Discussion: NRS 429 Role of Health Education
Obesity is a significant population health problem in the United States that must be properly addressed. Educating the community is one of the ways of addressing this problem (Niles & McEwen, 2018). Cognitivism is a learning theory that might be used to educate individuals about diabetes. The theory focuses on the mental process such as thinking, memory, knowing, and problem-solving. The human mind is like a computer whereby information comes in and leads to a certain outcome. This theory depicts that students learn effectively by reading textbooks and lecture instructions. In cognitivism, learning happens when students recognize information by either finding new explanations or adapting to the old ones. It is about a change in knowledge that is stored in one’s memory.
A group of church members can be a sizeable portion of a community, hence, they may be effectively engaged in an educational program. Cognitivism theory of learning may be applied by engaging the members in discussions. The discussion will make them understand the concept more. Also, discussion helps students improve their intellectual agility (Harasim, 2017). Another way to apply cognitivism is by providing them with textbooks or handouts for reading. These resources have important information that students need to know. The third strategy includes linking concepts to real-world examples to give learners the real image of consequences related to diabetes. These strategies will enable the learners to assimilate and process important knowledge about diabetes to make them change risky behaviors (Bullard et al., 2018). If solving the problem is changing behavior, then these strategies will help the learners to think about it, memorize it, know how to do it, and eventually execute healthy behaviors (Illeris, 2018).
Bullard, K. M., Cowie, C. C., Lessem, S. E., Saydah, S. H., Menke, A., Geiss, L. S., … & Imperatore, G. (2018). Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in adults by diabetes type—United States, 2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(12), 359. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6712a2.htm
Harasim, L. (2017). Learning theory and online technologies. Abingdon: Routledge.
Illeris, K. (Ed.). (2018). Contemporary theories of learning: learning theorists in their own words. Abingdon: Routledge.
Niles, M. & McEwen, M. (2018). Community/Public Health Nursing. St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier.
NRS 429V Week 3 Discussion 2
Traditionally, nutrition programs were targeted to the indigent and poor populations in developing countries. Many of today’s Americans are malnourished also, but they are inundated with unhealthy foods and require a multidisciplinary approach to nutrition education. What would be the three most important points to include in a public nutrition program? Provide current literature to support your answer and include two nutritional education community resources.
DQ 3 OLD
Compare and contrast the three different levels of health promotion (primary, secondary, tertiary). Discuss how the levels of prevention help determine educational needs for a patient.
Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
The Life approach to Health promotion and disease prevention contributes to greater awareness and healthier lifestyle, and subsequently improves health and quality of life. A healthy diet, physical activity, the reduction of stress as well as access to preventive health care contribute to a healthier lifestyle. Preventive measures for all age groups reduce treatment and care cost throughout the life course, particularly in old age. One can distinguish between primary, secondary and Tertiary preventive care.
Primary Prevention– Primary prevention is the protection of health by implementing personal and community wide action such as practices good hand hygiene, adequate nutrition, regular check up or screening tests, proper immunizations, proper physical activity and exercise. This is done by preventive exposures to hazard that cause disease or injury, alternating unhealthy and unsafe behavior leading to disease or injury. Nurse can educate the people to get proper immunization, about hand hygiene practices, proper sanitation.
Secondary Prevention- Encompasses early detection of disease of departures of department from good health and for prompt and effective corrective action. Mainly secondary prevention aims to reduce the impact of disease or injury that has already occurred. This is done by detecting and treating disease or as soon as possible to slow its progress. Example nurse can educate the people for regular mammograms for the women above age oof 50 and colonoscopy for the men above 55years old , papsmear for women after 30years of her age , patient with family history of heart disease can check their Blood pressure regularly at home.
Tertiary Prevention- consists of measures to reduce and eliminate the long term impairments and disabilities, minimize suffering caused by existing departure from good health and promote the patient’s adjustment to irremediable conditions. This is done by helping people manage long term health problems such as stroke patients or patient with arthritis, In this level Nurse can involve the family members in rehabilitation care. Various therapies can be involve in tertiary prevention such as occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy.
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. (n.d.). https://www.iwh.on.ca/what-researchers-mean-by/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention
About. (n.d.). Who emro | health promotion and disease prevention through population-based interventions, including action to address social determinants and health inequity | public health functions | about who. http://www.emro.who.int/about-who/public-health-functions/health-promotion-disease-prevention.html