Assignment: Nurse’s Role and Responsibility as Health Educator.

Assignment: Nurse’s Role and Responsibility as Health Educator.

Assignment: Nurse’s Role and Responsibility as Health Educator.

Patient education is essential in healthcare. Education can prevent medical conditions, inform patients about procedures and recovery processes, decrease complications from medication and medical devices, reduce patients readmitted to the hospital, change lifestyle patterns and so much more (Arkansas State University, 2018). As nurses, we are essential doing this with everyday care as we talk to our patients about what we are doing and why we are doing things, such as medication, physical therapy, monitoring, ect.

A nurse has an immense role in the education of patient’s as they are involved in patient care and can educate in small segments during care to both stimulate the patient to find interest in their care and make discharge education much less dense and overwhelming. Nurses also have great responsibility with education. We do not want our patients to not understand medications they are taking or why they are having a procedure. It is our job to advocate for our patients and we highlight this with education as we involve them in their care. Evidence based practice is what we teach our patients as nurses. One method for teaching patients is interactive teaching strategies.

An interactive approach involves an interaction amongst the participants, which in our case, are patients, (Horntvedt, 2018). By having the patient interact and understand why they are taking medication or why they are doing certain care, they are able to better learn and understand. Another great education tool for teaching and learning is the teach back method where the patient explains back the education (Horntvedt, 2018). Behavioral objectives require the willingness of the patient to be involved in learning and changing. These objects however also give the nurse or caregiver a guideline to see if the patient is actually learning and their care plan is effective. The teach back method can also be used as a behavioral objective in highlighting the retained knowledge of our patients and their ability to interact with their care. Overall, education amongst nurses is a vital factor to our roles as healthcare providers.

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References:

Arkansas State University. (2018). The Nurse’s Role in Patient Education. https://degree.astate.edu/articles/nursing/nurses-role-patient-education.aspx

Horntvedt, M. (2018) Strategies for teaching evidence-based practice in nursing education: a thematic literature review. BMC Medical Education. https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909-018-1278-z

Describe the nurse’s role and responsibility as health educator. What strategies, besides the use of learning styles, can a nurse educator consider when developing tailored individual care plans, or for educational programs in health promotion? When should behavioral objectives be utilized in a care plan or health promotion?

Due Date: Tuesday 7 Book:

Read Chapter 1 inHealth Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum.

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Describe the nurse’s role and responsibility as health educator. What strategies, besides the use of learning styles, can a nurse educator consider when developing tailored individual care plans, or for educational programs in health promotion? When should behavioral objectives be utilized in a care plan or health promotion? 

 The ability to properly educate one’s patient and their family members is a cornerstone of nursing practice that a nurse must master and the opportunity in which to do so is one that every prudent nurse must actively seek out. The foundation of delivering effective patient education is built during the assessment phase of the nursing process. There are many different and effective strategies that one can utilize to further promote the health and well-being of one’s patient such as: assessing for health disparities, assessing a patient’s socioeconomic status, and also assessing a patient’s health literacy (Whitney, 2018). One effective strategy is assessing a patient’s health belief model and applying this framework to help determine the willingness and emotional capabilities of the patient to be receptive to patient education. Whitney writes “The five necessary components for individual change in health behavior modeled in Rosenstock’s model are the perceived: Susceptibility toward health threat, Severity of health threat, Benefits of action to reduce threat of illness, Barriers to initiating preventative action, and Ability to take preventative action or self-efficacy (Whitney, 2018).  

When determining whether behavioral objectives should be incorporated into a patient’s healthcare plan, it is imperative for the nurse to assess the patient’s willingness and ability to apply the learned information into actionable choices. Behavioral objectives are only useful if the patient is receptive to them. For example, when discussing smoking cessation with a patient who is admitted to the hospital for a COPD exacerbation, if the nurse determines the patient is unwilling to quit smoking, setting behavioral objectives are not going to be effective. Patient autonomy sometimes can be directly in conflict with a patient’s healthcare goals, however, patient’s rights to make their own informed healthcare decisions is something that should be understood and respected (Whitney, 2018). 

