CLC – Community Assessment And Analysis Presentation

NRS 428 CLC – Community Assessment And Analysis Presentation

CLC – Community Assessment And Analysis Presentation

This assignment consists of both an interview and a PowerPoint (PPT) presentation.

Assessment/Interview

Select a community of interest. It is important that the community selected be one in which a CLC group member currently resides. Students residing in the chosen community should be assigned to perform the physical assessment of the community

Community assessment entails an evaluation of a community’s needs that enables to identify existing resources and suitable strategies for executing them. A practical approach for evaluating available community resources is through community asset mapping. Asset mapping entails labeling resources such as organizational resources, persons’ skill sets, institutions, physical spaces, associations, and components of the local economy (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). This paper seeks to discuss a health problem in my community, St. Tammany Parish, LA, and assess the community’s capacity to resolve the health problem by community asset mapping.

Description of Community

According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau, St. Tammany Parish in Covington, Louisiana, is the 4th most populous ParishParish in the State of Louisiana out of 64 parishes with a population of 253,602. The male population is approximately 114,000 and female is 120,000. The racial-ethnic distribution in St. Tammany Parish  as per the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau includes 79.5% White, 11.7% Black, and 5.2% Hispanic. In 2015, residents had a median household income of $62,137. Nevertheless, 11.4% of people living in St. Tammany Parish live in poverty (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015). The median age is  39.8 years.

Health Problem

The identified health problem in St. Tammany Parish is obesity. Obesity is a lifestyle condition characterized by an excess of body fat. Obesity is the most prevalent nutritional-related lifestyle disorder affecting both children and adults. It is also the second cause of preventable mortality in the U.S (CDC, 2020). According to the Southern Surgical Hospital community health needs assessment,  the population with the highest risk of developing obesity in St. Tammany Parish includes adults 20 years and older. The CDC statistics, revealed that St. Tammany Parish had an adult obesity rate of 28.80% in 2015. The obesity rate was lower than the Louisiana State’s rate of 35.5%, ranked fifth in the U.S.

The high adult obesity rate has been attributed to physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking. The Department of Health State of Louisiana report revealed that St. Tammany Parish had an adult physical inactivity rate of 23.90%, excessive drinking rate of 20.10%, and smoking rate of 20.40%. Nevertheless, the community had access to exercise opportunities rate of 83.80%. The high obesity rate and poor health behaviors have been attributed to a marked increase in preventable hospital stay due to specific disease processes such as vascular disease and diabetes.

The residents of St. Tammany Parish face lifestyle, emotional, and cultural barriers, which makes a majority of obese individuals to not seek for obesity.  According to Southern Surgical Hospital, (2017) there are a few quality-driven programs in the Parish, that produce positive results for obese persons. Residents face barriers due to a shortage of specialists since those who provide obesity services are usually located in higher populated areas, and the residents are separated by long distances. Besides, it is difficult for residents to locate health professionals who specialize in bariatric intervention and weight loss management (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). Furthermore, most obese individuals often delay seeking healthcare due to emotional and psychological causes until they develop multiple comorbidities.

The Community’s Capacity To Resolve Adult Obesity

Building blocks are categorized as either primary, secondary, or potential. Primary building blocks refer to assets located in the community and controlled by residents and are usually readily available for rebuilding the neighborhood (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They can be individual assets such as talents, skills, personal businesses, home-based enterprises, personal income, and gifts of labeled people (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They can also be organizational assets such as Associations of businesses and citizens, organizations of culture, communications, and religion.

Secondary building blocks refer to assets found in the community but are controlled mainly by outsiders. They include Private and nonprofit organizations such as hospitals, higher education institutions, and social service agencies; Physical resources such as vacant land, commercial and industrial structures, and energy and waste resources (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). Public institutions such as public schools, libraries, police, and parks. Potential building blocks entail resources from outside the neighborhood and are controlled by outsiders (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1996). They include public capital improvement expenditures, welfare expenditures, and public information.

Primary building blocks available in St. Tammany Parish that can help resolve adult obesity include gyms, health education groups, and health clubs (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). The primary building blocks, such as gyms, can be utilized by residents to engage in physical exercises to help in weight reductions and preventing overweight and obesity. Besides, health education groups and health clubs can be used to educate the residents on the health effects of obesity, interventions to avoid overweight and obesity, and practical strategies to reduce weight.

Secondary building blocks available include playgrounds, bike paths, parks, and hospitals (Southern Surgical Hospital, 2017). The secondary building blocks, such as playgrounds and parks, can be used by residents to engage in physical activities and eventually increase the community’s access to exercise opportunities. Hospitals can provide appropriate care to obese residents, such as health education on weight reduction and management, to prevent obesity comorbidities and promote better health outcomes. Tertiary building blocks available in the community include welfare expenditures and foundations which can be used to fund obesity prevention and management programs in the community.

Specific Contributions

My greatest contribution to the committee’s efforts to resolve obesity in St. Tammany Parish would be to establish how the building blocks can be effectively utilized to promote healthy behaviors. I can research the community’s utilization of building blocks and how the committee can enhance and encourage them to use the assets. Furthermore, I can identify the barriers to using the community’s assets and how to eradicate the barriers.

Conclusion

Obesity is a significant healthcare problem in St. Tammany Parish, LA, related to poor lifestyle behaviors. The Parish has an adult obesity rate of 28.8% and is associated with comorbidities such as diabetes and vascular diseases. Obese patients face challenges in seeking healthcare due to inadequate specialists, inadequate obesity programs, and lifestyle, emotional, and cultural barriers. Primary building blocks available in the community include gyms, health education groups, and health clubs. Secondary building blocks include playgrounds, bike paths, parks, and hospitals, and potential building blocks include welfare expenditures and foundations, which can significantly help solve the issue of obesity in the community.

