Assignment: NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

Assignment: NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

Assessment 3: Applying Ethical Principles

Assignment: NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

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Applying Ethical Principles

Developing a Health Care Perspective

Introduction

Across the board, organizational people recognize potential or existential dilemmas and make appropriate decisions to overcome them. In the health sector, care providers conjugate ethical decisions with principles of nonmaleficence, autonomy, justice, and beneficence to solve ethical dilemmas. Since care providers organize, oversee, and plan for activities in health care facilities, they play a pivotal role in ensuring patients receive quality and dedicated care. In situations with evident ethical and moral dilemmas, the care providers collaborate and communicate effectively with the patients to provide ethical and quality treatment.

Overview of the Case Study

Jenna and Chris Smith are having an organic parenthood perspective since Ana, who is five-days old, is their first-born child. They are not for vaccinating Ana believing that they have done adequate research on vaccines in which they found more harms than benefits of using vaccines (Case Study). They indicate that vaccines cause autism in children based on mommy-blogs they previously watched. After a prolonged conversation with the parents, Dr. Kerr outlines the benefits of vaccination and the related risks and harms of not being vaccinated. She indicates that reliable resources and statistics evidence a decrease in mortality rate among children for the past century due to vaccination. With the help of VAERS, she depicts how FDA and CDC encourage parents to report potential adverse reactions of vaccines as leeway for further investigation (Case Study). In line with the Case Study, Dr. Kerr informs Mr. and Mrs. Smith of the unavailability of vaccine that causes autism among children. Besides, she indicates the significance of the vaccine not only to Ana but also to other children who associate with Ana. For instance, vaccinating Ana prevents the development of communicable diseases among young, immunocompromised, and children with genetic conditions. However, regardless of the information that Dr. Kerr offers, the Smiths reject the vaccine. At that point, Dr. Kerr finds herself in a dilemma that requires her to respect the parents’ decision or fulfill her moral duty as Ana’s pediatrician.

Analysis of Ethical Issues in the Case Study

The rejection of Ana’s vaccination by her parents induced an ethical dilemma to Dr. Kerr. As Ana’s pediatrician, Dr. Kerr believes in her entitlement to offer therapies that would prevent Ana from acquiring infections and disease through prophylaxis interventions (Case Study; Dubé & MacDonald, 2017). The parents inform the health care provider about their research on mommy-blogs about the negative effects of vaccination. After listening to the parents keenly, Dr. Kerr informs them about the misconceptions and controversies surrounding vaccines. She employs approved studies to support her information in which she strives to explain the benefits of the vaccine to Ana and other children that associate with Ana. Conversely, the parents heed no advice believing that their child should not engage in any vaccination process. Since the care provider understands the significance of childhood immunization to an individual’s immunity, she faces an ethical dilemma due to Mr. and Mrs. Smith’s standpoint.

Using the Ethical Decision Making Model to Analyze the Case Study

The ethical decision-making model offers an excellent mechanism for critical planning of potential solutions to an ethical dilemma. In most cases, health care providers use this tool to make an ethical decision in situations leading to a dilemma (Bianco et al., 2019). In the case of Ana’s vaccination, an excellent mechanism to solve the stalemate between Dr. Kerr and Ana’s parents involves moral judgment, moral, awareness, and ethical behavior. Moral judgment is the declaration of the appropriate mechanism to deal with an existential problem. It offers a basis for determining the right and the wrong attributes. Unlike moral judgment, moral awareness is the sensitivity that people exhibit towards an individual’s values and personal morals. For a person to conduct the right thing, which refers to ethical behavior, he or she must adhere to moral judgment and moral awareness (O’Rourke, Thompson, & McMillan, 2019). In the case of Ana’s vaccination, the care provider exhibits moral awareness when she informs the Smiths about the significance of vaccination against communicable infections. Besides, she strives to educate them on the challenges associated with non-vaccination to the health of Ana and children that associate with Ana. As for her ethical behavior, Dr. Kerr believes that Ana should undergo the vaccination process.

