Assignment: Advocating For The Nursing Role In Program Design And Implementation

Assignment: Advocating For The Nursing Role In Program Design And Implementation

Community Hypertension Awareness Program

  • Tell us about a healthcare program, within your practice. What are the costs and projected outcomes of this program?

The healthcare program that is currently ongoing in my practice is health awareness program on hypertension. The program targets the communities that surround our institution. It mainly focuses on a wide range of issues related to hypertension. They include the screening of the public for hypertension, health education, treatment, and referral of cases for specialized treatment. The program targets at improving the level of awareness among the public as a way of promoting lifestyle and behavioural change among them. Then healthcare providers offer health education on the risk factors, signs and symptoms, and ways of managing and preventing hypertension. They also guide them on developing hypertension management program using lifestyle and behavioural modifications. Evidence has shown that raising the awareness of the public concerning hypertension increases the rate of treatment adherence among those affected or at risk and lifestyle and behavioural modifications to enhance   health and wellbeing (Islam, 2016). The expected cost of the program is $45,000. The projected outcomes of the program are varied. They include raising the level of awareness among the population concerning hypertension. It also includes increasing the uptake of medical care by patients with the disease. It also includes promoting behavioural and lifestyle modification among those at risk. Lastly, the program aims at increasing adherence to treatment regime by those with hypertension in the population.

  • Who is your target population?

The communities surrounding our hospital mainly comprise of African American and Asian American populations. The risk of hypertension among this population has risen significantly over the past few years. Evidence has shown that African Americans are highly at a risk of being affected by diabetes than any other population in America (Diaz et al., 2017; Musemwa & Gadegbeku, 2017). Therefore, the program targets this population as a way of promoting their health and wellbeing.

  • What is the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of this healthcare program? Can you provide examples?

The nurses played an important role in the design of the hypertension awareness program. Firstly, the performed a population assessment to identify the main health problems affecting the communities surrounding the hospital. Through it, the provided information on the prioritized health issues that the program should address. They also assisted in the development of the program goals and objectives. They assisted the program developers in coming up with specific, achievable, realistic, measurable, and time-limited goals and objectives for the program. For instance, they used the knowledge from their experience with the target population concerning their response time and uptake of interventions to come up with the goals of the program. Lastly, the assisted in providing insights into the crucial resources needed for the success of the program. This included time, financial resources, and human resources needed for the program. Therefore, their inputs were important in facilitating the successful implementation of the program.

  • What is your role as an advocate for your target population for this healthcare program? Do you have input into design decisions? How else do you impact design?

I play several roles as an advocate for the target population. Firstly, I link the population targeted by the program with the hospital. I visit public spaces such as churches and public gatherings to obtain information concerning the health needs of the population. I also act as health educator by creating awareness among them on the importance of the program and ways of preventing and managing hypertension. I also obtain vital information concerning the lifestyles, values, and practices of the population and exploring their influence on the uptake of health interventions. This information is important since it will guide the adoption of culturally appropriate interventions for managing and preventing hypertension.

I also have a role to influence the design of the program. Firstly, I ensure that all the stakeholders are actively involved in the implementation process. This includes ensuring that healthcare providers and the community representatives are actively involved in the whole processes of the program. I also play the role of determining the effectiveness of the interventions adopted for the success of the program. I ensure that the strategies align with the developed goals alongside the existing organizational resources. Therefore, my role in the implementation process is critical.

  • What is the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation? How does this role vary between design and implementation of healthcare programs? Can you provide examples?

The roles of the nurse in the implementation of the hypertension awareness program are varied. They include obtaining vital signs from the population and determining their risk profiles. They also triage patients according to their health problems. As identified earlier, health education was part of the activities of the program. Therefore, nurses act as health educators on issues related to hypertension. Lastly, nurses assist the population in coming up with a treatment plan. This includes those with hypertension, at risk of hypertension, and the healthy population. Through these interventions, the nurses promote the health and wellbeing of the target population.

The above roles played by the nurses vary between the design and implementation of the program. The design phase largely focuses on the use of the best available evidence to predict the ways in which hypertension can be managed in the population. The design phase also focuses on coming up with strategies that would ensure the success of the intervention. However, the implementation phase is action stage. The nurses put the strategies into practice. They use the allocated resources to meet the needs of the population. For example, they classify the population into categories such as hypertensive, pre-hypertensive, and non-hypertensive.

  • Who are the members of a healthcare team that you believe are most needed to implement a program? Can you explain why?

I believe the success of the program will require inputs and expertise from different professionals. One of them is a physician. The physician will diagnose, prescribe medications, and refer cases for further management. A pharmacist will also be needed to dispense the prescribed medications. A community health nurse will also be needed to ensure follow-up of the identified cases. The program also needs registered nurses. They will provide health education, screening, and assist in the development of treatment guidelines for those with or at risk of hypertension.