Whitney, S. (2018). Teaching and Learning Styles. In Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum. essay, Grand Canyon University. 

RESPONSE 1 

I do agree with you that nurse educator have a crucial role in promoting health awareness and the increasing the adherence to the treatment regimen prescribed. The nurse educators require the relevant skills that will be crucial in imparting the knowledge to the patients. It is not only the patients that the nurse educators engage but also the close relatives or the care givers. A nurse’s profession includes a large amount of patient education. Patients are empowered by education to enhance their health (Raghupathi & Raghupathi, 2020).

Patients who are actively involved in their care are more likely to participate in interventions that improve their odds of achieving positive outcomes. Patient education has several advantages: With proper patient education, conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease are all preventable. Additionally it also ensures that patients are well-informed on what to expect before, during, and after a procedure. Educating patients about drugs, lifestyle changes, and self-monitoring equipment like a glucose meter or blood pressure monitor can help to reduce the risk of problems. The number of patients readmitted to the hospital is decreasing by emphasizing on learning self-sufficiency to maintain independence (Dineen-Griffin et al., 2019). 

References 

Dineen-Griffin, S., Garcia-Cardenas, V., Williams, K., & Benrimoj, S. I. (2019). Helping patients help themselves: A systematic review of self-management support strategies in primary health care practice. PLOS ONE, 14(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220116 

Raghupathi, V., & Raghupathi, W. (2020). The influence of education on health: An empirical assessment of OECD countries for the period 1995–2015. Archives of Public Health, 78(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-020-00402-5 

 Being a nurse educator means looking at the person, seeing how they live, the cultural or socioeconomic influences that could affect how they learn. Knowing what barriers or determinant of health will affect the patient’s readiness for education. If Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are not being met, the patient will not find it important to make lifestyle changes for the betterment of their health. It also means that the nurse should understand how they learn and their biases, this could influence how the nurse presents the information to the patient (Whitney, 2018).

When making a tailored care plan for the patient, it is important to meet the patient where they are at in their lives. Completing a through assessment knowing the patient’s literacy levels is important if you need provide any written instructions. Understanding the patients’ health literacy will let the nurse know if they provide education would the patient be able to understand it. Behavioral objections should be added after an assessment. Identify areas of change with the patient and how long these objectives will take, will help measure if the care plan has been successful. It is important to gain and understanding of the patient’s readiness to learn. The best care plan will fall apart if the patient is not ready or willing to make changes.  

 

Whitney, S. (2018). Teaching and Learning Styles. In Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum. essay, Grand Canyon University.  

Hancher-Rauch, H. L., Bishop, C., Campbell, A., Cecil, K., &Yazel, L. (2020). Effects of covid-19 pandemic on the professional roles and responsibilities of Health Educators. Health Promotion Practice, 22(2), 156–162. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839920968523  

RESPONSE 2 

I do agree with you that nurse educators have to be well informed about the various social determinants of health in order to offer meaningful education to patients and other members of the community. Some of the factors include the level of education, the social economic status and even the cultural and religious beliefs (Islam, 2019). People who are poor and less educated have more health issues and die younger than those who are affluent and more educated, according to studies from throughout the world, and these discrepancies occur even in wealthy countries like Canada. It is vital to better understand and treat the underlying causes of poor health in order to make an influence on increasing health equity and providing more patient-centered care (Andermann, 2016). When faced with their patients’ complicated and interrelated health and social concerns, physicians often feel helpless and irritated. Many people avoid discussing social issues in favor of medical therapy and lifestyle coaching. 

References 

Andermann, A. (2016). Taking action on the social determinants of health in clinical practice: a framework for health professionals. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 188(17-18), 474–483. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.160177 

 

Islam, M. M. (2019). Social Determinants of Health and Related Inequalities: Confusion and Implications. Frontiers in Public Health, 7(11). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00011 

 Health Education 

Nurses have assumed a significant share of the responsibility for society’s promoting health in the domain of health education. The primary reason for this is that primary prevention is vital in ensuring that members have access to the healthcare information they need, which in turn leads to better well-being for everybody. 