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Dr. Kerr emerges as the connection between Ana and her parents on matters of health care since she is Ana’s pediatrician. She and the parents should communicate effectively to make the right treatment option since Ana cannot make decisions about her treatment. The conversation between the care provider and the parents indicates the possibility of effective communication in which Jenna and Chris evidence their disinterests in the vaccination due to the link it has to autism. The care provider strives to approve to the parents the lack of an existential vaccine that leads to autism in children. Regardless of the communication, both parties evidence willingness to select the best option for Ana. On that note, they need to communicate effectively and understand each side to ensure an effective treatment option for the child. Dr. Kerr evidence respect for Mr. and Mrs. Chris’s decision by offering information on the necessity of childhood vaccination. As Ana’s primary care physician, Dr. Kerr informed Ana’s parents about her standpoint and the significance of the vaccination. As a leeway for building trust, communication between a patient and his or her representative with the care provider improves knowledge about the patient’s health status. In the case of disagreement between care providers and parents about a child’s treatment, Hatoková, Masaryk, and Túnyiová (2018) indicate that the parents may decide to seek alternative support from a different care provider or search on the Internet for potential solutions. Thus, effective communication between physicians and parents provide leeway for ensuring the provision of quality, dedicated, and timely care.

Resolving the Ethical Dilemma by Applying Ethical Principles

Ana’s case depicts the four principles of ethical decision-making, which include beneficence, autonomy, justice, and nonmaleficence. Based on the principle of beneficence, Dr. Kerr evidences an interest in ensuring that Ana receives the vaccine. However, she adheres to the interests of Ana’s parents to ensure autonomy. To evidence justice, Dr. Kerr listens to the Smiths fairly and without bias. To solve the ethical dilemma, Dr. Kerr should give the parents more time to decide on Ana’s vaccination. Besides, she should offer the parents books to read more about vaccines, which will boost their knowledge and possibly accept Ana’s vaccination.

Conclusion

Principles of health care ethics and the ethical decision-making model offer an excellent mechanism for solving existing ethical dilemmas, especially in the health care sector. Besides, effective communication between parents and care providers reduces the chances of ethical dilemmas. Based on Ana’s case, the care provider communicated with Mr. and Mrs. Smith effectively and later offered other options before Ana’s vaccination. This situation evidences the interest of the pediatrician to involve the parents’ decisions in the treatment of their five days old child. In this way, Dr. Kerr was in a position to observe the principles of health care ethics.

 

Assignment NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper
Assignment NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

 

Assignment: NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

 

ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT: Assignment: NHSFP4000 Capella University Applying Ethical Principles Paper

NHS-FPX4000 Assessment 1 Applying Ethical Principles Instructions

Applying Ethical Principles

Develop a solution to a specific ethical dilemma faced by a health care professional by applying ethical principles. Describe the issues and a possible solution in a 3-5-page paper.

Introduction

Whether you are a nurse, a public health professional, a health care administrator, or in another role in the health care field, you must base your decisions on a set of ethical principles and values. Your decisions must be fair, equitable, and defensible. Each discipline has established a professional code of ethics to guide ethical behavior. In this assessment, you will practice working through an ethical dilemma as described in a case study. Your practice will help you develop a method for formulating ethical decisions.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care.
    • Apply academic peer-reviewed journal articles relevant to an ethical problem or issue as evidence to support an analysis of the case.
  • Competency 3: Apply ethical principles and academic standards to the study of health care.
    • Summarize the facts in a case study and use the three components of an ethical decision-making model to analyze an ethical problem or issue and the factors that contributed to it.
    • Discuss the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study.
    • Discuss the effectiveness of the approach used by a professional to deal with problems or issues involving ethical practice in a case study.
    • Apply ethical principles to a possible solution to an ethical problem or issue described in a case study.
  • Competency 4: Write for a specific audience, in appropriate tone and style, in accordance with Capella’s writing standards.
    • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

Instructions

Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

For this assessment, develop a solution to a specific ethical dilemma faced by a health care professional. In your assessment:

