits both safety and quality of life, while also empowering members of the community to make informed health decisions (Policy Brief A Nation in Crisis: A Health Education Approach to Preventing Opioid Misuse and Addiction, n.d.).
Individual wellness and health usually depend on several things, which should be under considerable control if an individual must have better health outcomes. Central to individuals’ or families’ holistic health view is family health assessment since the activity is critical in directing a family nurse on the appropriate area of focus (Kaakiken et al., 2018). Therefore, various functional health patterns are applied in assessing individuals or families, with the assessment formulated to retrieve as much data as
possible from individuals or families and analyze the data. The purpose of this write-up is to formulate an interview questionnaire and used it in a family-focused functional assessment. In addition, from the interview conducted, the paper will also address the family structure, summarize the specific family health behaviors and functional health patterns. Again, the paper will address how family system theory can be used to bring changes in the family to effect positive changes.
The Family Structure
For the assessment, the family chosen can be described as one which is embracing modern trends, though they still value their traditional culture and beliefs. The family has five members, a father, a mother, and three children. While two of the children are their biological children, the remaining one is adopted. The family is a white family which embraces Christianity as their religion. Both the husband and wife have white-color jobs, stable financially, and so, they are among the high class in the society. Their financial comfortability has enabled them to build a home where the children live peacefully and have a good upbringing environment.
Overall Family Health Behavior and Current Health
On a scale of one to ten, the family’s health behavior is an eight out of ten. As a result, it qualifies as good. In recent years, the family has been proactive about their health choices. The fact that the wife is a trained nutritionist and the man enjoys physical fitness allows for such admirable behavior, resulting in a synergistic effect on their health. As a result, they prefer to prevent rather than treat diseases. The family exercises regularly and eats a well-balanced diet that emphasizes organic and healthy foods. The couple’s primary goal is to instill in their children a culture of good nutrition and active physical activity. NRS429V Wk4 Assignment: Family Health Assessment
The husband is responsible for ensuring that everyone in the family adheres to their physical exercise schedule as needed. He works with his wife to ensure that his children do not become victims of the sedentary lifestyle that comes with spending most of their time watching television and playing video games. While the parents engage in one hour of physical activity per day on their own, they also attend Saturday and Sunday family sessions to help their children develop culture. Children are encouraged to participate in school activities such as sports in addition to the physical activities directed at home.
Despite being nearly perfect in terms of diet and physical activity, the family falls short when it comes to wellness checks or doctor visits. They are reactive rather than proactive, seeking medical attention only when they have a need or a problem. All of the family members are mentally and physically fit, according to the assessment. The father and one of the children, on the other hand, had health issues that necessitated medical attention the previous year. The issue was resolved, and the family is now in good health.
Functional Health Pattern Strengths and Barriers to Health Areas.
As earlier indicated, this family was near perfect in terms of their nutrition and physical exercise. The fact that the mother is a trained nutritionist makes the family have a healthy diet as part of their daily lifestyle. Among the criteria they use in choosing the family food is that the foods have to be organic and healthy while the snacks offered to the children are also healthy foods. Even though the children can sometimes use the normal processed food as snacks, they are usually provided with fruits to use as snacks. The excellence of the family in this area is also evident from the nature of foods stored in the fridge and in the house, which are all healthy. Physical exercise is also part of the family’s strength. The parents, especially the father, are passionate about staying physically sound and are leading from the front. They have ensured that the lifestyle and culture of physical exercise are instilled in their children, with daily personal exercise routines and family physical exercise engagements during weekends. NRS429V Wk4 Assignment Family Health Assessment
In terms of barriers to health, one of the areas identified includes sleep and the family sleeping patterns. The parents have been used to not getting enough sleep, and seemingly, the children have been copying the poor trend from them. The parents have confessed that they usually stay up until late with work engagements. They have found it extremely difficult to adjust and even make their children sleep early enough, even if they were to go to school the following day. This is likely to affect the children’s school performance and their mental health in the long run (Suvillan & Ordia, 2018). As pointed earlier, this family only visits the doctor when a need or a problem arises, making this another area of concern. Doctors’ visits and medical check-ups are critical for an individual’s health, and even though this family acknowledges the same, it has not been easy to make it part of their lifestyle or culture. There is a probability that in the future, they may identify a health problem in a family member when it is too late to undertake any meaningful treatment effort.
The other identified area of problem is in the family roles and relationships. The parents confessed that they have more frequent family disagreements and arguments, brought about by how they spend their salary. Indeed, they said that there is a time it went so bad that they thought of divorce, but they eventually decided to stay together and solve the differences for the sake of the children. Even though they still have such disagreements, they are able to solve them better after they made an attempt to see a marriage and finance counsellor. Such disagreements and arguments are not good for their children, affecting them mentally and socially (Keller et al., 2018).
Application of System Theory to Solicit Change
The family systems theory can be applied appropriately to help bring change to this family for the better. This theory regards a family as a unified whole and not as isolation of individuals (Keller et al., 2018). The behavior of the persons in the family system is controlled by setting boundaries and aspects of agreements formulated. Therefore, the responsibilities and roles of every member of the unit are appropriately defined, and the frameworks of respect are formulated. As such, this theory can be appropriate in helping this family define the behavior boundaries. For instance, the parents and the children can make deliberate agreements that no one should be awake or working after a specific time during the night. The parents can also set boundaries for their arguments while they still work on rooting up the culture of disagreements and arguments. For example, they may come up with a rule that only constructive arguments should be undertaken and that no disagreements should be shown when the children are seeing.
Many factors determine the overall health and well-being of individuals and families. Therefore, such factors should be frequently checked and evaluated to ensure that families are on track. This assignment has entailed a formulation of an interview questionnaire used to assess a family having a total of five members. While this family did well in most of the health indicators, there are a few areas in which they still need to adjust for better overall health.
Kaakinen, J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., & Robinson, M. (2018). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research. FA Davis.
Keller, M. N., & Noone, R. J. (Eds.). (2019). Handbook of Bowen Family Systems Theory and Research Methods: A Systems Model for Family Research. Routledge.
Sullivan, K., & Ordiah, C. (2018). Association of mildly insufficient sleep with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research, 30, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.npbr.2018.03.001