Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program

Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program

NURS 6050 ASSESSING A HEALTHCARE PROGRAM POLICY EVALUATION

Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program

In light of the program/ policy evaluation for using telehealth in rural areas to deliver and assist with the delivery of healthcare services, strategies were implemented to increase broadband and telehealth which can substantially increase access to health care services, a key strategy to improve the public’s health overall. Governors will continue to play a critical role in supporting broadband and telehealth access in their states. Policymakers examined the practices that have used to close gaps in broadband access and adapt them to fit their state’s needs and contexts.

Some states are providing funding to support broadband deployment in unserved and underserved areas through grant programs that fund a portion of the cost of deployment in these communities. They are also ensuring accountability by requiring that grantees demonstrate they are providing the service they were funded to deliver while also providing the state with the data needed to evaluate the program and progress toward defined goals.

In addition to state efforts, the federal government has played a large role in expanding access to telehealth services, particularly during the pandemic. The 2020 Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act and the Coronavirus Response & Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act (CRRSAA) provided a combined $450 million to the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) COVID-19 Telehealth Program to help health care providers connect care services to patients either directly at home or with mobile locations. The first round of funding for this program ($200 million) supported telehealth connections at more than 500 health care facilities. 

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References

  • Wosik, J; Fudim, M and Cameron, B et al. Telehealth transformation: COVID-19 and the rise of virtual care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 2020; 27(6)957-962. 
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Using Telehealth to Expand Access to Essential Health Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Updated June 10, 2020, accessed December 29, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019ncov/hcp/telehealth.html#:~:text=Telehealth%20services%20can%20be%20used,assessment%2C%20an d%20refer%20as%20appropriate 

  • Commins, J. Analysis: Older Americans Wary of Telemedicine. Healthleaders.com, October 1, 2019. https://www.healthleadersmedia.com/clinical-care/older-americans-wary-telemedicine

Question Description

I’m studying and need help with a Nursing question to help me learn.

Program/policy evaluation is a valuable tool that can help strengthen the quality of programs/policies and improve outcomes for the populations they serve. Program/policy evaluation answers basic questions about program/policy effectiveness. It involves collecting and analyzing information about program/policy activities, characteristics, and outcomes. This information can be used to ultimately improve program services or policy initiatives.

ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT:  Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program  

Nurses can play a very important role assessing program/policy evaluation for the same reasons that they can be so important to program/policy design. Nurses bring expertise and patient advocacy that can add significant insight and impact. In this Assignment, you will practice applying this expertise and insight by selecting an existing healthcare program or policy evaluation and reflecting on the criteria used to measure the effectiveness of the program/policy.

To Prepare:

Review the Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template provided in the Resources.
Select an existing healthcare program or policy evaluation or choose one of interest to you.
Review community, state, or federal policy evaluation and reflect on the criteria used to measure the effectiveness of the program or policy described.
The Assignment: (2–3 pages)

Based on the program or policy evaluation you selected, complete the Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template. Be sure to address the following :

  • Describe the healthcare program or policy outcomes.

Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis

Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation

The COVID-19 Vaccination Program

Description

The COVID-19 Vaccination Program, launched in late 2020, involved a collaborative effort to distribute and administer vaccines, effectively curbing the virus’s spread and reducing severe cases and deaths (Steele et al., 2022). However, ongoing challenges like vaccine hesitancy, global distribution, and emerging variants impact its overall effectiveness (Ali & Perera, 2023).

  • How was the success of the program or policy measured?

How was the success of the program or policy measured?

Vaccination coverage: The program’s success was assessed by tracking the percentage of the population that received the vaccine (Rosen et al., 2023). This included monitoring the number of doses administered and the number of individuals who were fully vaccinated.

Reduction in COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths: Success was measured by comparing COVID-19 case rates, hospitalization rates, and death rates before and after the implementation of the vaccination program. A downward trend in these metrics indicated the program’s effectiveness in controlling the pandemic.

  • How many people were reached by the program or policy selected?

How many people were reached by the program or policy selected? How much of an impact was realized with the program or policy selected?