References

Diaz, K. M., Booth III, J. N., Seals, S. R., Abdalla, M., Dubbert, P. M., Sims, M., … & Shimbo, D. (2017). Physical activity and incident hypertension in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study. Hypertension69(3), 421-427.

Islam, M. S. (2016). Hypertension: from basic research to clinical practice. In Hypertension: from basic research to clinical practice (pp. 1-2). Springer, Cham.

Musemwa, N., & Gadegbeku, C. A. (2017). Hypertension in African Americans. Current cardiology reports19(12), 129.

In a 2- to 3-page paper, create an interview transcript of your responses to the following interview questions:

  • Tell us about a healthcare program, within your practice. What are the costs and projected outcomes of this program?
  • Who is your target population?
  • What is the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of this healthcare program? Can you provide examples?
  • What is your role as an advocate for your target population for this healthcare program? Do you have input into design decisions? How else do you impact design?
  • What is the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation? How does this role vary between design and implementation of healthcare programs? Can you provide examples?
  • Who are the members of a healthcare team that you believe are most needed to implement a program? Can you explain why?

Assignment: Advocating for the Nursing Role in Program Design and Implementation

As their names imply, the honeyguide bird and the honey badger both share an affinity for honey. Honeyguide birds specialize in finding beehives but struggle to access the honey within. Honey badgers are well-equipped to raid beehives but cannot always find them. However, these two honey-loving species have learned to collaborate on an effective means to meet their objectives. The honeyguide bird guides honey badgers to newly discovered hives. Once the honey badger has ransacked the hive, the honey guide bird safely enters to enjoy the leftover honey.

Much like honeyguide birds and honey badgers, nurses and health professionals from other specialty areas can—and should—collaborate to design effective programs. Nurses bring specialties to the table that make them natural partners to professionals with different specialties. When nurses take the requisite leadership in becoming involved throughout the healthcare system, these partnerships can better design and deliver highly effective programs that meet objectives.

In this Assignment, you will practice this type of leadership by advocating for a healthcare program. Equally as important, you will advocate for a collaborative role of the nurse in the design and implementation of this program. To do this, assume you are preparing to be interviewed by a professional organization/publication regarding your thoughts on the role of the nurse in the design and implementation of new healthcare programs.

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and reflect on your thinking regarding the role of the nurse in the design and implementation of new healthcare programs.
  • Select a healthcare program within your practice and consider the design and implementation of this program.
  • Reflect on advocacy efforts and the role of the nurse in relation to healthcare program design and implementation.

The Assignment: (2–3 pages)

In a 2- to 3-page paper, create an interview transcript of your responses to the following interview questions:

  • Tell us about a healthcare program, within your practice. What are the costs and projected outcomes of this program?
  • Who is your target population?
  • What is the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of this healthcare program? Can you provide examples?
  • What is your role as an advocate for your target population for this healthcare program? Do you have input into design decisions? How else do you impact design?
  • What is the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation? How does this role vary between design and implementation of healthcare programs? Can you provide examples?
  • Who are the members of a healthcare team that you believe are most needed to implement a program? Can you explain why?

By Day 7 of Week 8

Submit your interview transcript.

Submission and Grading Information

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  • Please save your written transcript using the naming convention “WK8Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 8 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
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Next Module

To go to the next Module:

Module 5

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 7, “Health Policy and Social Program Evaluation” (pp. 116–124 only)

Glasgow, R. E., Lichtenstein, E., & Marcus, A. C. (2003). Why don’t we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition. American Journal of Public Health, 93(8), 1261–1267.

Shiramizu, B., Shambaugh, V., Petrovich, H., Seto, T. B., Ho, T., Mokuau, N., & Hedges, J. R. (2016). Leading by success: Impact of a clinical and translational research infrastructure program to address health inequities. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 4(5), 983–991.

Williams, J. K., & Anderson, C. M. (2018). Omics research ethics considerations. Nursing Outlook, 66(4), 386–393. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2018.05.003

Document: Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Template (Word document)

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). The Importance of Program Evaluation [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Peter Beilenson: Ethics and advocacy [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Rubric Detail

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Name: NURS_6050_Module04_Week08_Assignment_Rubric

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Excellent Good Fair Poor
Program Design

In a 2- to 3-page paper, create an interview transcript of your responses to the following interview questions.
· Tell us about a healthcare program within your practice. What are the costs and projected outcomes of this program?

· Who is your target population?

· What is the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of this healthcare program? Can you provide examples?

· What is the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of this healthcare program? Can you provide examples?