  1. Access the Ethical Case Studies media piece to review the case studies you will be using for this assessment.
    • Select the case most closely related to your area of interest and use it to complete the assessment.
      • Note: The case study may not supply all of the information you need. In such cases, you should consider a variety of possibilities and infer potential conclusions. However, please be sure to identify any assumptions or speculations you make.
    • Include the selected case study in your reference list, using proper APA Style and Format.
  2. Summarize the facts in a case study and use the three components of an ethical decision-making model to analyze an ethical problem or issue and the factors that contributed to it.
    • Identify which case study you selected and briefly summarize the facts surrounding it. Identify the problem or issue that presents an ethical dilemma or challenge and describe that dilemma or challenge.
    • Identify who is involved or affected by the ethical problem or issue.
    • Access the Ethical Decision-Making Model media piece and use the three components of the ethical decision-making model (moral awareness, moral judgment, and ethical behavior) to analyze the ethical issues.
      • Apply the three components outlined in the Ethical Decision-Making Model media.
    • Analyze the factors that contributed to the ethical problem or issue identified in the case study.
      • Describe the factors that contributed to the problem or issue and explain how they contributed.
  1. Apply academic peer-reviewed journal articles relevant to an ethical problem or issue as evidence to support an analysis of the case.
    • In addition to the readings provided, use the Capella library to locate at least one academic peer-reviewed journal article relevant to the problem or issue that you can use to support your analysis of the situation. The How Do I Find Peer-Reviewed Articles? library guide will help you locate appropriate references.
      • Cite and apply key principles from the journal article as evidence to support your critical thinking and analysis of the ethical problem or issue.
      • Review the Think Critically About Source Quality
        • Assess the credibility of the information source.
        • Assess the relevance of the information source.
  1. Discuss the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study.
    • Describe how the health care professional in the case study communicated with others.
    • Assess instances where the professional communicated effectively or ineffectively.
    • Explain which communication approaches should be used and which ones should be avoided.
    • Describe the consequences of using effective and non-effective communication approaches.
  2. Discuss the effectiveness of the approach used by a professional to deal with problems or issues involving ethical practice in a case study.
    • Describe the actions taken in response to the ethical dilemma or issue presented in the case study.
    • Summarize how well the professional managed professional responsibilities and priorities to resolve the problem or issue in the case.
    • Discuss the key lessons this case provides for health care professionals.
  3. Apply ethical principles to a possible solution to an ethical problem or issue described in a case study.
    • Describe the proposed solution.
    • Discuss how the approach makes this professional more effective or less effective in building relationships across disciplines within his or her organization.
    • Discuss how likely it is the proposed solution will foster professional collaboration.
  4. Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Apply the principles of effective composition.
    • Determine the proper application of the rules of grammar and mechanics.
  5. Write using APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.
    • Determine the proper application of APA formatting requirements and scholarly writing standards.
    • Integrate information from outside sources into academic writing by appropriately quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, following APA style

NHS-FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Instructions: Applying Research Skills

Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing one of the health care problems or issues in the Assessment Topic Areas media piece faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.

Introduction

In your professional life, you will need to find credible evidence to support your decisions and your plans of action. You will want to keep abreast of best practices to help your organization adapt to the ever-changing health care environment. Being adept at research will help you find the information you need. For this assessment, you will review the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues to research a current health care problem or issue faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care.
    • Identify academic peer-reviewed journal articles relevant to a health care problem or issue and describe the criteria used for the literature search.
  • Competency 2: Apply scholarly information through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of health care.
    • Assess the credibility and relevance of information sources.
    • Summarize what was learned from developing an annotated bibliography.
    • Analyze academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format.
  • Competency 4: Write for a specific audience, in appropriate tone and style, in accordance with Capella’s writing standards.
      • Summarize a health care problem or issue and describe a personal interest in it and experience with it.
  • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
  • Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

Instructions

Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

For this assessment, research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