 

 

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, February 27). Obesity is a common, serious, and costly diseasehttps://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html

Department of Health | State of Louisiana. (n.d.). State center for health statistics. https://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/index.cfm/page/647/n/238

Kretzmann, J. P., & McKnight, J. L. (1996). Mapping community capacity. Northwestern University, Evanston.

Southern Surgical Hospital. (2017, November). Community Health Needs Assessment. Every Day Giving Excellence. https://www.sshla.com/~/media/sites/southern%20surgical%20hospital/ssh%20chna_final%202017.ashx

U.S. Census Bureau. (2015). U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. Census Bureau QuickFacts. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/sttammanyparishlouisiana/PST045217

 

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Interview Guidelines

Interviews can take place in-person, by phone, or by Skype. Complete the “Provider Interview Acknowledgement Form” and submit with the group presentation.

NRS 428 Community Assessment and Analysis Presentation Essays
NRS 428 Community Assessment and Analysis Presentation Essays

Develop one set of interview questions to gather information about the role of the provider in the community and the health issues faced by the chosen community.

Compile key findings from the interview, including the interview questions used, and submit with the group presentation. CLC – Community Assessment And Analysis Presentation

 

Topic 5 DQ 1

Sep 26-28, 2022

What spiritual considerations surrounding a disaster can arise for individuals, communities, and health care providers? Explain your answer in the context of a natural or manmade disaster. How can a community health nurse assist in the spiritual care of the individual, community, self, and colleagues?

Abigail Retana

Sep 28, 2022, 10:16 PM

I can’t imagine how hard it can be to go through a natural disaster, seeing how hard you have worked to build a house/car and seeing nature take it away can be heartbreaking. As nurses, we have to be alert and be able to assess any situation, in the case of disaster the spiritual consideration we have to think about is a disaster can have a toll on someone’s mental health. Our eBook makes an important statement, “They should be aware of cultural differences and approach each patient with sensitivity and respect, allowing them to grieve, react, and respond the way that is appropriate for them, as long as they are not causing self-harm or harming others. In areas where populations are extremely vulnerable, such as areas of high poverty” (Grand Canyon University, 2018), meaning letting our patients have the freedom to express what they feel spiritual can help heal the trauma, making sure this doesn’t harm someone else. Man-made disasters can be described as armed conflict and climate change. For example, armed conflict can bring division within the communities, loss of resources, and lives. A way to help the community to cope with it is by relying on emergency rescue groups, that are capacitated with special training. “Emergency response workforce was established knowledge, more sophisticated, and more capable of reducing illness and saving more lives in less time” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). The responsibility of the PHN is to be aware of the community’s needs and put in place interventions that are going to be beneficial and better the outcomes of the community.

References: 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Natural and Human-Made Disasters | Epidemic Intelligence Service | CDC. Retrieved September 28, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/eis/field-epi-manual/chapters/Natural-Human-Disasters.html

 

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Community & public health: The future of health care. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/

 

Donia Martinet

replied toAbigail Retana

Sep 29, 2022, 1:52 PM

Abigail,

A great way to prepare to help others during disaster is self reflection, as you did in your opening statement. Having a clear idea of how we can empathize, or how we would feelin such situations can really help us become good listeners and connect with others in the community. Many times spirituality, and beliefs are questioned during times of disaster, but allowing them to react in whatever manner they see fit, so long no one is harmed, is a great way to help the community. Donia

Shola Akonu

Sep 28, 2022, 9:21 PM

Natural or man-made disasters can be scary, chaotic and tragic. Nurses have always proved to be reliable responders when it comes to emergency situations. Their compassionate nature typically compels them to respond to those in need, even when their own safety is at risk. Many people mistakenly believe that spirituality and religion is the same thing, but they are not. Religion is a narrow definition of spirituality (Karadogan, 2022). Spirituality is concerned with a person’s meaning of existence and how they interact with God or a higher force that transcends religion. A tragedy that shakes everyone’s spirituality affects the whole society because it may result in unexpected loss. People can feel helpless, despair, remorse, doubt God’s existential supremacy over their beliefs and faith, and become enraged by the situation.

Spiritually balanced people can find meaning in their lives by associating with the supreme power. Consider a tragedy such as a flood, in which people lose their families, their possessions, and even their hope. This type of disaster necessitates a lengthy period of psychological, physical, and spiritual recovery. Spiritual treatment helps people who are experiencing spiritual disasters find hope, courage, and purpose (Egan, 2019). Understanding a population needs and implementing a whole community approach to planning will help me in developing emergency operation plan that will provide equitable services and resources to all community members.

A community health nurse can assist in the spiritual care of the individual or community by listening to them as they speak their faith or praying with them. They can attend an event with the community or individual that promotes healing. Overall, creating a therapeutic environment is valuable in assisting the patient with the healing process and being supportive of them and their feelings will prove beneficial. In addition, assisting with a faith-based, non-profit organization that provides support during the disaster relief would help the community recover (Falkner, 2018). Many of these faith-based organizations provide support and assistance following their religious principles that speak of compassion, caring, and helping the less fortunate (Falkner, 2018). Volunteering to join any of these organizations may fulfill the nurses desire to help the community and give the nurse a sense of pride.

 

 

 

References

Egan, R. (2019). Spirituality in Aotearoa, New Zealand: Personal Reflections From a Spirituality in Health Care Researcher. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 57(5), 1031–1034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2018.12.331

Falkner, A., (2018). Disaster Management. Community & Public Health: The Future Of Health Care. lc.gcumedia.com https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/5