The COVID-19 Vaccination Program had administered over 380 million doses in the United States and 5.7 billion doses globally (Gostin & Hodge, 2020). The program reduced COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths, particularly in areas with high vaccination rates. It also effectively protected vulnerable populations such as the elderly and individuals with underlying health conditions.

  • How much of an impact was realized with the program or policy selected?
  • At what point in program implementation was the program or policy evaluation conducted?
  • What data was used to conduct the program or policy evaluation?
  • What specific information on unintended consequences was identified?
  • What stakeholders were identified in the evaluation of the program or policy? Who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation? Be specific and provide examples.
  • Did the program or policy meet the original intent and objectives? Why or why not?
  • Would you recommend implementing this program or policy in your place of work? Why or why not?
  • Identify at least two ways that you, as a nurse advocate, could become involved in evaluating a program or policy after 1 year of implementation.

Read Also:

NURS 6050 Discussion: Presidential Agendas

NURS 6050 Assignment: Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact 

NURS 6050 Discussion: Politics and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

NURS 6050 Assignment: Legislation Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized.

Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS

Discussion Questions (DQ)

  • Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
  • Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
  • One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
  • I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

Weekly Participation

  • Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
  • In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
  • Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
  • Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

  • Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
  • Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
  • I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Use of Direct Quotes

  • I discourage the overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Master’s level and deduct points accordingly.
  • As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
  • It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.

LopesWrite Policy

  • For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report, and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
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  • Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
  • Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

  • The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
  • Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
  • If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
  • I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
  • As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: 

  • Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
  • Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program

Evaluation of health policies and programs is critical as it assists in improving the outcomes and effectiveness of such initiatives on target population. Evaluation entails collections and analysis of information concerning policy features activities and results so that stakeholders can enhance the initiative.

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate a program on HIV/AIDS aimed at reducing the spread of the disease by the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (AIPAC) to ascertain its effectiveness