  1. View the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
    • Summarize the health care problem or issue.
    • Describe your interest in the topic.
    • Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.
  2. Identify peer-reviewed articles relevant to health care issue or problem.
    • Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used. You will select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past 3–5 years that relate to your topic.
      • You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.
    • Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.
  3. Assess the credibility and explain relevance of the information sources you find.
    • Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.
    • Determine if the publication is current.
    • Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.
  4. Analyze academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format. Provide rationale for inclusion of each selected article. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic. In your annotated bibliography:
    • Identify the purpose of the article.
    • Summarize the information.
    • Provide rationale for inclusion of each article.
    • Include the conclusions and findings of the article.
    • Write your annotated bibliography in a paragraph form. The annotated bibliography should be approximately 150 words (1–3 paragraphs) in length.
    • List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.
    • Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.
  5. Summarize what you have learned from developing an annotated bibliography.
    • Summarize what you learned from your research in a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper.
    • List the main points you learned from your research.
    • Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.

Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:

Additional Requirements

Your assessment should also meet the following requirements:

  • Length: 3–5 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  • APA tutorial: Use the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] for guidance.
    • Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Content: Provide a title page and reference page following APA style.
    • References: Use at least four scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles.
  • APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citation of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page.

 

NHS-FPX4000 Assessment 3 INSTRUCTIONS

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 1: Apply information literacy and library research skills to obtain scholarly information in the field of health care.
    • Use scholarly information to describe and explain a health care problem or issue and identify possible causes for it.
  • Competency 2: Apply scholarly information through critical thinking to solve problems in the field of health care.
    • Analyze a health care problem or issue by describing the context, explaining why it is important and identifying populations affected by it.
    • Discuss potential solutions for a health care problem or issue and describe what would be required to implement a solution.
  • Competency 3: Apply ethical principles and academic standards to the study of health care.
    • Analyze the ethical implications if a potential solution to a health care problem or issue was implemented.
  • Competency 4: Write for a specific audience, in appropriate tone and style, in accordance with Capella’s writing standards.
    • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Write following APA style for in-text citations, quotes, and references.

Instructions

Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

  1. Describe the health care problem or issue you selected for use in Assessment 2 (from the Assessment Topic Areas | Transcript media piece) and provide details about it.
    • Explore your chosen topic. For this, you should use the first four steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking. This approach was introduced in Assessment 2.
    • Identify possible causes for the problem or issue.
  2. Use scholarly information to describe and explain the health care problem or issue and identify possible causes for it.
    • Identify at least three scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles about the topic.
      • You may find the How Do I Find Peer-Reviewed Articles? library guide helpful in locating appropriate references.
      • You may use articles you found while working on Assessment 2 or you may search the Capella library for other articles.
      • You may find the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide helpful in your search.
    • Review the Think Critically About Source Quality to help you complete the following:
      • Assess the credibility of the information sources.
      • Assess the relevance of the information sources.
  3. Analyze the health care problem or issue.
    • Describe the setting or context for the problems or issues.
    • Describe why the problem or issue is important to you.
    • Identify groups of people affected by the problem or issue.
    • Provide examples that support your analysis of the problem or issue.
  4. Discuss potential solutions for the health care problem or issue.
    • Describe what would be required to implement a solution.
    • Describe potential consequences of ignoring the problem or issue.
    • Provide the pros and cons for one of the solutions you are proposing.
  5. Analyze the ethical implications if the potential solution (the one for which you provide pros and cons) were to be implemented.
    • Provide examples from the literature to support the points you are making.
    • Discuss the pros and cons of implementing the proposed solution from an ethical principle point of view.
    • Describe what would be required to implement the proposed solution.

Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:

Additional Requirements

Your assessment should also meet the following requirements:

  • Length: 4–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  • APA template: Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] as the paper format and the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOC] for guidance.
  • Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
  • Using outside sources: Integrate information from outside sources into academic writing by appropriately quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, following APA style.
  • References: Integrate information from outside sources to include at least three scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles and three in-text citations within the paper.
  • APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citations of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page.

Organize your paper using the following structure and headings:

  • Title page. A separate page.
  • Introduction. A brief one-paragraph statement about the purpose of the paper.
  • Elements of the problem/issue. Identify the elements of the problem or issue or question.
  • Analysis. Analyze, define, and frame the problem or issue.
  • Considering options. Consider solutions, responses, or answers.
  • Solution. Choose a solution, response, or answer.
  • Ethical implications. Ethical implications of implementing the solution.
  • Implementation. Implementation of the potential solution.
  • Conclusion. One paragraph.