The nurse’s job and responsibilities as a critical healthcare educator begin with providing patients and their families with proactive information on nutrition, immunizations, medications, diets and safety (Camal, 2018). Nurses have a constructive role in healthcare by educating patients and their families about the long-term repercussions and preventative measures they may take to keep their loved ones healthy. While this is the case, nurses may play an important role in advocating for legislative changes that will improve access to quality health care. To better serve society’s citizens, healthcare reforms can bring about the necessary variations among healthcare providers, populations, and systems. 

Nurses utilize unique tactics to modify their treatment plans or educational services to boost health promotion when discharging the job of educating the public about health care advice. To begin, make it obvious that you’re addressing both language and cultural hurdles (Li, 2022). Patients from different ethnicities and subcultures present a variety of obstacles for healthcare personnel like nurses when they are performing their duties. By employing this method, patients are more likely to believe and follow the medical advice of a nurse who has a similar ethnicity or cultural background to themselves. Another approach that nurses can think about is reassuring patients that their medical information would be kept private. 

It is crucial for clients’ trust and confidence that nurses keep their medical information confidential, according to Li (2022). Language and other cultural characteristics play an important part in building trust and collaboration between the target communities and the nurse educator, and so confidentiality is intertwined with both of these. 

When a nurse has successfully identified specific health care requirements and the underlying gaps that need to be addressed, behavioral targets in a care plan are crucial to the nurses’ practice of healthcare promotion (Tristo& Gomes, 2020). Due to the fact that there must be a specified group of people for which behavioral objectives can be applied as well as an adequate amount of health care available at any one moment, this is why. In addition, nurses must be convinced that their patients will accept and learn from such behavioral objectives before drafting and formulating them. 

References 

Camal, S. C. A. (2018). Current status of fellowship programs for advanced practice registered nurses in the nurse practitioner role. Nurse Educator, 43(1), 42-44.https://doi.org/10.1097/nne.0000000000000392 

Li, L. N. (2022). Learning styles and learning strategies. Cultural Learning Styles in Language Education, 86-108.https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429280061-5 

Tristão, F. I., & Gomes, I. M. (2020). Health promotion in the national health plan in Brazil and the incompatibility with global objectives. European Journal of Public Health, 30(Supplement_5). https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa166.427 

 RESPONSE 3 

I do agree with you that one of the major role of nurse educators  is to emphasize on health promotion measures. These measures improve the general well being of the population hence reduced burden of patient care and already over stretched healthcare facilities. Some of the measures emphasized in these health promotion measures include proper diet and exercise. This is crucial in these unprecedented times of Covid-19 and the risk of an aging population in US (Fulmer et al., 2021). In the next 10 years, more people in the United States will be over the age of 65 than under the age of five.

Our health-care system is unprepared to handle the complexities of caring for a diverse population of older adults, a problem exacerbated by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.  The government must develop, analyze, and implement new approaches to care delivery; allocate resources to achieve patient-centered care and results, including palliative and end-of-life care; and reform the structure and financing of long-term services and supports (Ebrahimi et al., 2020). If these issues are addressed early on, an infrastructure may be built to promote better health and equitable, goal-directed care that takes into account the preferences and requirements of older people. 

References 

Ebrahimi, Z., Patel, H., Wijk, H., Ekman, I., & Olaya-Contreras, P. (2020). A systematic review on implementation of person-centered care interventions for older people in out-of-hospital settings. Geriatric Nursing, 42(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2020.08.004 

Fulmer, T., Reuben, D. B., Auerbach, J., Fick, D. M., Galambos, C., & Johnson, K. S. (2021). Actualizing Better Health And Health Care For Older Adults. Health Affairs, 40(2), 10.1377/hlthaff. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.01470 

 

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