Healthcare Program/Policy EvaluationInternational Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a health issue has different aspects that include social, political and economic impacts. IAPAC is an association of physicians established in 1995 with the aim of representing HIV-treating doctors and allied healthcare providers across the world.
DescriptionThe IAPAC program focuses on a host of components on HIV, right from treatment and prevention to developing a heterogeneous response to HIV. The aim of the IAPAC program and institution is to development of normative guidance, carrying out capacity building activities and engagement in advocacy to support efforts to control the HIV epidemic at all levels.
How was the success of the program or policy measured?  IAPAC program utilizes its annual Adherence Conference to evaluate or assess the success of its initiatives. The objectives of the conference include assessing effectiveness of self-reports, evaluating the use of clinical trials in relation to objective adherence and use of other evidence-based interventions. Therefore, measuring the success of the program is critical to its overall effectiveness on the target population.
How many people were reached by the program or policy selected? How much of an impact was realized with the program or policy selected?  The IAPAC program has reached millions of individuals in different parts of the world living with HIV/AIDS. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) close to 40 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. Further, about 1.7 million get infected each year. All these people are potential beneficiaries of the program (IAPAC, 2021). The IAPAC has services in five regions across the world. These include Africa, which is the most affected, Asia/Pacific, Latin America, North America, and Europe. The program’s impacts include reducing AIDS-related deaths by close to 35% between 2010 and 2017, and preventing new child infections by close to 1.5 million incidents (Brazier et al., 2019). The program has allowed countries to develop effective interventions to prevent further spread of the condition among vulnerable population through resource provision.
At what point in program implementation was the program or policy evaluation conducted?Evaluation of the IAPAC program is done annually through its Adherence Conference where new objectives are set for the coming year. This implies that each year, the stakeholders review the program and seek better ways to enhance its effectiveness to the targeted population (IAPAC, 2021b).
What data was used to conduct the program or policy evaluation?  Program evaluation focuses on various aspects that include processes, resource allocation, feedback and overall impact on target population. Program implementers attain this data through surveys where they collect both qualitative and quantitative information. IAPAC program has used all these approaches to evaluate the impact of this initiative. For instance, it has conducted surveys by contracting firms to evaluate the effects of its interventions in five different regions around the world. These surveys were critical as they revealed significant information on various components like health status, adherence and tolerance to present regime and side effects of different HIV/AIDS medications, and resistance in HIV/AIDS medications.
What specific information on unintended consequences were identified?  The program’s unintended consequences included increased stigmatization and discrimination of individuals with HIV/AIDS that reduce the use of services rolled out through the initiative. IAPAC also observes that the program’s rollout also increased isolation and marginalization of individuals with the condition. The program’s rollout also affected the ability of HIV/AIDS patients to lead healthy lives. A core aspect of the unintended effects of the program was the passage of legislations in over 32 states and two territories in the U.S. that criminalize the failure to disclose an individual’s HIV status (HIV.GOV, n.d). Before the program, many states did not have these laws. 
What stakeholders were identified in the evaluation of the program or policy? Who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation? Be specific and provide examples.  HIV/AIDS affects different types of stakeholders and it is essential to engage, coordinate with, and mobilize them to encounter the disease. Stakeholders in such programs play different roles. Therefore, it is essential to develop, maintain, and leverage both formal and informal interactions among the different stakeholders; right from government agencies to civil society (IAPAC, 2021). The program’s stakeholders include individuals living with HIV/AIDS, healthcare workers, governments and their agencies, local community leaders, medical associations, nursing association and faith-based organizations as well as nongovernmental bodies. Individuals living with HIV/AIDS and their families, healthcare workers, and government would benefit the most from effective outcomes of this program. People living with HIV/AIDS benefit through access to better treatment regimes, healthy living information, and increased evidence on the best way to manage the condition (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2019). Healthcare workers attain benefits as they understand new treatment trends and how to deal with patients. Healthcare workers benefit from more knowledge on attainment of safety measures to counter the problem.
Did the program or policy meet the original intent and objectives? Why or why not?  The program’s ambitious but achievable targets require more resources and involvement of more stakeholders. Basing on targets by the UNAIDS, the program hoped to reduce infections, increase access to antiretroviral therapy and more suppression of the virus. The program hoped to attain all these by close to 90% by 2020 (IAPAC, 2021). However, this has not happened since not close to 90% of individuals with HIV/AIDS across the world have access to quality antiretroviral treatment. For instance, the success in saving lives does not align with the overall goal of reducing new HIV infections. Further, stigma and discrimination are still a significant concern with women and girls being disproportionately impacted by the disease in different parts of the world, especially in developing countries. The program may have attained close to 75% of its original intent and requires more efforts to achieve the set objectives (IAPAC, 2021).
Would you recommend implementing this program or policy in your place of work? Why or why not?  The program continues to register success in different countries and regions across the world because of its benefits and efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS and its effects to populations. The IAPAC developed this program for an international perspective and not for institutional implementation. Therefore, while I would recommend the program for the workplace, it is not feasibility because of its overall scope.   I would not recommend it because it requires more resources and involvement of different stakeholders, which the organization lacks the capacity to rollout.
Identify at least two ways that you, as a nurse advocate, could become involved in evaluating a program or policy after one year of implementation.  Nurses can apply similar principles in assessing the impact and effectiveness of the program just like the evaluate clinical interventions, processes and procedures (Milstead & Short, 2019). Nurses are critical players in policy planning and evaluation with the aims of promoting and illustrating leadership among professional nurses and meeting the quadruple aims of healthcare.   Nurses possess knowledge, experience and skills that allow them to participate in policy evaluation in different ways that include developing interventions to assess the effectiveness of the set policies (Milstead & Short, 2019). Nurses can also leverage their skills to develop better ways of engaging stakeholders like legislators to establish policies that align with the healthcare needs of their respective populations.
General Notes/CommentsThe IAPAC program is an initiative whose mission is to enhance access to and improve the quality of life of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in different parts of the world. The program’s focus includes improving the quality of prevention, care, and intervention regimens offered to individuals living with and impacted by HIV and the associated comorbidities. The program is an initiative where the U.S. plays a critical role in providing resources from human expertise to material input to reduce the rate of infections and other components of HIV/AIDS around the world.  