Another example of the same essay:

Applying Ethical Principles

Health care professionals often face ethical problems during their practice that require them to use their moral values and principles when making decisions. The four fundamental principles of health care ethics—autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice—act as yardsticks for fair and ethical decision-making. These ethical principles are widely accepted in the field of health care. Medical practitioners and health care administrators often use these principles to make decisions when faced with complex situations involving patients.

Overview of the Case Study

Betsy is a dedicated pediatric nurse known for the care and concern she shows her patients. Her neighbor and friend, Alice, lives with her husband and 4-year-old daughter, Shirley. Alice and her husband are followers of Christian Science, a belief that advocates spiritual healing and discourages most types of medical intervention. One day, when visiting Alice and Shirley, Betsy sees Shirley experience what seems like a seizure. The child suddenly becomes unresponsive and has a brief staring spell, with her eyes rolling upward. The episode lasts for 20 seconds, during which she seems completely unaware of her surroundings. While Shirley is having the seizure, Alice sits by her side and prays but takes no other action. Betsy is concerned about the little girl’s condition and probes her friend for details. Alice tells Betsy that Shirley used to have around 15–20 such episodes a day until a few months ago; this has now reduced to about 12. Alice attributes the improvement in Shirley’s health to her prayers and faith. However, this does not help Betsy feel comfortable about Shirley’s condition. She is almost certain that Shirley has epilepsy, which, if not treated on time, could have profound health implications. At the very least, she thinks Alice should have Shirley’s symptoms accurately diagnosed.

Understanding the gravity of the situation, Betsy sets up a meeting with Shirley’s parents and Dr. Campbell, director of the neurology department at her hospital. She treats this meeting as an intervention, and both she and Dr. Campbell express their concern for Shirley’s health. They stress on the fact that the improvement in Shirley’s symptoms does not necessarily mean she will be cured. They empathize with Alice and her husband’s reluctance on account of their religious faith but reiterate the importance of getting Shirley’s symptoms diagnosed. To prove their point, they present studies that describe how seizures can be indicative of illnesses such as epilepsy, which could negatively affect her cognition and behavior. Shirley’s parents are grateful that Betsy and Dr. Campbell are concerned about their daughter’s health but remain resolute about going against their faith. They believe that prayer will cure her. Betsy is faced with an ethical dilemma of whether she should respect the parents’ religious beliefs and not intervene in the matter or perform her moral obligation as a health care professional.

Analysis of Ethical Issues in the Case Study

In the case study, the main factor that led to Betsy’s ethical dilemma is Shirley’s

parents’ refusal of medical assistance for their daughter owing to their Christian Science beliefs. When Betsy notices Shirley’s seizures, she thinks it is her duty to make sure Shirley receives medical attention. As she respects the religious faith and belief of Shirley’s parents, she decides to explain the risks that seizures could involve. She also includes Dr. Campbell in the conversation so that he could provide an objective opinion to make them understand the need for medical intervention. However, Shirley’s parents are certain that prayer will cure her seizures. Considering that their attitude could result in serious health implication for Shirley, Betsy is concerned about the little girl receiving appropriate medical attention (Baumrucker, et al., 2017).

Using the Ethical Decision-Making Model to Analyze the Case Study

The three components of the ethical decision-making model—moral awareness, moral judgment, and ethical behavior—can help analyze the ethical issue outlined in the case study. Whereas moral awareness is knowledge of the existence of an ethical dilemma, moral judgment

involves choosing between the right and wrong actions when posed with such a dilemma. Both moral awareness and moral judgment lead to ethical behavior. Ethical behavior is taking the right action to resolve a dilemma. Betsy’s moral awareness is reflected by the fact that she recognizes the circumstances surrounding Shirley’s condition. Her moral judgment is reflected by her decision to try to convince Shirley’s parents to get Shirley medical help because she believed that it was the right thing to do. Betsy’s ethical behavior constitutes the action she takes to resolve the dilemma. This, in turn, depends on her personal judgment and the four principles of health care ethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice) she should abide by as a health care professional.