· What is your role as an advocate for your target population for this healthcare program? Do you have input into design decisions? How else do you impact design?
Points Range: 41 (41%) – 45 (45%)
Response provides a clear and complete summary of the healthcare program, including an accurate and detailed description of the costs and projected outcomes of the program.

Response provides a clear and accurate description that fully describes the target population.

Response provides a clear and accurate explanation of the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of the program, including specific examples.

Response provides an accurate and detailed description of the role of the nurse advocate for the target population for the healthcare program selected.

Response provides an accurate and detailed explanation of how the advocate’s role influences design decisions as well as fully explaining impacts to program design.

Points Range: 36 (36%) – 40 (40%)
Response provides a summary of the healthcare program, including a description of the costs and project outcomes of the program.

Response provides an accurate description of the target population.

Response provides an accurate explanation of the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of the program, including some examples.

Response provides an accurate description of the role of the nurse advocate for the target population for the healthcare program selected.

Response provides an accurate explanation of how the advocate’s role influences design decisions and somewhat explains impacts to program design.

Points Range: 31 (31%) – 35 (35%)
Response provides a summary of the healthcare program that is vague or incomplete or does not include costs or projected outcomes of the program.

Description of the target population is vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of the program is vague, inaccurate, or does not include specific examples.

Description of the role of the nurse advocate for the target population for the healthcare program selected is vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of how the advocate’s role influences design decisions and impacts to program design is vague or inaccurate.

Points Range: 0 (0%) – 30 (30%)
Response provides a summary of the healthcare program that is vague and inaccurate, does not include costs or projected outcomes of the program, or is missing.

Description of the target population is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of the role of the nurse in providing input for the design of the program, and specific examples is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Description of the role of the nurse advocate for the target population for the healthcare program selected is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how the advocate’s role influences design decisions and impacts to program design is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.
Program Implementation
· What is the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation? How does this role vary between design and implementation of healthcare programs? Can you provide examples?

· Who are the members of a healthcare team that you believe are most needed to implement a program? Can you explain why you think this?
Points Range: 36 (36%) – 40 (40%)
Response provides a clear, accurate, and complete explanation of the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation.

Response provides an accurate and detailed explanation of how the role of the nurse is different between design and implementation of healthcare programs, including specific examples.

Response provides an accurate and detailed description of the members of a healthcare team needed to implement the program selected.

The response fully integrates at least 2 outside resources and 2-3 course specific resources that fully supports the summary provided.

Points Range: 32 (32%) – 35 (35%)
Response provides an accurate explanation of the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation.

Response provides an accurate explanation of how the role of the nurse is different between design and implementation of healthcare programs, and may include some specific examples.

Response provides and accurate description of the members of a healthcare team needed to implement the program selected.

The response integrates at least 1 outside resource and 2-3 course specific resources that may support the summary provided.

Points Range: 28 (28%) – 31 (31%)
Explanation of the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation is vague, inaccurate, and/or incomplete.

Explanation of how the role of the nurse is different between design and implementation of healthcare programs is vague or inaccurate and/or does not include specific examples.

Description of the members of a healthcare team needed to implement the program selected is inaccurate or incomplete.

The response minimally integrates resources that may support the summary provided.

Points Range: 0 (0%) – 27 (27%)
Explanation of the role of the nurse in healthcare program implementation is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how the role of the nurse is different between design and implementation of healthcare programs is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Description of the members of a healthcare team needed to implement the program selected is vague and inaccurate, incomplete, or is missing.

The response fails to integrate any resources to support the summary provided.
Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:

Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.

Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.

Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.

Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion was provided.
Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:

Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct APA format with no errors.

Points Range: 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.

Points Range: 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.

Points Range: 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.
Total Points: 100
Name: NURS_6050_Module04_Week08_Assignment_Rubric

Hi,

It is accurate that nurses can change the world in so many ways. For example, nurses can change some government policies regarding health care. This is so because nurses are the backbone of health care. They work side by side with patients and their families daily, and, in turn, they have all the knowledge of patients’ needs, which could be financial or emotional needs. So, when implementing health care policies, nurses have to be part of this process as they have first-hand information. According to the online article, ” All nurses can advocate for change, whether within their workplace, nursing organizations, government agencies, or directly with policymakers and elected officials. Every nurse can have a voice in creating and enforcing health policies (How nurses can shape health policies 2021).”

As nurses, we do have an important role to play. Advocating for our patients will make a big difference in the lives of all Americans and the world.

 

Great Post!

 

 

reference

How nurses can shape health policy. University of North Carolina Wilmington Online. (2021, March 15). Retrieved January 22, 2022, from https://onlinedegree.uncw.edu/articles/nursing/how-nurses-shape-health-policy.aspx