Conclusion

Policy evaluation allows stakeholders to assess the effectiveness of a health care program to enhance quality and delivery of care. The evaluation of this policy shows that significant strides have been made and achieved in controlling the prevalence of HIV/AIDS across the world. The implication is that health care policies should focus on communities and individuals that require interventions to improve access to health services. The policy has played a critical role in reducing the effects of HIV/AIDS in the world, especially the worst hit areas in developing world.

Also Read:

NURS 6050 Discussion: Professional Nursing and State-Level Regulations

NURS 6050 Discussion 1: Evidence Base in Design

NURS 6050 Discussion 2: The Role of the RN/APRN in Policy-Making

References

  • Brazier, E., Maruri, F., Duda, S. N., Tymejczyk, O., Wester, C. W., Somi, G., … & Wools‐Kaloustian, K. (2019). Implementation of “Treat‐all” at adult HIV care and treatment sites in the Global Ie DEA Consortium: results from the Site Assessment Survey. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22(7), e25331. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25331

International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC) (2021). About: History.

  • Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) (2019). The U.S. Government and Global Health.
  • Milstead, J.A., & Short, N.M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed). A. Derouin (Ed.). Health policy and Social program evaluation (pp. 116-1214). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Assignment: Assessing a Healthcare Program Rubric

 ExcellentGoodFairPoor
Program/Policy Evaluation

Based on the program or policy evaluation you seelcted, complete the Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template. Be sure to address the following:



·   Describe the healthcare program or policy outcomes.

·   How was the success of the program or policy measured?

·   How many people were reached by the program or policy selected? How much of an impact was realized with the program or policy selected?

·   At what point in time in program implementation was the program or policy evaluation conducted?
32 (32%) – 35 (35%) Using sufficient evidence, response clearly and accurately describes the healthcare program or policy outcomes.

Response accurately and clearly explains how the success of the program or policy was measured.

Response accurately and clearly describes how many people were reached by the program or policy and accurately describes the impact of the program or policy.

Response accurately and clearly indicates the point at which time the program or policy evaluation was conducted.
28 (28%) – 31 (31%) Using sufficient evidence, response accurately describes the healthcare program or policy outcomes.

Response accurately explains how the success of the program or policy was measured.

Response accurately describes how many people were reached by the program or policy and accurately describes the impact of the program or policy.

Response accurately indicates the point at which time the program or policy evaluation was conducted.
25 (25%) – 27 (27%) Description of the healthcare program or policy outcomes is inaccurate or incomplete.

Explanation of how the success of the program or policy was measured is inaccurate or incomplete.

Description of how many people were reached by the program or policy and the impact is vague or inaccurate.

Response vaguely describes the point at which the program or policy evaluation was conducted.
0 (0%) – 24 (24%) Description of the healthcare program or policy outcomes is inaccurate and incomplete or is missing.

Explanation of how the success of the program or policy was measured is inaccurate and incomplete or is missing.

Description of how many people were reached by the program or policy and the associated impacts is vague and inaccurate or is missing.

Response of the point at which time the program or policy was conducted is missing.
Reporting of Program/Policy Evaluations

·   What data was used to conduct the program or policy evaluation?

·   What specific information on unintended consequences was identified?

·   What stakeholders were identified in the evaluation of the program or policy? Who would benefit the most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation? Be specific and provide examples.

·   Did the program or policy meet the original intent and objectives? Why or why not?

·   Would you recommend implementing this program or policy in your place of work? Why or why not?