Effectiveness of Communication Approaches in the Case Study

Listening plays an important role in patient–physician communication. By listening to Alice, Betsy learns of the frequency of Shirley’s seizures and the reduction in their occurrence. She also learns that Alice and her husband believe that this reduction is due to their prayers and faith in Christian Science. Therefore, active listening helps Betsy understand the situation better.

Betsy is aware that if she decides to get medical help for Shirley without the consent of Shirley’s parents, she would be violating their right to informed consent and overstepping her boundaries as a health care professional. So, she decides to present them with the information they need to make an informed decision. She maintains an open communication with Shirley’s parents while explaining the impact of seizures on their daughter’s health. She stresses the importance of immediate diagnosis of Shirley’s seizures. Thus, by being respectful of Shirley’s parents’ emotions and providing them with complete information about the problem, Betsy communicates the situation to them in an effective manner.

During the discussion with Shirley’s parents, both Betsy and Dr. Campbell are empathetic toward Alice and her husband’s reluctance to get the necessary medical help for their daughter on account of their religious faith. Betsy seems to have involved Dr. Campbell so that he could share his objective expert opinion based on his experience in dealing with patients who have similar symptoms. She probably thought that Shirley’s parents would change their decision if Dr. Campbell reiterated that Shirley could develop severe cognitive problems (such as learning difficulties and memory deficits) or behavioral problems (such as irritability, anxiety, hyperactivity, and mood swings) if her seizures are neglected. However, they were unable to convince Shirley’s parents to get Shirley medically diagnosed.

Although Betsy followed a systematic approach while dealing with the issue at hand, it seems to have been ineffective as Shirley’s parents continued to stand by their faith in prayer. However, listening patiently to patients’ problems and showing empathy and genuine care while communicating with them are some lessons that health care professionals can take back from this case study.

Resolving the Ethical Dilemma by Applying Ethical Principles

The four ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice are often employed to resolve ethical dilemmas related to health care. Autonomy refers to accepting and understanding patients’ values, beneficence refers to acting for the welfare of patients, nonmaleficence refers to not doing harm to the patient, and justice refers to treating patients fairly without bias.

The ethical dilemma that Betsy faces in this case involves three of the four basic principles of medical ethics. In the case study, the ethical dilemma is caused by the conflict between the principles of autonomy on the one hand and beneficence and nonmaleficence on the other. Betsy preserves the autonomy of Shirley’s parents by respecting their religious beliefs and not coercing them to get the girl correctly diagnosed. She further ropes in Dr. Campbell to try to explain to them the importance of getting an accurate diagnosis.

Approaching Child Protective Services—a social service agency run by the government to counsel and support children and their families and promote child welfare—could be considered by Betsy as an ethical means to resolve the dilemma. As Betsy is obligated to help Shirley get medical care (beneficence) and prevent any harm that might be caused from ignoring her seizures (nonmaleficence), she could seek intervention from Child Protective Services. Although involving Child Protective Services could result in overriding the ethical principle of autonomy, Betsy might have to take this decision keeping Shirley’s best interests in mind (Baumrucker et al., 2017).

Conclusion

The four principles of health care ethics can be applied by health care professionals to analyze and resolve ethical dilemmas. In the case study, Betsy has to decide between respecting Shirley’s parents’ religious beliefs and performing her moral obligation as a health care professional by helping Shirley seek medical care. The proposed solution involves upholding the principles of autonomy, beneficence, and nonmaleficence to resolve Betsy’s ethical dilemma.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

“The DNP focuses on preparing nurses to become expert clinicians by utilizing research and knowledge to create more efficient practices and better patient outcomes. While PhD-prepared nurses are concerned with the discovery of new knowledge, DNP-prepared nurses are concerned with the application of new knowledge and research to practice in order to improve health care and patient outcomes “(J. Thomas) (2018). I believe that these two complement each other and that it is amazing that nurses can advance so far in their careers and hold so many different titles and degrees.
“A doctor of nursing practice (DNP) is a clinical practice degree, whereas a doctor of philosophy in nursing (PhD) is a research degree. Nurse Practitioners can obtain either degree, but a DNP is preferred. Individuals who hold a Master’s degree in Nursing Education are likely to pursue a PhD “(K. Gaines) (2019, September 11).

