Benchmark-Research Critique

Benchmark-Research Critique

Benchmark-Research Critique

NRS 433V Week 5 Details:

The qualitative research under consideration is titled, “Living in silence: A grounded theory study of vulnerability in the context of HIV infection” by De Santis and Barroso published in the year (2011). The article research about the level of vulnerability among the patients suffering from HIV.

1.      Is the problem clearly stated and is significant to nursing or health care? From the article, the problem is clearly stated, also the problem is significant to the nursing and healthcare, it highlights the knowledge that can be used in management of patients living with HIV.
2.      Is the purpose clearly stated? The purpose of the research is clearly stated and it is in line with the research objectives. The purpose of the study is to examine the level of vulnerability among the patients suffering from HIV infection.
3.      Is the research question stated broadly enough for a qualitative study? The research question are clearly stated and it is broadly elaborated in line with the qualitative study.
4.      Are the subjects obtained using a method consistent with the qualitative methodology? From the study, the findings or objects obtained through the methods applied are consistent with the methodology applied in the qualitative study.
5.      Is the setting appropriate for the study? The setting is appropriate for the study given the situations of the participants. The hospital settings is ideal place to find appropriate information associated with the participants.
6.      Are the data collection methods consistent with the purpose of the qualitative approach? The process of data collection involves identifying information from already established sources, the approach is consistent with the qualitative approaches.
7.      Are the rights of human subjects protected? There is consent documentation in the study, this indicates that human subjects involved in the study are protected.
8.      Is there evidence of data saturation provided? The evidence of data saturation have not been provided, however, there is the evidence of data collection processes and the approaches and methodologies that have been used.
9.      Are the data analysis procedures appropriate for the type of data collected and the qualitative method? The process of data analysis are appropriate and in line with the types of data that have been collected. First, demographic analysis process have been used which is consistent with the types of data that have been collected.
10.  Is there sufficient evidence of scientific rigor? There are thorough scientific approaches that have been used and they are sufficient according to the scientific rigor.
11.  Are the conclusions and implications appropriate and clearly stated? There is the conclusion which is in line with the research objectives and findings. The conclusion also reflect the purpose of the study.
12.  Are suggestions for future research included? From the study, the suggestions for the future research have been included. There is the room for further research process.



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Topic 2 DQ 2

The three types of qualitative research designs are phenomenological, grounded theory, and ethnographic research. Compare the

Benchmark-Research Critique
Benchmark-Research Critique

differences and similarities between two of the three types of qualitative studies and give an example of each.


The two qualitative research designs that I’m going to compare are ethnographic and phenomenological research.

Ethnographic is a method that is used to examine a deeper look into cultural behaviors. It’s research that observe people in their natural element and what is their norm. By observing people behavior in a close or open area, the study may be different. For instance, if you are at a park and observing someone without them knowing they will act as natural as possible this is considered open, but on the other hand if you are in a close environment and observing someone they then tend to act unnaturally because they know that someone is observing them. This type of research is also done through interviews and entered a data base.


Phenomenological is a method that the researchers use to gain a deeper look into someone’s life. Researcher clarifies the relationship between lived experiences and the theories used to explain those experience. (H, 2022) Example: researcher looking into the life of a family who has a child with Autism. They observe the complexity of their life, how having a child with autism effect their life, and the unique experience of parenting a child with autism receiving early intervention.


Both ethnographic and phenomenological both observe other people lives and behaviors. The research is both done by interviews and is placed into the data base. The only difference is that ethnographic research is also done by observing individuals without knowing versus phenomenological is consented by the individuals that are being interviewed.



6 examples of ethnographic research. Indeed Career Guide. (2022, June 1). Retrieved August 7, 2022, from


H, L. Y. (2022, June 12). What is Phenomenological Research Design? Delve. Retrieved August 6, 2022, from,preconceived%20assumptions%20about%20the%20phenomenon.

  • Replies

posting! Nice and to the point! Ethnography also has a focus on a collection of people in a cultural point of view, and phenomenology is focused on one phenomena, which may have several people in considering the one phenomena but ethnography is about the group belief or lifestyle. Also, in phenomenology, interviews are the main method of data collection whereas ethnography can collect data through interviews, observations, and document analysis.



Hello, Krishna! I enjoyed reading your post! From my research, ethnographic research can be done with or without permission, but generally, I believe if they use examples from the research in a study, the ethically have to get permission from the individual in question (Jones & Smith, 2017).


Jones, J., & Smith, J. (2017). Ethnography: challenges and opportunities. Evidence-Based Nursing. 20. 98-100.