·   Identify at least two ways that you, as a nurse advocate, could become involved in evaluating a program or policy after 1 year of implementation.
45 (45%) – 50 (50%) Response clearly and thoroughly explains in detail: -specific information on outcomes and unintended consequences identified through the program or policy evaluation. -the stakeholders involved in the program or policy evaluation. -who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation. -whether the program met the original intent and outcomes, including an accurate and detailed explanation of the reasons supporting why or why not. -whether the program should be implemented, including an accurate and detailed explanation of the reasons supporting why or why not. -at least two ways that the nurse advocate could become involved in the evaluation of the program or policy after 1 year of implementation.40 (40%) – 44 (44%) Using sufficient evidence, response accurately identifies the data used to conduct the program or policy evaluation. Response explains in detail specific information on outcomes and unintended consequences identified through the program or policy evaluation. Response explains in detail the stakeholders involved in the program or policy evaluation. Response explains who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation. Response includes an accurate explanation of whether the program met the original intent and outcomes, including an accurate explanation of the reasons supporting why or why not. Response includes an accurate explanation of whether the program should be implemented, including an accurate explanation of the reasons supporting why or why not. Response includes an accurate explanation of two ways that the nurse advocate could become involved in the evaluation of the program or policy after 1 year of implementation.35 (35%) – 39 (39%) Response vaguely or inaccurately identifies the data used to conduct the program or policy evaluation. Explanation of specific information on outcomes and unintended consequences identified through the program or policy evaluation is vague or incomplete. Explanation of the stakeholders involved in the program or policy evaluation is vague or inaccurate. Explanation of who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation is vague or inaccurate. Explanation of whether the program/policy met the original intent and outcomes, and the reasons why or why not is incomplete or inaccurate. Explanation of whether the program or policy should be implemented, and the reasons why or why not, is incomplete or inaccurate. Explanation of ways that the nurse advocate could become involved in the evaluation or policy after 1 year of implementation is incomplete or inaccurate.0 (0%) – 34 (34%) Identification of the data used to conduct the program or policy evaluation is vague and inaccurate or is missing. Response includes vague and incomplete or is missing explanation of: -specific information on outcomes and unintended consequences identified through the program or policy evaluation. -the stakeholders involved in the program or policy evaluation. -who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation. -whether the program or policy met the original intent and outcomes, and the reasons why or why not. -whether the program or policy should be implemented, and the reasons why or why not. -ways that the nurse advocate could become involved in the evaluation or policy after 1 year of implementation.
Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:

Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, low logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas.
Sentences are carefully focused– neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.
5 (5%)&n bsp;- 5 (5%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.
4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.
3 (3%) – 3 (3%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.
0 (0%) – 2 (2%) Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is incomplete or missing.
Written Expression and Formatting – English Writing Standards:

Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation
5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.3 (3%) – 3 (3%) Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.0 (0%) – 2 (2%) Contains many (≥5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and Formatting:

The paper follows correct APA format for title page, font, spacing, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list).
5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Uses correct APA format with no errors.4 (4%) – 4 (4%) Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.3 (3%) – 3 (3%) Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.0 (0%) – 2 (2%) Contains many (≥5) APA format errors.
Total Points: 100 
      

Name: NURS 6050 Module05 Week10 Assignment Rubric

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NURS 6050 Assignment: Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

The ACA seems to be a popular healthcare program. It has been one of the most significant programs/policies in the last 12 years. Since 2010 the number of uninsured Americans fell from 48 million to 28 million in 2016 (Finegold & Conmy, 2021). The 20 million difference shows how this policy made healthcare more accessible and affordable to some. The social determinants you mentioned were lower socioeconomic level citizens and the elderly. To expand that further, racism, poverty, unsafe neighborhoods, and lack of education are some of the many social determinants that create health inequity in our country (Leong & Roberts,2013). Seeing as this is such a comprehensive policy, it affected more people than I think the government thought. Those who did not fall under the poverty level did not see this implementation as positively as others. Those who did not qualify for subsidies had to go else wear for plans, and those plans were unaffordable for some Americans. The ACA has been great in helping those falling at or under the poverty level. Although the policy impacted millions of people who gained health insurance, it put some people into unaffordable plans, thus making them lose healthcare. In these situations, the good outweighed the bad, but that does not mean others did not suffer.