My current goal is to return to school to obtain my NP and work in Women’s Health after finishing my BSN. If I decide to continue my education, I believe that obtaining a DNP would be the best fit for an NP because it is more clinical than a PhD in nursing. School is a significant commitment, and after completing my BSN, I hope to take a break and spend my free time with my family.

When nurses reach the doctorate level of nursing education, they have several options. Obtaining a PhD in nursing or a DNP are two of these options. A doctorate in nursing practice (DNP) is a doctorate degree for advanced practicing nurses. It enables them to practice as nurse practitioners and broadens their scope of practice beyond that of a registered nurse (Neal-Boylan, 2019). A PhD in nursing, on the other hand, is more focused on research and leadership within the nursing field (Neal-Boylan, 2019). Nurses who pursue a PhD can work in academia, research, or administration (Neal-Boylan, 2019). PhD programs emphasize nursing science and the advancement of nursing knowledge and standards of practice. DNP programs are designed to prepare nurses for advanced clinical practice (Thomas, 2018).

If I were to continue my nursing education at the doctorate level, I would pursue a DNP. I am very interested in primary care and hope to one day work as a family nurse practitioner. Both degrees are extremely valuable in the nursing field, but the DNP is more in line with my interests in nursing. I want to assist people in living the healthiest lives possible, and I believe that much of health can be addressed at the primary care level.

LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Applying Ethical Principles Scoring Guide

Criteria Non-performance Basic Proficient Distinguished
Summarize the facts of a case study using peer-reviewed journal articles as evidence to support analysis of the case. Does not summarize the facts of a case study using peer-reviewed journal articles as evidence to support analysis of the case. Identifies the facts of the case study using peer-reviewed journal articles as evidence to support analysis of the case. Summarizes the facts of a case study using peer-reviewed journal articles as evidence to support analysis of the case. Assesses the facts of the case study using peer-reviewed journal articles as evidence to support analysis of the case, including reasons why the chosen articles support the analysis.
Discuss the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study. Does not discuss the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study. Describes the communication approaches present in a case study. Discusses the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study. Discusses the effectiveness of the communication approaches present in a case study, explaining which approaches should be used more and which should be avoided.
Discuss the effectiveness of the approach used by the professional in a case study as it relates to the three components of the ethical decision-making model. Does not discuss the effectiveness of the approach used by the professional in a case study as it relates to the three components of the ethical decision-making model. Describes the approach used by the professional in the case study as it relates to the ethical decision-making model. Discusses the effectiveness of the approach used by the professional in a case study as it relates to the three components of the ethical decision-making model. Discusses the effectiveness of the approach used by the professional in the case study as it relates to the ethical decision-making model, including consequences of using effective and noneffective approaches.
Apply ethical principles to a possible solution to the proposed problem or issue from a case study. Does not identify ethical principles related to the possible solution to the proposed problem or issue from the case study. Identifies ethical principles related to the possible solution to the proposed problem or issue from the case study. Applies ethical principles to a possible solution to the proposed problem or issue from a case study. Applies ethical principles to a possible solution to the proposed problem or issue from the case study, explaining why the proposed solution is based in ethical principles.
Produce text with minimal grammatical, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors. Produces text with significant grammatical, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors, making text difficult to follow. Produces text with some grammatical, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors, making text difficult to follow at times. Produces text with minimal grammatical, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors. Produces text free of grammatical, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors.
Integrate into text appropriate use of scholarly sources, evidence, and citation style. Does not integrate into text appropriate use of scholarly sources, evidence, and citation style. Integrates into text mostly appropriate use of scholarly sources, evidence, and citation style, but there are lapses in style use. Integrates into text appropriate use of scholarly sources, evidence, and citation style. Integrates into text appropriate use of scholarly sources, evidence, and citation style without errors and uses current reference sources.