“The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is responsible for administering the Medicare and Medicaid programs. These programs provide health insurance coverage to millions of Americans, including seniors, people with disabilities, and low-income individuals and families.” The Medicare and Medicaid programs are complex and costly, and they have come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. As a result, CMS is constantly looking for ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of these programs. One way CMS does this is by evaluating existing programs and policies to see if they are achieving their intended goals and providing value for money. CMS has conducted a number of evaluations of the Medicare and Medicaid programs in recent years. These evaluations have looked at a wide range of issues, including the quality of care provided, the cost of care, the administrative burden of the programs, and the overall impact of the programs on the health care system.The results of these evaluations have been mixed. Some evaluations have found that the Medicare and Medicaid programs are doing a good job of providing quality care at a reasonable cost. Other evaluations have found that there are significant problems with the programs that need to be addressed. Overall, it is clear that the Medicare and Medicaid programs are complex and costly, and that there are areas where improvements can be made. CMS will continue to conduct evaluations of these programs in order to identify ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the programs.

QUESTION 2

       The efficiency of the services provided by Medicare and Medicaid may be evaluated using a variety of different methods. Consider taking a look at the total number of participants who have signed up for the program. As of the year 2019, there were more than 60 million individuals signed up for Medicare, and there were more than 70 million people signed up for Medicaid. This demonstrates that a big number of individuals are taking use of these services, and the majority of those people are pleased with them. The number of persons who are able to improve their lives as a result of participating in these programs is another another metric that may be used to evaluate the efficiency of these services. Participants in Medicare are eligible to receive a number of benefits, such as hospital insurance, reimbursement for the cost of prescription drugs, and financial aid if they have a low income. In addition, Medicaid participants get a wide range of benefits, such as financial support for medical expenses and assistance with long-term care. Examining the amount of individuals who report feeling content with the services provided is the third method for determining the degree to which these programs are successful. Polls of customer satisfaction are carried out on a regular basis, and the findings of these surveys indicate that the vast majority of enrollees are pleased with the quality of the services they get. The expense of the various programs is still one more factor to consider when determining the efficiency of the aforementioned services. Both Medicare and Medicaid get funding from the state governments as well as the federal government. Although the bulk of the expenses are covered by the federal government, the states are also responsible for providing a significant portion of the financing. The combined costs of Medicare and Medicaid each year exceed one trillion dollars. When seen as a whole, the health care coverage that Medicare and Medicaid provide to a substantial number of individuals is provided in an efficient and effective manner. Because the federal government and the states contribute to the funding of the programs jointly, they are not only efficient but also economical.

QUESTION 3

         The evaluation of the Medicare and Medicaid services shows that these programs have had a positive impact on the health of Americans. The number of people enrolled in the program has increased over the years, and the number of people who receive benefits from the program has also increased. The program has also been shown to be satisfaction with the program, and the cost of the program has been reasonable. The increase in the number of people enrolled in the program can be attributed to the fact that the program provides access to quality healthcare services. The program has also been shown to be effective in providing benefits to people who need them. The program has been shown to be satisfaction with the program, and the cost of the program has been reasonable. The Medicaid program has been shown to be an effective way to provide access to quality healthcare services. The program has also been shown to be effective in providing benefits to people who need them. The program has been shown to be satisfaction with the program, and the cost of the program has been reasonable.

QUESTION 4

          Social determinants play a significant role in the effectiveness of the Medicare and Medicaid services. As mentioned before, income is a major factor in determining who is enrolled in the program and who receives benefits from the program. Low-income individuals are more likely to rely on the program for their healthcare needs, whereas higher-income individuals tend to have other options and may not use the program as often . Race and ethnicity also play a role in the effectiveness of the program. African Americans and Latinos are more likely to be enrolled in the program and to receive benefits from the program than whites. This is likely due to the fact that these groups tend to have lower incomes and less access to other healthcare options. The Medicare and Medicaid services have been shown to be effective in providing healthcare to Americans. However, there are still some disparities in who is able to access the program and who benefits from it. Social determinants such as income, education, and race/ethnicity play a significant role in these disparities.

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